Trauma Informed Care & Effective Screening

Trauma Informed Care & Effective Screening

Trauma Informed Care & Effective Screening Christine Heyen, MA Crime Victims Services Division Oregon Department of Justice Association of Public Health Nursing Supervisors Annual Conference May 9, 2012 Imagine a place that Asks What happened to you? instead of

What is wrong with you? Understands past trauma can be triggered by experiences in the present Is committed to supporting people as they heal Leaves a person feeling edified What is trauma? Trauma is an event that is extremely upsetting and at least temporarily overwhelms internal resources. Briere, J. (2006). Dissociative symptoms and trauma exposure:

Specificity, affect dysregulation, and posttraumatic stress. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 194, 78-82. What is Trauma? It can be a single event More often than not it is multiple events over time (complex, prolonged trauma) An interpersonal violence or violation, especially at the hands of an authority/trust figure is especially damaging What does trauma do to us?

Chronic trauma interferes with neurobiological development and the capacity to integrate sensory, emotional and cognitive information into a cohesive whole. Developmental trauma sets the stage for unfocused responses to Bessel A. van der Kolk , MD http://www.traumacenter.org/products/pdf_files/Preprint_D ev_Trauma_Disorder.pdf ACE Study http://www.cdc.gov/ace/index.htm Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE)

Study Traditional Approach vs. Trauma Theory Traditional approach You are sick You are bad You are sick and bad Trauma theory You are not sick or bad You are injured Trauma Informed Care (TIC)

Trauma-Informed Care is a strengths-based framework that is grounded in an understanding of and responsiveness to the impact of trauma, that emphasizes physical, psychological, and emotional safety for both providers and survivors to rebuild a sense of control and empowerment. (Hopper et al, 2010) Trauma-informed organizations, programs, and services are based on an understanding of the vulnerabilities or triggers of trauma survivors that traditional service delivery approaches may exacerbate, so that these services and programs can be more supportive and avoid re-traumatization. (SAMHAS) What does TIC offer?

Improves our desired outcomes Supports trauma recovery by Reducing re-traumatization Providing corrective emotional experience Decreases our own vicarious trauma or compassion fatigue Core Principles of TIC Awareness: Everyone knows the role of trauma Safety: Ensuring physical and emotional safety Trustworthiness: Maximizing trustworthiness,

making tasks clear, and maintaining appropriate boundaries Choice: Respect and prioritize consumer choice and control Collaboration: Maximizing collaboration and sharing of power with consumers Empowerment: Prioritizing consumer empowerment and skill-building TIC Communication Style Transactional Focus on information exchange

Transactional with Social Talk Mostly information exchange with some social talk (e.g. joking, comment on weather) Interactional Focus on rapport-building and interpersonal relationship integrated with the information exchange https:// nchdv.confex.com/nchdv/2012/webprogram/Session2199. html Tips for Practicing TIC Use language the person recognizes

Has your partner messed with your birth control? Meet the survivor where they are If a person is not ready to talk, do not force the conversation. Rather keep the door open for a later time. Consider the persons cultural context Avoid making assumptions just ask! Tips for Practicing TIC Recognize adaptive behaviors serve a purpose

Why is a person chronically miss morning appointments? Is the morning the only time she can sleep? Does she have a traumatic brain injury that prevents her from remembering things? Make adjustments to help that person succeed. Set appointment times for the afternoon. Include everyone in your agency From receptionist to treatment staff Provide trauma training to every employee How do we provide TIC? Listen

What is the survivor saying to you? What is the survivor not saying? How is the survivor saying it? Inform What information do you have that may help her? What will happen next in the process? Why is the information important for her to have? How can your services can help her?

How do we provide TIC? To the best of your ability and within your given time constraints: Lose the labels Let her tell her story Give her time and space to tell her story Let the survivor lead Respect her voice and choice Recognize the survivors comfort level Consider the survivors perspective from her cultural context Quick & Easy

Offer support and validation Communicate care and concern Avoid passing judgement Ask questions of the survivor Find out if she is experiencing some kind of violence or coercion in her life Listen to what she has to say Resist interrupting her Make sure your body language is receptive Offer information and assistance Give her a resource card, a phone number, or a website

Refer her to an advocate (warm hand-off) Tell her you are available to her in the future Resources Trauma and Trauma Informed Care http://www.trainingforums.org/lms/ Trauma Informed Care PowerPoint presentation by Mandy A. Davis, LCSW, Portland State University http://www.doj.state.or.us/victims/pdf/trauma_i nformed_care_presentation_outline.pdf

