Virtual Earthworm Dissection - ISD 622

Virtual Earthworm Dissection - ISD 622

Virtual Earthworm Dissection Images Courtesy of: http://www.flushing.k12.mi.us/srhi gh/tippettl/biology/lum/index.html External Anatomy The top of the earthworm is the dorsal side. This is the darker side of the worm. The bottom of the earthworm is the ventral side. This is the lighter side of the worm. The anterior region of the earthworm is the head region. There is a mouth at the head region.

The posterior region of the earthworm is the tail region. There is an anus at the tail region. External Anatomy: Clitellum Note the swelling of the earthworm near its anterior side. This is the clitellum. Each segment of a worm has small pairs of bristles called setae which help it move.

Digestive System: Mouth Mouth: tiny opening at anterior end through which food enters Digestive System: Pharynx Pharynx: throat; smooth part

following the mouth Digestive System: Esophagus Esophagus: main food tube connecting pharynx to crop Digestive System: Crop

Crop: temporary holding tank controls food entering gizzard Digestive System: Gizzard Gizzard: grinder Digestive System: Intestine

Intestine: absorbs nutrients (food) and water Virtual Animation of Worm Digestion http://yankeeworm.org/ym_about.html The animation on worm digestion is courtesy of North Carolina State University. HERMAN THE WORM.

Circulatory System: Aortic Arches Aortic Arches (Hearts): 5 of them pump blood Circulatory System: Dorsal Blood Vessel Dorsal Blood Vessel: main blood

vessel through which blood travels Reproductive System: Seminal Vesicles Seminal Vesicles: produce sperm (large white organs) Reproductive System: Seminal Receptacles

Seminal Receptacles: store sperm (smaller white organs) Nervous System: Ventral Nerve Cord Ventral Nerve Cord: sense stimuli (small white cord under intestine)

Cuticle Cuticle: outer protective covering Septum Septum: individual segment divisions that hold the skin onto the worm

Internal View: How many parts can you name? Labeling Diagrams Match the letter appearing in front of each word in the word bank with the number of the structure. a. Mouth b. Pharynx

c. Esophagus d. Crop 2 e. Gizzard f. Intestine 1 g. Aortic Arches (Hearts) h. Dorsal Blood Vessel i. Ventral Blood Vessel j. Clitellum

k. Seminal Vesicles 14 l. Seminal Receptacles m. Ventral Nerve Cord n. Brain 3 4

13 6 5 12

7 11 10 9 8

Labeling Diagrams Match the letter appearing in front of each word in the word bank with the number of the structure. a. Mouth b. Pharynx c. Esophagus d. Crop 2n

e. Gizzard f. Intestine 1a g. Aortic Arches (Hearts) h. Dorsal Blood Vessel i. Ventral Blood Vessel j. Clitellum k. Seminal Vesicles 14 b

l. Seminal Receptacles m. Ventral Nerve Cord n. Brain 3c 13l 4g

6f 5k 12 d 7h

11 e 10 m 9i 8j

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