The Toulmin Model: 6 Elements

The Toulmin Model: 6 Elements

Meaning: 30-15-10 List Prefix Examples: mistake misunderstand Prefix: Class Examples: Visual/Memory Clue Mis Meaning Mis Wrong Mono

Alone, single, one Non not Ob In front of, against Omni Everywhere, all Meaning: Meaning: Examples: nonsense nonissue

Examples: Monotone Monopoly Prefix: Class Examples: Visual/Memory Clue Mono Prefix: Non Class Examples: Visual/Memory Clue Meaning: Meaning: Examples:

Omnipresent Omniscient Examples: Obvious Obtrude Prefix: Class Examples: Visual/Memory Clue Ob Prefix: Omni Class Examples: Visual/Memory Clue The Toulmin Model: 6 Elements Term

Function Claim Arguable assertions Conclusion whose merit we are seeking to establish First hand or second hand proof Support (evidence) Warrant (assumption) Backing Expresses the assumption shared by the speaker and the audience Links the claim to the evidence Similar to the minor premise Further assurances or data Without, the assumption lacks authority

Qualifier tempers the claim; makes it less absolute EX: usually, maybe, probably, most likely Reservation Explains the terms and conditions necessitated by the qualifier The Toulmin Model: 6 Elements Evidence Assumption Claim Qualifier Reservation

Backing Because (evidence as support), therefore (claim), since (assumption), on account of (backing), unless (reservation). The Toulmin Model: 6 Elements Evidence: (it is raining) Assumption (an umbrella will keep me dry) Claim (I should take my umbrella) Qualifier (probably) Reservation (unless it has a hole in

it) Backing (the material is waterproof) Because (evidence as support), therefore (claim), since (assumption), on account of (backing), unless (reservation). The Toulmin Model: 6 Elements Think-Pair-Share Evidence Assumption Claim Qualifier Reservation

Backing Because (evidence as support), therefore (claim), since (assumption), on account of (backing), unless (reservation). The Toulmin Model: 6 Elements Think-Pair-Share 1) Grades should be abolished because they add stress to the learning experience. 1)Identify the assumption that would link the claim to its support. 2)Use the format: Because (evidence as support), therefore (claim), since (assumption), on account of (backing), unless (reservation). The Toulmin Model: 6 Elements Think-Pair-Share

2) Until you buy me a diamond, I wont know that you love me! 1)Identify the assumption that would link the claim to its support. 2)Use the format: Because (evidence as support), therefore (claim), since (assumption), on account of (backing), unless (reservation). The Toulmin Model: 6 Elements Think-Pair-Share 3) If we want to decrease gang violence, we should legalize drugs. 1)Identify the assumption that would link the claim to its support. 2)Use the format: Because (evidence as support), therefore (claim), since (assumption), on account of (backing), unless

(reservation). The Toulmin Model: 6 Elements Think-Pair-Share 4) You must obey her because she is your mother. 1)Identify the assumption that would link the claim to its support. 2)Use the format: Because (evidence as support), therefore (claim), since (assumption), on account of (backing), unless (reservation). The Toulmin Model: 6 Elements Think-Pair-Share 5) Wifi should be available to everyone without cost since the Internet has become a vital part of our lives. 1)Identify the assumption that would link the claim to its support. 2)Use the format:

Because (evidence as support), therefore (claim), since (assumption), on account of (backing), unless (reservation). 3) What topic does the visual address or raise? Does the visual make a claim about the topic? 4) Does the text tell or suggest a narrative or a story? If so, what is the point? 5) What emotions does the visual text evoke? How do color or light and shadow contribute to evoking emotion? 6) Are the figures realistic, caricatures, distorted? What is the effect? www.polyp.org.uk; first appeared in Ethical Consumer magazine

1) Where did the visual first appear? Who is the audience? Who is the speaker? Does this person have political or organizational affiliations that are important to understand the text? 2) What do you notice first? Where is your eye drawn? What is your overall first impression? 7) Are any of images visual allusions that would evoke emotions or memories in viewers? 8) What cultural values are viewers likely to bring to the image? 9) What claim does the visual make about the issue(s) it addresses? The Steerage 1907 Alfred Stieglitz 1) What is steerage? 2) Who (what class) is aboard ship on the deck? 3) Where is your eye drawn to first with this

photograph? Why? 4) What do you make of the symbolic nature of the empty gangway? 5) What does this picture say about separation? Segregation? 6) What story is the photo telling? 7) What similarities and differences do you notice among the two groups? 8) Why do you think the photographer chose to take the picture while the gangway was empty? 9) Why do you suppose we see the group in the top more straight on, face-to-face, while the people in the lower level in many instances have their backs to us? 10) What mood does this moment frozen in time suggest? 11) How does the evocation of mood ass to the pathos of this scene? 12) What claim-or claims-does Stieglitz make through this visual image?

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