Verbs - WordPress.com

Verbs - WordPress.com

Verbs What is a Verb? a word which tells what the subject has, does, is, or feels expressed action or state of being Action Expresses action Run, jump, play, lean, write, laugh, love, remember

Where would I place my line? The strange cat meowed and hissed loudly an incessantly. Black is my most favorite color. TYPES OF ACTION VERBS A. Physical Action Verbs EX: run explore dive construct

B. Mental Action Verbs EX: remember love learn need Action Verbs Tells what the subject does. The action may be physical or mental. EXAMPLES: The fish swam in the murky water.

I believe in the power of positive thinking. Directions: Locate the action verb in each sentence. Helen enjoys having pets in her home. She fed two crazy cats and a cute dog named Gino. Her cat attacks when he is upset. She appreciates it when her husband walks the pets. PRACTICE Directions: Locate the action verb in each sentence.

1. Helen enjoys having pets in her home. 2. She fed two crazy cats and a cute dog named Gino. 3. Her cat attacks when he is upset. 4. She appreciates it when her husband walks the pets. More Action Verb examples The dog jumped high and caught the ball in the air. The iPad shut down in the middle of the

teachers lesson. The three girls put their makeup on and headed to the movies. The dog jumped high and caught the ball in the air. The iPad shut down in the middle of the teachers lesson. The three girls put their makeup on and headed to the movies. Being Verbs Being verbs can be linking verbs or helping

verbs. The most common linking verbs are forms of the verb be. Used as a linking verb: The smart young lady is always early to class. Used as a helping verb: The smart young lady is working hard in school. am was be is were being are been Linking Verbs

Links the subject to a word in the predicate. Verbs which express condition: Common Linking Verbs appear grow seem become look smell feel taste sound Linking Verbs Links the subject to a word in the

predicate. Verbs which express condition: Example 1: The boy grew tall. (grew= linking v. which links tall to boy) Example 2: The popcorn smelled delicious. (smelled = linking v. which links delicious to popcorn) Linking Verbs Links the subject to a word in the predicate.

Verbs which express condition: Some verbs may serve as either action verbs or as linking verbs. The rabbit appeared from the bush. (action) It appeared frightened. (linking) Linking Verbs A linking verb links the subject with a word in the predicate. This word can be a predicate noun or a predicate adjective.

A predicate noun renames or identifies the subject. A predicate adjective describes the subject. Predicate Noun: Vera is a scout. Predicate Adj.: She seems brave. Examples: Box the linking verb in each sentence Kenny seemed curious about the pizza. He is an eater. The pizza looked delicious. It appeared large enough for more than one person.

Kenny was a hungry boy. PRACTICE Directions: Box the linking verb. 1. Kenny seemed curious about the pizza. 2. He is an eater. 3. The pizza looked delicious.

4. It appeared large enough for more than one person. 5. Kenny was a hungry boy. More linking verb practice The teachers at our school are so kind and caring. Our student council members were hardworking and efficient this school year. My little brother is such an annoying pest. More linking verb practice The teachers at our school are so kind and

caring. Our student council members were hardworking and efficient this school year. My little brother is such an annoying pest. Linking Verbs Are the verbs action or linking? 1. The girls became curious. Linking Verbs Are the verbs action or linking? If linking, is the word a predicate noun or predicate adj.?

The girls became curious. Linking 1. Linking Verbs Are the verbs action or linking? 2. Vera sounded nervous. Linking Verbs Are the verbs action or linking? If linking, is

the word a predicate noun or predicate adj.? 2. Vera sounded nervous. Linking Linking Verbs Are the verbs action or linking? 3. She sounded the alarm. Linking Verbs Are the verbs action or linking? If linking, is the word a predicate noun or predicate adj.?

3. She sounded the alarm. Action Lets Review What is a verb? What are the being verbs? When can they be used? What are the common linking verbs? (9) A. Helping Verb--helps the main verb to show an action or make a statement

***they can help linking or action verbs. B. Forms of the verbs be, do, and have can be used as main verbs or helping H.V.M.V. verbs. EX: After we wake up, we will eat breakfast. Helping Verbs Helps complete the meaning of a main verb. Am

was has be do Is were have being does Are will had been did may can should might could

would must Helping Verbs Helps complete the meaning of a main verb. Maria is walking to the park. Thomas will be competing in the tournament tomorrow. Helping Verbs Underline the helping verb and circle the main verb. 1. I was running to catch the ball, but missed.

