The Sophists

The Sophists

Aristophanes Clouds Sophistic Under Attack Agenda Epideixis Oral Report In-Class Debate (+ Epideictic Exhibition) Topoi, Figures, Argumentation

Aristophanes Clouds Better Argument versus Worse Argument 21-Mar 2017 Aristophanes Clouds 2 Epideixis Topoi, Figures, Argumentation 21-Mar 2017 Aristophanes Clouds 3

Epitaphic topoi: Gorgias, Periclean FO The speakers challenge May I find the power to say what I wish! May I find the wish to say what I must! Cf. For it is hard to speak properly upon a subject where it is even difficult to convince your hearers that you are speaking the truth (Thuc. 2.35.1, Perseus) Sense of loss . . . though they have died, the loss we feel has not. Cf. Pericles in his funeral oration [for the fallen at Samos] said that the loss to the city of its young men was as if someone had taken spring from the year (Aristotle Rhetoric 1365a31-33) The good death their trophy of triumph, their gift to the god the sacrifice of themselves. cf. They laid [their valor] at her feet as the most glorious contribution that they could offer (Thuc. 2.43.1, Perseus)

21-Mar 2017 Aristophanes Clouds 4 Fragmentum epideicticum What better example than for a young man to come home and see the work of his father? What better example than for a young man to come home and see the sacrifice of his father his father, who, together with his fellow workers, formed the backbone of this city. The foundation of the city was built through hard work and dedication like that of his father. And yet what worse example than for a young man to come home and see his father as merely one who takes, as one who does not provide.

epanaphora, epanastrophe antithesis with preceding 21-Mar 2017 Aristophanes Clouds 5 Play Facts Produced 423

2nd ed. ca. 419-16 BCE Characters Strepsiades (Twister) Pheidippides (Horse-thrifty) Chorus of Clouds and 21-Mar 2017 Aristophanes Clouds 6 Analysis prologue (pp. 159 ff.) Str, Pheid, Xanthias (slave) Str, students

Str, Socr parodos (172 ff.) Chorus, Socr, Str scenes (174 ff.) Str, Socr (application) 1st parabasis (185 ff.) scenes (190 ff.) Socr, Str (lesson) Str, Pheid (demonstration) 21-Mar 2017 intro + agon of the 2 logics (203 ff.) 2nd parabasis (215 f.) scenes (dinner interrupted, 217 ff.)

Str, Socr Str, Pheid (demonstration) Str, creditors (drubbing) Str, Pheid (agon, drubbing) exodos (140 ff.) All (arson, drubbing, mayhem) Aristophanes Clouds 7 Oral Report Aristophanes Clouds 21-Mar 2017 Aristophanes Clouds

8 In-Class Debate (+ Epideictic Exhibition) Better Argument versus Worse Argument 21-Mar 2017 Aristophanes Clouds 9

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