Private Sector Engagement in Responding to the Use of the Internet and ICT for Terrorist Purposes Strengthening Dialogue and Building Trust April 2017 Presentation by Adam Hadley [email protected] Objectives of the joint ICT4Peace and UN CTED project in 2016 Phase 1: April December 2016 - The purpose of Phase 1 was to deepen the knowledge base: 1. Identify and analyse existing and emerging threats 2. Understand industry approaches and the principles and norms
3. Understand trends in multi-stakeholder and public-private engagement 4. Scope appropriate mechanisms / platforms for knowledge sharing How? Consultations via three workshops in Zurich, Kuala Lumpur, and Silicon Valley with major stakeholders from the ICT industry, civil society, and inter-governmental agencies + interviews + desk research. - We reported our initial findings to a Special Meeting of the UN CTC in Dec 2016 and there was a further follow-up with the CTC in Feb. 2017 2 We presented our summary report for Phase 1 at the UN in Dec techagainstterrorism.org
Google: UN private sector engagement ICT For Peace 3 Our advisory group: Leading technology companies and a range of academic, civil society, and inter-governmental organisations 4 ICT4Peace Global workshops: Industry representatives from technology, media, telecommunications, finance, and advisory 5 ICT4Peace Global workshops held in 2016: Governments and inter-governmental organisations were key stakeholders 6
ICT4Peace Global workshops held in 2016: Leading civil society organisations and human rights groups were prominent 7 ICT4Peace Global workshops held in 2016: Academic institutions and think tanks contributed papers for each of the meetings 8 Based on the principle of openness, major technology companies now regularly produce Transparency Reports 9 Industry responses: Other concerns raised in our consultations Legitimacy Legitimacy of
of the the private private sector sector in in terms terms of of shaping shaping norms norms of of behaviour behaviour Limited Limited evidential evidential basis basis for for responses
responses // what what does does or or does does not not work work Respecting Respecting human human rights rights Small Small companies companies have have limited
limited capacity, capacity, resources, resources, knowledge knowledge of of the the issues issues Disconnect Disconnect between between ONLINE ONLINE and and OFFLINE OFFLINE PVE PVE efforts efforts Limited
Limited investment investment in in long-term long-term education education and and critical critical thinking thinking 10 Conclusions from Phase I of the project The private sector is developing sophisticated capability to counter the use of technology by terrorists including through take downs In some regions there is risk a of over-regulation by States measures by governments should be proportionate to the size of the danger and not over-react to the problem The private sector is already supporting the emergence of a
voluntary framework e.g. self-regulation Public-private partnerships are successful more support is required to build capacity for smaller technology companies and some States 11 Phase I Recommendations: In Phase II we will focus on the two major recommendations from the initial phase of the project 1. Build on existing policy initiatives and avoid duplication of effort 2. Strengthen dialogue on the emerging normative framework through multi-stakeholder engagement (policy & tech liaison) 3.
Promote coordination between inter-governmental initiatives 4. Establish a Global Knowledge Sharing/ Capacity Building Platform focused on Policy & Practice and raise awareness 5. Build capacity between companies, gov. agencies, civil society etc. 6. Strengthen the Links Between Offline Prevention Efforts and Online Content Management and Counter-Narrative Efforts 7. Support data-driven research on effectiveness
8. Promote Critical Thinking and Media/ Digital Literacy 12 There are two workstreams in Phase II: (1) Multi-stakeholder engagement and (2) Building the Knowledge Sharing Platform 11 22 Multi-Stakeholder Knowledge Networks Strengthening Dialogue and Building Trust through establishing topic-specific Knowledge Networks and related workshops / consultations Objectives: 1. Support continued dialogue around emerging policy, principles and norms
2. Share experiences, lessons, policy and practice on public-private partnerships 3. Focus on practical capacity building in 5 areas: the Knowledge Networks are: Startups, Finance, Legal, Social Impact & CVE, States that need Capacity Building Knowledge Sharing Platform (KSP) Objectives: 1. Leverage Knowledge Networks to inform practical capacity-building requirements 2. Create a resource to consolidate findings and recommendations from Workstream 1 Knowledge Networks 3. Build a tool to help stakeholders build capacity and improve their ability to counter the use of technology by terrorists The KSP will have thematic focus based on the Knowledge Networks and stakeholders Content / functionality for the KSP:
- Norms, standards, principles (Sample Terms of Service, sample government legislation) - Examples of similar initiatives & research 13 techagainstterrorism.org 14 In Phase II we will focus on the Startup, State, and ToS workstreams however we will also support additional activities Main Main focus focus for for Phase Phase IIII Startups London pilot
SV pilot Voluntary Pledge Algorithmic solutions Social Impact & CounterMessaging Workshop in Zurich Conference in NYC States needing support Workshops in Kg, Korea, Tunisia, Moscow
Knowledge Networks Terms of Service Financial Services Civil Society Law schools Academics Payments FinTech Investment
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