Unit 1 Review S6E5 Minerals, Rocks & Earths Layers 1. Choose the answer that provides the best definition of a Mineral. A. Man made, organic, with a physical composition, and crystals inside B. Naturally occurring, inorganic solid, with a crystal structure, and a definite chemical composition
Naturally occurring, organic solid, with a variable composition, and a crystalline structure 2. Which of the is considered the building blocks of rock? A. Fossils B. Sand C. Minerals D. Water
3. Plants, animals, and people are living things. What is a synonym for materials that were once part of one of these living things? A. Organic B. Inorganic C. Clastic Chemical
4. Quartz & Mica are minerals that break differently. Quartz breaks unevenly & with jagged pieces, while Mica breaks in flat sheet. These demonstrate the physical properties of __ & __. A. Density & Luster B. Hardness &
Streak C. Inorganic & Organic D. Cleavage & Fracture 5. The way light reflects off the surface of a Mineral is known as __. A. Hardness B. Magnetism C. Luster
D. Color 6. Rocks are generally classified according to ___. A. Their mineral content B. Their color C. How they form D. Where they are found 7. ___ rocks
form when lava or magma cools, hardens, and crystallizes. A. Metamorphic B. Igneous C. Sedimentary 8. True or False? Rocks that are harder likely have
softer minerals that make up the rock. A. True B. False 9. True or False? Metamorphic rock forms when heat & pressure deep underground change an existing rock
into a new rock. A. True B. False 10. Which process would create sediments from a rock formation? A. Heat & Pressure
B. Weathering & Erosion C. Deposition, Compaction & Cementation D. Melting 11. If your family visits the Grand Canyon and observes layers of many different colors & types of sediment, which type of rock are you observing?
A. Metamorphic Rock B. Igneous Rock C. Sedimentary Rock 12. A volcanologist is working at a new volcanic site. She observes the rock and notices a finegrained texture and a dark color. The type of rock based on this evidence would mostly likely be
___. A. Intrusive Igneous B. Extrusive Igneous C. Foliated Metamorphic D. Clastic Sedimentary 13. Gneiss is a type of rock with crystals that are flattened to form parallel lines. Based on
this information, this rock would most likely be ___. A. Organic Sedimentary B. Foliated Metamorphic C. Extrusive Igneous D. Nonfoliated Metamorphic 14. If a sedimentary rock is put under extreme heat & pressure to the
point that it melted back into magma, based on the rock cycle, what classification of rock would it become next? A. Metamorphic B. Igneous C. Sedimentary D. There is no way to tell
15. The processes shown in the picture would produce which classificatio n of rock? A. Metamorphic B. Igneous C. Sedimentary D. It is impossible to
tell 16. What is the process in which dissolved minerals crystallize & glue sediment together? A. Erosion B. Deposition C. Compaction D. Cementation
17. Running water, ice, and wind loosen & carry away rock fragments. What is this process called? A. Erosion B. Deposition C. Compaction D. Cementation
18. What is the process by which sediment settles out of the wind, water, or ice carrying it? A. Erosion B. Deposition C. Compaction D. Cementation 19. What
process presses sediment together? A. Erosion B. Deposition C. Compaction D. Cementation 20. Small solid pieces of rock or living things are __. A. Chemical Rocks
B. Sediment C. Foliated Metamorphic Rocks D. Clastic Rocks 21. Sedimentar y rock where rock fragments are cemented together is __. A. Clastic B. Organic
C. Chemical 22. Sedimentary rock that forms where the remains of plants or animals are deposited in thick layers is __. A. Clastic B. Organic
C. Chemical 23. Sedimentar y rock that is formed when dissolved minerals crystallize is ___. A. Clastic B. Organic C.
Chemical 24. Which of the following statements are true? A. As you go deeper into the Earth, pressure increases B. As you go deeper into the Earth, temperature increases C. As you go deeper into the Earth, density increases D. All of the above are true 17. Sarah is
explaining the thickness of the layers of Earth of Max. She is using the example, Its like the eggshell of a boiled egg, compared to the rest of the egg. Which layer is she explaining? A. Crust B. Mantle
C. Outer Core D. Inner Core 25. Use the diagram to help answer the questions about the layers of Earth 1. Thickest: 2. Densest: 3. Thinnest: 4. Hottest: 5. Solid Metal
Ball: 6. Liquid Metal: 7. Melted Rock: 25. Use the diagram to help answer the questions about the layers of Earth 1. Thickest: Mantle
2. Densest: Inner core 3. Thinnest: Crust 4. Hottest: Inner Core 5. Solid Metal Ball: Inner Core 6. Liquid Metal: Outer Core 7. Melted Rock: Mantle 26. An animal dies, is buried quickly, and millions of years pass. Explain
which type of rock you can find the fossil of the animal & why. Be sure to explain why it cant be found in the other 2 types of rock. Remember: 1. Explain which type of rock you can find the fossil of the animal & why. 2. Explain why it cant be found
in the other 2 types of rock. Sedimentary rock only because as the plant or animal dies layers of sediment cover and protect it from scavengers. Fossils are not found in Igneous rock because the heat of the lava and/or magma would burn and destroy the plant or animal. Fossils are not found in Metamorphic rock because these rocks are formed deep beneath the Earths surface from the processes of extreme
27. Use a Venn Diagram to show & explain the relationship between rocks & minerals
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