The National health priority areas

The National health priority areas

THE NATIONAL HEALTH PRIORITY AREAS Unit 3: Australias health / Area of Study 1 Understanding Australias Health National Health Priority Areas (NHPA) The National Health Priority Areas initiative was

Australia's response to the World Health Organisation's global strategy Health for All by the year 2000 and its subsequent revision. The initial 1996 set of NHPAs included cardiovascular

health, cancer control, injury prevention and control and mental health. Diabetes mellitus was added in 1997, followed by asthma in 1999, arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions in 2002

and obesity in 2008. Arthritis & Musculoskel etal problems Diabet es Mellitus

Asthma Mental Health Cancer Control Injury Preventi

on & Control Cardiovascul ar Health Obesity The Cost to Individuals and Communities

There are three different recognised costs! Direct Costs Indirect Costs Intangible Costs Direct Costs

Include costs that can be accurately quantified and result the prevention, treatment or diagnosis of the disease or illness. Often expressed in monetary terms Indirect Costs Refer to the costs incurred by an individual, their family or community

because of the consequences that the illness may have on an individuals work and social activities. Intangible Costs Not associated with a dollar value Include pain and suffering

Emotional cost Direct costs to the community The cost of health care services The cost of pharmaceuticals The cost of prevention strategies Indirect cost to the community Unpaid care Reduced or lost productivity

Absenteeism Intangible costs to the community Loss of an individual from a community due to premature death emotional pain and suffering experienced by others Direct costs for individuals The cost of medical care

Ambulance Pharmaceutical expenses Indirect costs for individuals Travel costs related to receiving treatment & care Loss or partial loss of current and future earnings Additional services now needed Intangible costs for individuals

Pain and suffering Anxiety and stress due to reduced productivity Loss of time Loss of quality of life

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