www.longbranch.k12.nj.us

www.longbranch.k12.nj.us

Empires of Asia Part Two of your journey China Reunifies Objective: Students will be able to analyze the motivations of China to modify their environment and determine the positive and negative consequences of changes made during Unification. Target Learning: I will learn how the Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties over came the Period of Disunion. Standards - 4.2B Grade 8 CPI 4.E, Analyze the motivations for civilizations to modify the environment, determine the positive and negative consequences of environmental changes made during this time period, and relate these changes to current environmental challenges. 06-08.RH.07, Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts. 06-08.WST.10, Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences. Section

Possible Grade Clarity and Neatness Due Date Geography 100 11/13

China Reunifies 100 11/18 Song and Tang Achievement 100 11/23 Yuan and Ming Dynasties 100

11/30 Japans Growth of Military Society 100 12/3 Period of Disunion When the Han dynasty collapsed, China split into several rival kingdoms, each ruled by military leaders. This time of disorder that followed the collapse of the Han the Period of Disunion. It lasted from 220 to 589. During the troubled times of the Han Dynasty Buddhism became the state philosophy. They took comfort in the Buddhist teaching that people can escape suffering and achieve a state of peace. Although war was common during the Period of Disunion, peaceful developments

also took place at the same time. During this period, nomadic peoples settled in northern China. Some Chinese people adopted the nomads culture, while the invaders adopted some Chinese practices. Thus, the culture of the invaders and traditional Chinese mixed. The Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties After centuries of political confusion and cultural change, China was reunified for about 700 years. The Sui Dynasty The man who finally ended the Period of Disunion was a northern ruler named Yang Jian (YANG jee-EN). In 589, he conquered the south, unified China, and created the Sui (SWAY) dynasty.

The Sui dynasty didn't last long, only from 589 to 618. During that time, though, its leaders restored order to China and began the Grand Canal, a canal linking northern and southern China. Watch the following video and write a paragraph that explains the benefits of the Grand Canal. Use at least 3 facts from the video. Label Google Docs page Sui Dynasty - Grand Canal

THE TANG DYNASTIES A new dynasty arose in China in 618 when a former Sui official overthrew the old government. This dynasty, Tang, would rule for nearly 300 years. Under the Tang dynasty China grew to include much of eastern and Central Asia. Historians view the Tang dynasty as a golden age of Chinese civilization. One of its greatest rulers was Taizong (TY-tzoong). He helped unify China through his programs, including reform of the military, creation of law codes, and a land reform policy known as the equal field system. Another brilliant Tang ruler was Xuanzong (SHOO-AN-tzoong). During his reign, culture flourished. Many of China's finest poets wrote while Xuanzong ruled. The Tang dynasty also included the only woman to rule ChinaEmpress Wu. Her methods were sometimes vicious, but she was intelligent and talented. Empress Wu

625-705 Empress Wu became ruler of China in 655 after her husband died. She kept power to herself and ruled with an iron fist. Those who threatened her https://youtu.be/Wuo-_xrbSls power risked death. Unlike many earlier rulers she chose advisors based on their abilities rather than their ranks. Although she was not well liked, Wu was respected for bringing stability and prosperity to China. SONG DYNASTY After the Tang dynasty fell, China entered another brief period of chaos and disorder, with separate kingdoms competing for power. The disorder only lasted 53 years, though, from 907 to 960. In 960, China was again reunified, this time by the Song dynasty. Like the Tang, the Song ruled for about

300 years, until 1279. Also like the Tang, the Song dynasty was a time of great accomplishment Watch the following video and write a paragraph describing the accomplishments of the Song Dynasty. Label Google Docs - Song Dynasty THE AGE OF BUDDHISM Buddhism is one of the world's major religions, originating in India around 500 BC. Buddhism first came to China during the Han dynasty. During the Period of Disunion many people turned to Buddhism. They took comfort in the Buddhist teaching that people can escape

suffering and achieve a state of peace. As a result, Buddhist temples that housed huge statues of the Buddha, arose across the land. Buddhism continued to influence life in China after the country was reunified. Buddhism continued to grow and spread. Chinese missionaries,introduced Buddhism to Japan, Korea, and other Asian lands. Buddhism influenced many aspects of Chinese culture, including art, literature, and architecture. The period from about 400 to 845 can be called the Golden Age of Buddhism. Unit 3: China and Japan 14.1: China Reunifies (pages 410-413) 1. Why was the Tang dynasty called the golden age of Chinese civilization?

2. Who was Empress Wu and what did she do? 3. What might have happened to China if Empress Wu had not been such a strong leader? 4. Why was Buddhism the official state philosophy of the Han dynasty? 5. Which video will be most useful for this unit? Why (give example from the video)? Linkit.com/testtaker

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