# The Science of Santa:

Science and History of Santa Claus: Have you ever thought about the details of Santas journey? How long does Santa have on Christmas Eve? If Santa were to start delivering gifts at 10 pm on Christmas Eve

and finish at 6 am on Christmas morning, that would give him only 8 hours to deliver presents. Or would it? Santa must circle the globe. How would that affect how many hours he has for his work? International Date Line The date in the Eastern hemisphere (to the left of the Intl Date Line) is always

one day ahead of Hawaii. So, Santa would gain 24 hours if he traveled west, around the globe. So how long does Santa have to deliver presents? If Santa started delivering gifts at 10 pm on Tonga-and finished at 6 am in the Samoa

Islands--how many hours would he have for his deliveries? (Hint: 24 + 8=?) In that time, how many houses does Santa visit? There are about 378 million children whose families celebrate Christmas At an average of 3.5 children per house, that would mean that Santa would visit

91.9 million homes To reach all those houses, Santas flying reindeer must travel at many times the speed of sound. But where did Santa (or St. Nicholas) come from? The historical Saint Nicholas was born in the 3rd century, in a Roman province

that is now part of Turkey Born wealthy, he gave generous gifts to the needy Father Christmas In many countries the spirit of giving associated with Christmas came to be identified

with St. Nicholas, or with a similarly generous figure: Father Christmas St. Nick in Middle Ages This painting, created in 1425, shows St. Nick delivering gifts alone, on foot. Clearly, as the

world population grew, he would need assistance. Santa Claus in the U.S. In 19th century America, a more modern image of Santa evolved Elves helped him manufacture toys Flying reindeer

pulled Santas sleigh each year. Who are Santas elves? English folk tales portray elves as small, elusive spirits with mischievous personalities. The magical powers of elves would help to create millions of

toys for children. Are Santas reindeer girls? Male and female reindeer both grow antlers. But the antlers of older males fall off in December. So, since Santas reindeer have antlers on Christmas, Dasher and Dancer are most

likely girls. Naughty or Nice Establishment of modern mail delivery allows children to write letters directly to Santa, describing gifts they desire But the ultimate decision--naughty

or nice--is Santas

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