World History Connections to Today

World History Connections to Today

Chapter 26 , Section World World History: History: Connection Connection to to Today Today Chapter 26 New Global Patterns (18001914) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 26 , Section World

World History: History: Connection Connection to to Today Today Chapter 26: New Global Patterns (18001914) ection 1: Japan Modernizes Section 2: Southeast Asia and the Pacific ection 3: Self-Rule for Canada, Australia, and New Zealand ection 4: Economic Imperialism in Latin America ection 5: Impact of Imperialism

Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 26 , Section 1 Japan Modernizes How did discontent in Japanese society and the opening of Japan lead to the Meiji restoration? What were the main reforms under the Meiji? How did Japanese military strength promote imperialism? Chapter 26 , Section 1 Events Events Leading Leading Up Up to

to the the Meiji Meiji Restoration Restoration By the 1800s, discontent simmered throughout Japan. The government responded by trying to revive old ways. The United States forced Japan to grant trading rights and forced unequal treaties on Japan. Some Japanese strongly criticized the shogun for not taking a strong stand against the foreigners. Foreign pressure deepened the social and economic unrest. Discontented daimyo and samurai overthrew the shogun and restored the emperor to power. The Meiji restoration, which lasted from 1868 to 1912, was a major turning point in Japanese

history. Chapter 26 , Section 1 Reforms Under the Meiji The Meiji reformers wanted to replace the rigid feudal order with a completely new political and social system and to build a modern industrial economy. GOVERNMENT Adopted the German model of government Set forth the principle that all people were equal under the law Established a western-style bureaucracy Used western technology to strengthen the military

Ended the special privilege of samurai ECONOMIC REFORMS Encouraged Japans business class to adopt western methods Built factories and sold them to wealthy business families, known as zaibatsu SOCIAL CHANGE Ended legal distinctions between classes Set up schools and a university Hired westerners to teach the new generation modern

technology Chapter 26 , Section 1 Why Why Was Was Japan Japan Able Able to to Modernize Modernize So So Rapidly? Rapidly? Japan was a homogeneous society that is, it had a common culture and language that gave it a strong sense of identity. Economic growth during the Tokugawa times had set Japan on the road to development.

The Japanese had experience learning from foreign nations, such as China. The Japanese were determined to resist foreign rule. Chapter 26 , Section 1 Japanese Imperialism As with western industrial powers, Japans economic needs fed its imperialist desires. In 1894,Japan defeated China in the Sino-Japanese War, gaining treaty ports in China and control over the island of Taiwan. In 1905, Japan defeated Russia in the Russo-Japanese War, gaining control of Korea as well as rights in parts of Manchuria.

In 1910, Japan annexed Korea, absorbing the kingdom into the Japanese empire and ruling it for 35 years. Chapter 26 , Section 1 Section 1 Assessment Wealthy business families in Japan were known as daimyo. b) shogun. c) samurai. d) a) zaibatsu. Japan was able to modernize so quickly in part due to being

a) heterogeneous society. b) a homogeneous society. c) a military society. d) an isolated society. Want to connect to the World History link for this section? Click Here. a Chapter 26 , Section 1 Section 1 Assessment Wealthy business families in Japan were known as daimyo. b) shogun. c) samurai.

d) a) zaibatsu. Japan was able to modernize so quickly in part due to being a) heterogeneous society. b) a homogeneous society. c) a military society. d) an isolated society. Want to connect to the World History link for this section? Click Here. a Chapter 26 , Section 2

Southeast Asia and the Pacific What impact did European colonization have on Southeast Asia? How did Siam maintain its independence? How did imperialism spread to the Philippines and other Pacific islands? Chapter 26 , Section 2 Imperialism Imperialism in in Southeast Southeast Asia Asia and and the the Pacific, Pacific, 1900

1900 Chapter 26 , Section 2 Colonization of Southeast Asia In their relentless race for raw materials, new markets, and Christian converts, western industrial powers gobbled up Southeast Asia. By the 1890s, Europeans controlled most of Southeast Asia. They: introduced modern technology expanded commerce and industry set up new enterprises to mine tin and harvest rubber brought in new crops of corn and cassava

built harbors and railroads These changes benefited Europeans far more than the people of Southeast Asia. Chapter 26 , Section 2 How How Did Did Siam Siam Maintain Maintain Its Its Independence? Independence? King Mongkut, who ruled from 1851 to 1868, set Siam on the road to modernization. Siam was forced to accept some unequal treaties but escaped becoming a European colony.