Futures Without Violence http://www.futureswithoutviolence.org/ Resources Supporting health needs of women in shelter: Exploring traumatic brain injury and reproductive coercion https:// nchdv.confex.com/nchdv/2012/webprogram/Session2192.html Violence and reproductive coercion: Assessment strategies

for pregnant women, and client feedback to inform what works https:// nchdv.confex.com/nchdv/2012/webprogram/Session2199.html The 6th Biennial National Conference on Health and Domestic Violence (March 29-31, 2012) https:// nchdv.confex.com/nchdv/2012/webprogram/meeting.html

Resources Community Connections Creating Cultures of Trauma Informed Care http://communityconnectionsdc.org/web/page/673/interi or.html Trauma-Informed Organizational Toolkit http://www.familyhomelessness.org/media/90.pdf Trauma-Informed Care; Best Practices and Protocols

for Ohios Domestic Violence Programs http://www.odvn.org/images/stories/FinalTICManual.pdf Creating Cultures of Trauma-Informed Care; A Self- Assessment and Planning Protocol http://www.annafoundation.org/CCTICSELFASSPP.pdf Resources Trauma-Informed Care - PowerPoint http:// www.mhcc.org.au/ticp/research-papers/Risser-2008.pdf Shelter from the Storm: Trauma Informed Care in

Homelessness Services Settings - Article http://homeless.samhsa.gov/ResourceFiles/cenfdthy.pdf Adverse Childhood Experience Study http://www.acestudy.org/ Community Re-Traumatization - Article http:// www.annafoundation.org/COMMUNITY%20RETRAUMA TIZATION.pdf Contact Information

Christine Heyen, MA Oregon Department of Justice Crime Victims Services Division 1162 Court Street NE Salem, OR 97301 (503) 378-5303 [email protected]

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Reducing Serious Injuries in Residence Halls with Informed

    Reducing Serious Injuries in Residence Halls with Informed

    116115 Kansas City Art Institute. Student jumped out of a bunk bed and cut foot on a box. ... 123045 Spring Hill College. ... Student left a box of clothes in the hallway while she was moving into the dorm....
  • ED Pain Management - azcjc.gov

    ED Pain Management - azcjc.gov

    Candy man vs. Uncaring. Bridge vs. Supplier. Low physician satisfaction. ... For exacerbation of chronic pain, the PMP should be contacted. Patient should receive only enough pills to last until the office opens. ... ED Pain Management
  • Broadcast Issues in 802.15.4 - IEEE Standards Association

    Broadcast Issues in 802.15.4 - IEEE Standards Association

    Problem 2: Support of Broadcasts The current specification offers no means to broadcast messages from higher layers. In a beacon-enabled network, the only way a coordinator can communicate with a child node is by indirect message transfer (by placing a...
  • Economic and Political Risk Evaluator OXFORD ECONOMICS AND

    Economic and Political Risk Evaluator OXFORD ECONOMICS AND

    Economic and Political Risk Evaluator The Economic and Political Risk Evaluator identifies and monitors the risks of doing business in 164 countries. It is a platform for analysing economic and geopolitical risks through regularly updated ratings, in-depth profiles and event-driven...
  • Lord of the Flies NarrativeWriting Assignment

    Lord of the Flies NarrativeWriting Assignment

    Narrative Letter Writing Assignment. You are to write an imagined narrative in letter format that chronicles your time on the . island, including your thoughts, feelings and most cherished memories from home. The . letters . must be detailed and...
  • Relatividad - Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez

    Relatividad - Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez

    Relatividad Prof. Luis Torres Objetivo terminal: Al finalizar la discusión: Ampliarán sus conocimientos físicos sobre la importancia de la relatividad en la investigación científica. Demostrarán su dominio en la resolución de problemas relacionados con fórmulas dentro del proceso de relatividad.
  • Motion

    Motion

    thermochemical equation . is a balanced chemical equation that includes the physical states of all reactants and products, and energy change. The . enthalpy (heat) of combustion . of a substance is the enthalpy change for the complete burning of...
  • Quantum Jamming in the  0 limit Jamming Peter

    Quantum Jamming in the 0 limit Jamming Peter

    understanding = 0 jamming at "point J" may have implications for understanding the glass transition at finite shear stress shear viscosity of a flowing granular material velocity gradient shear viscosity if jamming is like a critical point we expect above...