Health aspects of environmental impact assessment a report of the findings of the European Commissions IMP3 project on IMProving the IMPlementation of environmental IMPact Assessment in Europe Presented by Salim Vohra on behalf of the IMP3 team 7th International Health Impact Assessment Conference, Cardiff, April 2006
Project background European Commission regularly reviews the workings of EU Directives. This is the second review of the EIA Directive since its amendment in 1997 Carried out by six partners from five countries: Austria, Portugal, Slovakia, Sweden and the UK 1 year research project
Project partners IR, sterreichisches Institut fr Raumplanung Austria (Austrian Institute for Regional Studies and Spatial Planning) UBA, Umweltbundesamt (Austrian Federal Environment Agency) Austria CITTA, Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto Portugal (Research Centre for Territory, Transports and Environment)
SZAP, Slovensk Agentra ivotnho Prostredia (Slovak Environmental Agency) Slovakia Nordregio, Nordic Centre for Spatial Development Sweden
WCfH, Wales Centre for Health UK Research background Questionnaires 970 EIA stakeholders were sent questionnaires 183 responded from 24 EU countries (19%)
Interviews 38 stakeholders in 10 EU countries 26 stakeholders in Canada and the US Number of responses by country Definition of health used in EIA Majority view - environmental risks to health i.e.
air, water, soil and noise pollution Minority view - in 12 countries - mental health and social wellbeing recognised in legislation Small but significant shifts in recognition of need to assess health more broadly in EIA practice compared to previous studies Definition of health used in EIA by country
Health impacts assessed in EIA Physical health impacts are always or most often considered Social and mental health-wellbeing impact are less often or rarely considered Inequalities in health impacts between different groups within a community are very rarely, if at all, considered
Influences on health considered in EIA Barriers to strengthening health No or insufficient guidance on how to consider health issues in EIA (65%) Insufficient knowledge and understanding of health
and health determinants (49%) Definition of human health in EIA regulations is inadequate or too narrow or missing(40%) Failure to include health experts in EIA teams (34%) EU-level policy options identified
Overall findings Human health is being assessed within EIAs in Europe Most are health risk assessments of the affect of emissions into the air, water and soil or completely separate HIAs carried out after the EIA has already been completed Few examples of integrated environmental and health impact approaches and methodologies There are signs of small but significant shifts in
attitudes among EIA stakeholders about the need to consider human health in a broader way in EIA Emerging challenges: strengthening health in EIA Should we integrate HIA into EIA or keep them separate? How do we create better links and more collaboration between environmental impact and health impact practitioners?
More and better guidance but what precisely on? How do we develop better baseline health information and health evidence bases, that fit the EIA legislative framework at EU and national levels? A team effort and great fun!!! Antonia Cornaro, Erich Dallhammer, Valrie Dumont, Ulrike Fasching, Peter Schneidewind, Gregori Stanzer, Gabriele Tatzberger
Wolfgang Lexer, Sabine Mayer, Bernhard Schwarzl Maria Rita Correia, Paulo Pinho, Sara Santos Cruz Daniela Bugov, Mria Hrnrov, Zuzana Lieskovsk, Katarna Palchov, Frantiek Pariek Tuija Hilding-Rydevik, sa Pettersson, Arto Ruotsalainen Ceri Breeze, John Kemm, Nicola Pearce, Lynnette Thomas, Salim Vohra
Project: This Green Building project is a total of 11,000 square feet constructed on ICF blocks and wood frame construction. It was built as a LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Gold Certified building, incorporating advanced mechanical systems and...
I try to make learning maths fun and ask my learners to contribute questions of their own. Maths can be fun! ... Question 5 Multiply the number of the colours of the rainbow by 2. Question 6 Double 3 and...
VO2max. Repiratoir systeem. Inzicht in conditie . Aeroob vermogen (maximale zuurstofopname) Atriel-veneus 02 verschil . maximale 02opname spieren. Omdat het zuurstofverbruik bij inspanning is gerelateerd aan de spiermassa die een persoon bezit, wordt bij de vergelijkingen tussen personen het aerobe...
parts of speech nouns person place thing idea pronouns a word used in place of a noun i, you,she, he, it we, you, they action verbs shows action links subject to another word in the sentence linking verbs links subject...
Lead the professional learning community - the most direct means of improving instruction at all levels. Lead the leadership team. Create a common learning agenda among all staff. Provide support and clear expectations for teachers. High performing schools leaders both...
He fought for Civil Rights protesting against Jim Crow Laws and lynching. He became a prolific writer and famous after his book, The Souls of Black Folk. The United States' Civil Rights Act passed one year after his death.
The structure of an enzyme determines its function. Enzymes are usually proteins. Proteins have a definite 3-D structure based on how the amino acid chains fold. On the enzyme, there is a place where the target molecule can attach. This...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!