The Sonnet - Weebly

The Sonnet - Weebly

Bellringer Check out the following poem by Edna St. Vincent Milay. Jot down anything you notice about the poems form. Love Is Not All Love is not all: it is not meat nor drink Nor slumber nor a roof against the rain; Nor yet a floating spar to men that sink And rise and sink and rise and sink again; Love can not fill the thickened lung with breath, Nor clean the blood, nor set the fractured bone; Yet many a man is making friends with death Even as I speak, for lack of love alone. It well may be that in a difficult hour, Pinned down by pain and moaning for release,

Or nagged by want past resolution's power, I might be driven to sell your love for peace, Or trade the memory of this night for food. It well may be. I do not think I would. The Sonnet The Sonnet A sonnet is a fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter with a carefully patterned rhyme scheme. Other strict, short poetic forms occur in English poetry (the sestina, the villanelle, and the haiku, for example), but none has been used so successfully

by so many different poets. The Sonnet The Italian, or Petrarchan sonnet, named after Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374), the Italian poet, was introduced into English poetry in the early 16th century by Sir Thomas Wyatt (15031542). Its fourteen lines break into an octave (or octet), which usually rhymes abbaabba, but which may sometimes be abbacddc or even (rarely) abababab; and a sestet, which may rhyme xyzxyz or xyxyxy, or any of the multiple variations possible using only two or three rhyme-sounds.

The Sonnet The English or Shakespearean sonnet, developed first by Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1517-1547), consists of three quatrains and a couplet--that is, it rhymes abab cdcd efef gg. The Sonnet The form into which a poet puts his or her words is always something of which the reader ought to take conscious note. And when poets have

chosen to work within such a strict form, that form and its strictures make up part of what they want to say. In other words, the poet is using the structure of the poem as part of the language act: we will find the "meaning" not only in the words, but partly in their pattern as well. The Sonnet The sonnet can be thematically divided into two sections: The first presents the theme, raises an issue or doubt, The second part answers the question, resolves the problem, or drives home the

poem's point. This change in the poem is called the turn and helps move forward the emotional action of the poem quickly. The Sonnet The Italian form, in some ways the simpler of the two, usually projects and develops a subject in the octet, then executes a turn at the beginning of the sestet, so that the sestet can in some way release the tension built up in the octave. Farewell Love and all thy laws for ever

Farewell Love and all thy laws for ever, Thy baited hooks shall tangle me no more; Senec and Plato call me from thy lore To perfect wealth my wit for to endeavour. In blind error when I did persever, Thy sharp repulse, that pricketh aye so sore, Hath taught me to set in trifles no store And scape forth, since liberty is lever. a b b a a b

b a Therefore farewell; go trouble younger hearts And in me claim no more authority; With idle youth go use thy property And thereon spend thy many brittle darts. For hitherto though I have lost all my time, Me lusteth no longer rotten boughs to climb. c d d c e

e - Wyatt Devonshire (1557) The Sonnet The Shakespearean sonnet has a wider range of possibilities. One pattern introduces an idea in the first quatrain, complicates it in the second, complicates it still further in the third, and resolves the whole thing in the final couplet. Sonnet 138 or When My Love Swears that She is Made of Truth

{First quatrain; note the puns and the intellectual games: [I know she lies, so I believe her so that she will believe me to be young and untutored]} Thus vainly thinking that she thinks me young, c {Second quatrain: [Well of course I Although she knows my days are past the best, d know that she doesn't really think I'm young, but I have to pretend to Simply I credit her false speaking tongue: c believe her so that she will pretend On both sides thus is simple truth suppress'd. d that I'm young]} {Third quatrain: [so why don't we But wherefore says she not she is unjust? e both fess up? because love depends

And wherefore say not I that I am old? f upon trust and upon youth]} O, love's best habit is in seeming trust, e {Final couplet, and resolution: And age in love loves not to have years told: f [we lie to ourselves and to each other, so that we may flatter Therefore I lie with her and she with me, g ourselves that we are young, honest, And in our faults by lies we flatter'd be. g and in love]. Note especially the - William Shakespeare puns. When my love swears that she is made of truth a I do believe her, though I know she lies, b

That she might think me some untutor'd youth, a Unlearned in the world's false subtleties. b The Sonnet You can see how this form would attract writers of great technical skill who are fascinated with intellectual puzzles and intrigued by the complexity of human emotions, which become especially tangled when it comes to dealing with the sonnet's traditional subjects, love and faith. The Sonnet

Pay close attention to line-end punctuation, especially at lines four, eight, and twelve, and to connective words like and, or, but, as, so, if, then, when, or which at the beginnings of lines (especially lines five, nine, and thirteen). Review The Italian, or Petrarchan sonnet: Fourteen lines Iambic pentameter

Consists of an octet (eight lines) of two envelope quatrains Usually abba abba, Sometimes abba cddc, Or rarely abab abab; The turn occurs at the end of the octet and is developed and closed in the sestet. And a sestet (six lines) Which may rhyme xyzxyz

Or xyxyxy Review The English or Shakespearean sonnet: Fourteen lines Iambic pentameter Consists of three Sicilian quatrains (four lines) And a heroic couplet (two lines) Rhymes: abab cdcd efef gg The turn comes at or near line 13 Sonnets on Sonnets With a partner, get on your ipads and find a sonnet. There

are a lot of OLD sonnets out there, but there are more modern ones too. Try to find one to your liking. Jot the sonnet and its author down. How does understanding sonnet form help you to understand the sonnet itself? What sort of devices do you see the author using to contribute meaning to the sonnet? How do they work? Heres the real tricky part. Write a review of your sonnet in sonnet form. You may write an English or Italian sonnet, but follow the format as closely as possible.

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