2. My mom was driving like a maniac. 3. The teacher should take your phone away. 4. We will feel better after the test. Practice: Underline the helping verb and circle the main verb. 1. I was running to catch the ball, but missed. 2. My mom was driving like a maniac. 3. The teacher should take your phone away. 4. We will feel better after the test. VERBS with DIRECT OBJECTS noun

1. DIRECT OBJECT--a or pronoun in the predicate which receives the action of theverb answers the question who or what receives action A.V. D.O. Ex: Elizabeth cooked chicken for dinner on VERBS with INDIRECT

2.INDIRECT OBJECT--a noun or OBJECTS pronoun in the predicate that tells to whom or to what an action is done answers the question to whom, to what, or for what after the actionA.V. verbI.O. D.O. Ex: Paul read his sister a chapter from the book.

Important Notes A.Only sentences with a direct object can have an indirect object B. Indirect objects always come before the direct object Sentences can have more than one indirect object A.V. I.O. I.O. D.O.

Ex : She gave Matt and Paul a game to play. PRACTICE Directions: Box the verb, underline the direct object, and double underline the indirect object. 1. His boss gave Kenny a calculator. 2. Kenny handed Elaine the pile of work. 3. She brought her co-worker the data. 4. Kenny showed his boss the

spreadsheet. A. Transitive Verb has a direct object A.V. D.O. Ex 1: Elizabeth consumed two A.V. dessert. cookies for D.O. D.O. Ex 2: She ate a cookie and a brownie.

B. Intransitive Verb object does not have a direct A.V. Ex: Elizabeth ate quickly. Simple Tenses A. Present Tense--tells that something is happening now or repeatedlyEx: I see. B. Past Tense--an action that has already happened

Ex: I saw. C. Future Tense--an action that will take place Ex: I will see. Tense- is a verb form that shows the time of an action or condition Principle Parts of Verbs Every verb has four basic forms called its principle parts:

The The The The present present participle past past participle call (is) calling (has) called called

Principal Parts of Verbs watch is watching watched has watched wait Practice: 1. She was named the principal of the school.Past participle 2. He performed his solo in past front of the school.

3. We love to listen to him sing. present 4. She is singing for them. Present participle PERFECT TENSE A. PERFECT--made up of a form of have and the past participle of the main verb 1. Present Perfect Tense--expresses an action that happened at an indefinite time in the past or that started in the past and is still happening in the present

Ex: Daryl had jumped. 2. Past Perfect--expresses an action that was complete before another past action Ex: Daryl had jumped. 3. Future Perfect--expresses an action that will be completed in the future before some other future event Ex: Daryl will

have jumped. Base Word Present PERFECT taste jump wash talk PERFECT Past

PERFECT Future Irregular verbs are verbs whose past and past participle are not formed by adding ed or d to the present. The five sections of this chart show different patterns used to form the past and past participle of many irregular verbs. Present Group 1 Forms of the present, past and past participle are all the same Group 2 The forms of past and past participle are the same

Group 3 The past participle is formed by adding n or -en to the past. Group 4 The past participle is formed from the present, often by adding n, -ne, or -en hit hurt let put set split

bring catch lead sit break lie speak steal wear do drive eat fall go know

See take throw Group 5 The last vowel changes from i in the present to a in the past and to u in the past participle. begin drink ring swim Past

hurt set brought caught led sat stole wore fell went knew Saw

threw began rang Past Participle Has, Have, Had before the verb (have) hit (have) (have) (have) put (have) (have) split (have)

(have) (have) (have) (have) broken (have) lain (have)spoken (have) (have) (have) done (have) driven (have) eaten (have) (have) (have) (have)

(have) taken (have) (have) (have) drunk (have) (have) Example for Group Practice Hit Present John hit his sister on the head with a ball. Past John hit Tommy yesterday on the bus. Past Participle John had hit Kayla on the bus

yesterday too. PRACTICE Directions: Tell the past & past 6. burst burst participle. (have, has, had) 1. Drink drank 2. Know drunk knew

(have, has, had) burst 7. choose chose (have, has, had) (have, has, had) known 3. Blow chosen blew 8. speak spoke (have, has, had) (have, has, had)

blown 4. Swing 9. see swung (have, spoken saw (have, has, had) has, had) seen swung 5. fly 10. eat flew ate (have, has, had) (have, has, had)

flown eaten

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