Both Britain and France saw the advantage of making Siam a buffer, or neutral zone, between them. In the early 1900s, Britain and France guaranteed Siam its independence. Chapter 26 , Section 2 Imperial Powers in the Pacific In the 1800s, the industrial powers began to take an interest in the islands of the Pacific. In 1878, the United States secured an unequal treaty from Samoa. Later, the United States, Germany, and Britain agreed to a triple protectorate over Samoa. From the mid-1800s, American sugar growers pressed for power in Hawaii. In 1898, the United States annexed Hawaii. At the conclusion of the Spanish-American War, the Philippines was placed under American control. The United States promised Filipinos self-rule some time in the future.

Chapter 26 , Section 2 Section 2 Assessment Changes introduced by Europeans in Southeast Asia primarily benefited Southeast Asians. benefited the Europeans. c) Southeast Asians and Europeans equally. d) a) b) primarily benefited both were insignificant. In 1898, the United States annexed b) the Philippines. c) Hawaii.

a) d) Samoa. Burma. Want to connect to the World History link for this section? Click Here. Chapter 26 , Section 2 Section 2 Assessment Changes introduced by Europeans in Southeast Asia primarily benefited Southeast Asians. benefited the Europeans. c) Southeast Asians and Europeans equally. d)

a) b) primarily benefited both were insignificant. In 1898, the United States annexed b) the Philippines. c) Hawaii. a) d) Samoa. Burma. Want to connect to the World History link for this section? Click here. Chapter 26 , Section 3

Self-Rule Self-Rule for for Canada, Canada, Australia, Australia, and New Zealand How did Canada achieve self-rule? How did European settlement change the course of Australian history? How did New Zealand emerge as an independent nation? Chapter 26 , Section 3 Canada, 18671914 Chapter 26 , Section 3

How Did Canada Achieve Self-Rule? Canadas first European rulers were French. When France lost Canada to Britain in 1763, thousands of French-speaking settlers remained. In 1791 Britain passed the Canada Act, which created two provinces: English-speaking Upper Canada and French-speaking Lower Canada. During the 1800s, unrest grew in both colonies. In 1839, the Durham Report called for the two Canadas to be reunited and given control over their own affairs. In 1840, Parliament passed the Act of Union, a major step toward selfgovernment. As Canada expanded westward, John Macdonald and George tienne Cartier urged confederation, or unification, of all Canadas provinces. Britain passed the British North America Act of 1867, creating the Dominion of Canada. It united four provinces into a dominion, or self-governing nation. Six additional provinces later joined the union. Chapter 26 , Section 3 Geography

Geography of of Australia Australia and and New Zealand Zealand Chapter 26 , Section 3 Europeans in Australia In 1770, Captain James Cook claimed Australia for Britain. At that time, it was too distant to attract European settlers. Australia had long been inhabited by indigenous people, later called Aborigines. When white settlers arrived, the Aborigines suffered disastrously.

In 1788, Britain made Australia into a penal colony. In the early 1800s, Britain encouraged free citizens to emigrate to Australia. As the newcomers took over more and more land, they thrust aside or killed the Aborigines. In 1851, a gold rush in eastern Australia brought a population boom. By the late 1800s, Australia had won a place in a growing world economy.

Chapter 26 , Section 3 New Zealand In 1769, Captain Cook claimed New Zealand for Britain. New Zealand pioneered in several areas of democratic reform. Missionaries arrived to convert the local In 1893, it became the first nation to give suffrage to women. In 1840, Britain annexed New Zealand.

Later, it was in the forefront of other social reforms. people, the Maoris, to Christianity. White New Zealanders won independence. By the 1870s, Maori resistance crumbled. Many Maoris died in the struggle. Colonists took over Maori land and engaged in fierce wars with the Maoris. Chapter 26 , Section 3 Section 3 Assessment Under the British North America Act of 1867, Canada a)

became a confederation. b) became a dominion. c) was divided into Upper Canada and Lower Canada. d) was colonized by the British. The first European settlers in Australia were b) British. c) French. a) d) Dutch. Americans. Want to connect to the World History link for this section? Click Here.

Chapter 26 , Section 3 Section 3 Assessment Under the British North America Act of 1867, Canada a) became a confederation. b) became a dominion. c) was divided into Upper Canada and Lower Canada. d) was colonized by the British. The first European settlers in Australia were b) British. c) French. a) d) Dutch.

