Types of Sentences

Types of Sentences

Simple = IC Compound = IC + IC Complex = IC + DC Compound-Complex = IC + IC + DC + ? Simple Sentences A Simple Sentence = ONE Independent Clause Marina travels to Amsterdam every year in

the summer time. This is a simple sentence. It contains one subject Mariana and Complicated but Still Simple A simple sentence isnt always going to be short. Some sentences may be long but can still be simple because they

contain one independent clause. Ex: After the first day of class, one of my new students desperately asked his counselors for a transfer to a class with a nicer, easier teacher. The Compound Sentence A compound sentence has the following structure: Independent Clause + Independent Clause = Compound Sentence

These two clauses are usually joined in two ways: 1. by a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) and a comma (,) 2. a semi-colon (;) Compound Example Martin wanted to go fishing, but Alice wanted to go skiing. This is a compound sentence. It contains two independent clauses (Martin wanted

to go fishing and Alice wanted to go skiing), which are joined by a coordinating The Complex Sentence Independent Clause + Dependent Clause = Complex Sentence Although she worked hard, she could not earn enough money.

Example: The CompoundComplex Sentence The compound-complex sentence has the following structure: Its too complex for her! Independent clause + independent clause + dependent clause It does not

have to= becompound-complex in that order. A dependent clause can sentence stand in between two independent clauses. The rule is there should be at least two independent and at least one dependent clause in a compound-complex sentence. Compound-Complex Example Although she worked hard,

she could not earn enough money, and she was unable to pay her rent. Here, we added an extra clause to the complex sentence we used earlier she was unable to pay her rent. Adding this independent clause with the coordinating conjunction and makes this a compound-complex sentence. Identify the following types of sentences: 1. Carols trip to Spain was one of the

best experiences that Carol had 2. during Althoughcollege. the volcano erupted long ago, the collapsed mountaintop formed a lake bed, and it is still hot. 3. I have always looked forward to my summer vacations. 4. Noorie plays basketball on Saturdays, and she goes fishing on Sundays.

Answers 1. Carols trip to Spain was one of the best experiences that she during This is ahad complex sentence:

college. Carols trip to Spain was one of the best experiences = independent clause That she had during college = 2. Although the volcano erupted long ago, the collapsed mountaintop formed a lake bed, and it is still hot. Compound-Complex sentence: Although the volcano erupted long

ago = dependent clause The collapsed mountaintop formed a lake bed = independent clause. it is still hot = independent clause. 3. I have always looked forward to my summer vacations. Simple Sentence: I have always looked forward to my summer vacations =

independent clause. 4. Noorie plays basketball on Saturdays, and she goes fishing on Sundays. Compound sentence: Noorie plays basketball on Saturdays = independent clause. And = coordinating conjunction She goes fishing on Sundays = independent clause.

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