Unit 6D: Reversible and irreversible changes Unit 6D: Reversible and irreversible changes Unit 6D: Reversible and irreversible changes Reversible and irreversible changes Unit 6D: Reversible and irreversible changes Unit 5D: Vocabulary Some useful words Reversible change a change that can go forwards or backwards, for example
melting and freezing Irreversible a change that cannot go back, for example burning Soluble a material that dissolves Insoluble a material that doesnt dissolve Unit 6D: Reversible and irreversible changes Unit 6D: Mixing Materials Mixing Materials
You are to mix the following materials with water and record your observations. The materials are: Sand Salt Plaster of Paris Flour Powder paint Baking powder Unit 6D: Mixing Materials: L.O. 1,2 : N.C. Unit 6D: Mixing Materials Mixing Materials support slide
Material Soluble Insoluble Sand Flour Salt Powder paint Plaster of Paris Baking powder Unit 6D: Mixing Materials: L.O. 1,2 : N.C. Observations
Unit 6D: Separating Insoluble Materials Separating Insoluble Materials Sand and water Salt and water How can we separate each? Describe how you would separate the sand from the water. Then describe how you would separate the salt from the water Now you can carry out the practical Unit 6D: Separating Insoluble Materials: L.O. 3: N.C Unit 6D: Separating Rock Salt Separating Rock Salt Extension Rock salt is a mixture of small rocks and salt, it is often used on roads when it is icy to provide
grip and to melt the ice. Using your knowledge of dissolving, filtering and evaporating separate a sample of rock salt so you are left with a pile of rock and a pile of salt. You will find the following apparatus useful: Funnel, filter paper, beakers, Bunsen burner or water heater. Salt dissolves in water Dissolved substances will pass through filter paper Dissolved solids are left behind when water evaporate Unit 6D: Separating Rock Salt (Extension) Unit 6D: Irreversible changes Irreversible changes Cement
Vinegar & Bicarbonate of Soda Describe what happens in each of the examples. Do you think these can be reversed? These are difficult to reverse as new products have been made. Unit 6D: Irreversible changes: L.O. 4, 5: N.C: Unit 6D: Heating Materials Heating Materials Heating some materials causes them to change Do you think they can be easily reversed? Unit 6D: Heating materials: L.O. 6: N.C. Unit 6D: Cooling Materials
Cooling Materials Cooling some materials causes them to change Will the egg and the bread change when they cool? What happens to the water as it is cooled? What happens to the steam as it is cooled? Can the changes be easily reversed? Unit 6D: Cooling Materials: L.O. 7: N.C: Unit 6D: Burning Materials Burning Materials Do you think that the ash is the only material produced by burning the paper? Gas is also produced. What is the difference between heating an object and burning an object? Do you think that when an object is burned the process can be reversed?
Can you think of other everyday examples of objects burning? Unit 6D: Burning Materials: L.O. 8: N.C: Unit 6D: Burning Burning A material is burned the change is irreversible New materials are produced when materials are burned. These are often hazardous. Produce a poster warning people of the dangers of the fumes given off by burning materials in the home. Unit 6D: Burning: L.O. 9, 10: N.C: Unit 6D: Summary
Filtering Mixing Easily reversed Evaporating Heating i rs ve Re Heating ing
g an Ch at m s ial r e Cooling e bl
Burning Cooling Reversible & Irreversible Changes New materials formed le rs ib Burning Irr e
ve Cannot be removed Irreversible Involves a reaction Unit 6D: Reversible and irreversible changes - summary New materials formed Gas often given off
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