Americans. Want to connect to the World History link for this section? Click Here. Chapter 26 , Section 4 Economic Imperialism in Latin America What political and economic problems faced new Latin American nations? How did Mexico struggle for stability? How did the United States influence Latin America? Chapter 26 , Section3 Independent Independent Nations

Nations of of Latin Latin America America About About 1844 1844 Chapter 26 , Section 4 Political Problems During the 1800s, most Latin American nations were plagued by revolts, civil war, and dictatorships. Many problems had their origins in colonial rule, as independence barely changed the existing social and political hierarchy. With few roads and no traditions of unity, the new nations were weakened by regionalism, loyalty to a local area. Caudillos ruled as dictators.

Chapter 26 , Section 4 The Economics of Dependence Economic dependence occurs when less-developed nations export raw materials and commodities to industrial nations and import manufactured goods, capital, and technological know-how. The relationship is unequal because the more developed and wealthier nation can control prices and terms of trade. Under colonial rule, mercantilist policies made Latin America economically dependent on Spain and Portugal. After independence, this pattern changed very little. The region remained as economically dependent as before. Chapter 26 , Section 4 Imperialism

Imperialism in in the the Caribbean Caribbean and and South South America, America, 1898 1898 1917 1917 Chapter 26 , Section 4 The Influence of the United States In 1823, the United States issued the Monroe Doctrine, which stated that the American continents were no longer open to colonization by any European powers. In 1904, the United States issued the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. Under this policy, the United States claimed

international police power in the Western Hemisphere. In the next decade, the United States frequently intervened militarily in Latin American nations to protect American lives and investments. In 1903, the United States backed the Panamanians in a revolt against Colombia in order to gain land to build the Panama Canal. To people in Latin America, the canal was an example of Yankee Imperialism. Chapter 26 , Section 4 Section 4 Assessment Which of the following nations was under United States influence between 1898 and 1917? a) Venezuela b) Colombia c)

Mexico d) Honduras Under the Roosevelt Corollary, the United States claimed international police power in a) the Western Hemisphere. b) North America only. c) the Pacific Ocean. d) Eastern Europe. Want to connect to the World History link for this section? Click Here. Chapter 26 , Section 4 Section 4 Assessment Which of the following nations was under United States influence between 1898 and 1917? a) Venezuela b) Colombia

c) Mexico d) Honduras Under the Roosevelt Corollary, the United States claimed international police power in a) the Western Hemisphere. b) North America only. c) the Pacific Ocean. d) Eastern Europe. Want to connect to the World History link for this section? Click Here. Chapter 26 , Section 5 Impact of Imperialism How did imperialism lead to new economic patterns?

What was the cultural impact of imperialism? How did political tensions develop as the result of imperialism? Chapter 26 , Section 5 New Economic Patterns A truly global economy emerged, dominated by the United States, Britain, France, and Germany. Colonial rulers introduced a money economy that replaced the old barter system. Mass-produced goods from the industrialized world further disrupted traditional economies. Local economies that had once been self-sufficient became dependent on the industrial powers. Chapter 26 , Section 5 Cultural Impact

As westerners conquered other lands, they pressed subject people to accept modern ways. By this, they meant western ideas, government, technology, and culture. Many nonwesterners, especially in conquered lands, came to accept a belief in western superiority. The overwhelming successes of the western imperialist nations sapped peoples confidence in their own leaders and cultures.

Western culture spread around the world. Chapter 26 , Section 5 New Political Tensions By the early 1900s, western-educated elites in Africa and Asia were organizing nationalist movements to end colonial rule. The competition for imperial power was fueling tensions among western nations. Chapter 26 , Section 5 Section 5 Assessment What effect did mass-produced goods have on traditional economies? a) They made traditional economies more competitive. b) They disrupted traditional economies.

c) They improved traditional economies. d) They helped to diversify traditional economies. As westerners conquered other lands, they a) encouraged native peoples to hold onto their own beliefs. b) pressed native peoples to accept modern ways. c) easily assimilated with native peoples. took on native beliefs and gave up their own. d) Want to connect to the World History link for this section? Click Here. Chapter 26 , Section 5 Section 5 Assessment

What effect did mass-produced goods have on traditional economies? a) They made traditional economies more competitive. b) They disrupted traditional economies. c) They improved traditional economies. d) They helped to diversify traditional economies. As westerners conquered other lands, they a) encouraged native peoples to hold onto their own beliefs. b) pressed native peoples to accept modern ways. c) easily assimilated with native peoples. took on native beliefs and gave up their own. d) Want to connect to the World History link for this section? Click Here.

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