TEAMWORK UNIT 1 LEADERSHIP Health Science Ms. Thieman 2013-2014 RATIONALE HEALTHCARE WORKERS FUNCTION AS TEAM MEMBERS, AND WORK WITH PEOPLE FROM DIVERSE BACKGROUNDS. QUALITY HEALTHCARE DEPENDS ON THE ABILITY TO WORK WELL WITH OTHERS. OBJECTIVES UPON COMPLETION OF THIS LESSON, THE STUDENT WILL BE ABLE TO: INVESTIGATE THE ASPECTS OF CONSENSUS AND TRY TO UTILIZE IT AS A DECISION-MAKING TOOL.
ENGAGE HAVE STUDENTS BRAINSTORM THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: WHEN DO PEOPLE HAVE TO WORK AS A TEAM? WHAT HAPPENS WHEN PEOPLE DONT WORK AS A TEAM? WHO SUFFERS WHEN PEOPLE DONT WORK AS A TEAM?
MONTAGE http://youtu.be/OERgoDcJ3_o GROUP DYNAMICS INDIVIDUALS ASSUME VARIOUS ROLES WHEN IN A GROUP SOME ARE ELECTED TO LEADERSHIP ROLES SUCH AS: PRESIDENT VICE PRESIDENT SECRETARY TREASURER
MORE INFORMAL ROLES ARE ASSUMED BY ALL GROUP MEMBERS & MAY INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING INFORMAL ROLES INFORMATION SEEKER Asks questions Looks for new ideas May sound doubtful Is willing to research topics and issues Is open to new ideas
TENSION RELIEVER Encourages risk taking Uses humor to relieve the tension Maintains a steady, calming attitude Looks for consensus during arguments CLARIFIER Connects disparate ideas into new wholes Creates visual interpretations of the data Orders and organizes discussion items Is an analytical and critical thinker MORE INFORMAL ROLES
INITIATOR Organizes the discussion into a practical plan of action Is good at assigning tasks and delegating actions Is very goal- and performance-oriented Is always enthusiastic and positive about the future GATEKEEPER
Knows the rules in depth Watches the clock Keeps everyone in line Challenges new ideas Needs to be convinced HARMONIZER Serves as the group cheerleader Minimizes conflicts and differences of opinion Looks out for the feelings of all group members Is enthusiastic and caring
FINAL INFORMAL ROLES FOLLOWER Wants to do something concrete Waits for the experts to tell him or her what to do Always supports the initiators in the group INFORMATION GIVER Comes to all meetings with all the notes and hand-outs from previous meetings Is always careful to state all the pertinent facts Is very detailed-oriented Never forgets information but may forget how you felt about something
ROLES ARE DETERMINED BY PERSONALITIES, QUALITIES, AND VALUES THAT WE HAVE AS INDIVIDUALS. SOME OF THE QUALITIES INCLUDE: TRUST SENSITIVITY BELIEF IN CONSENSUS PRIDE IN THE ORGANIZATION VALUE OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES PROMPTNESS ORGANIZATION ENTHUSIASM CRITICAL THINKING
REMEMBE R http://youtu.be/S02D9QzDe4s CONSENSUS PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDURE IS THE RULE BY MAJORITY. MAJORITY RULE IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE IF A CONSENSUS IS REACHED. THE DEFINITION OF CONSENSUS IS A COLLECTIVE OPINION OR CONCORD GENERAL AGREEMENT OR ACCORD. THERE ARE SOME MISUNDERSTANDINGS ABOUT CONSENSUS. MISUNDERSTANDINGS o
o o o o Consensus does not mean that everyone agrees with what is being done it is simply a general agreement to carry on with something. All team decisions should be made by consensus. The final consensus decision reflects the first choice of each team member. That consensus is fast and easy. Consensus is compromise. ***Keep in mind these are MISUNDERSTANDINGS, and they are NOT TRUE!!!
THERE ARE SOME GENERAL BELIEFS ABOUT CONSENSUS. o o o o o Consensus is a mindset as well as a process. Consensus that is authentic requires that team members be more concerned about community and less concerned about power. Consensus requires that the team be more
focused on team productivity than on individual credit. Consensus demands mature behavior on the part of everyone. The recognized leader holds himself or herself and others accountable for open, honest participation. IN ORDER FOR CONSENSUS TO BE A VIABLE OPTION, GROUND RULES MUST BE ESTABLISHED AND FOLLOWED. o o o o o
o Disagreement is acceptable as long as the person explains why they disagree. Expressed differences of opinion help to expose all available alternatives. Rigid argument for one position should be avoided all members reactions should be heard and considered. One should never change his or her mind to avoid conflict; support should only be given to options that are truly accepted. Evaluation should be suspended until all points of view are presented and understood. Have a backup plan in the event a consensus
EXAMPLES OF WHEN A CONSENSUS CANNOT BE REACHED MAY INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING: No decision the idea is dropped and status quo continues Third party decides Leader decides Designated committee decides Luck decides Split Decision Majority rules or an agreed upon percentage CONSENSUS PROCESS THE ISSUE IS CLARIFIED. DISCUSSION OF THE ISSUE RE-CLARIFY ANY PARTS OF THE ISSUE.
EACH INDIVIDUAL GIVES THEIR STANCE. THE MINORITY EXPRESSES THEIR VIEW. THE TEAM PROBLEM-SOLVES THE MINORITYS VIEW. AGAIN, EACH INDIVIDUAL GIVES THEIR STANCE. LEVELS OF AGREEMENT IN A GROUP 100% CONSENSUS SUFFICIENT CONSENSUS DEMOCRATIC (MAJORITY RULES) AUTOCRATIC, WITH INPUT FROM THE GROUP TOTALLY AUTOCRATIC NEGATIVE BEHAVIORS AND
DISTRACTERS IN GROUP DYNAMICS THE Arrives late Makes a big commotion Wants to be caught up on everything that has happened Gives reasons why they were late THE
BROKEN RECORD Keeps bringing up the same point over and over Takes up valuable time THE EARLY LEAVER Leaves session early Drains energy from the session THE
LATECOMER DOUBTING THOMAS Aggressively negative Uses phrases like It will never work MORE NEGATIVE BEHAVIORS/DISTRACTORS THE Sits at the back of the room Doesnt say anything Corrects papers, reads Disturbs the presenter more than the group
THE WHISPERER Whispers constantly to neighbor Irritating to the group Breaks the concentration of the group THE
DROPOUT KNOW-IT-ALL uses credentials, age, length of service, or status to argue a point the loudmouth talks too much and too loudly dominates the session pulls attention away from the focus of the session ACTIVITY RATE THE QUALITIES OF AN EFFECTIVE TEAM MEMBER. COMPLETE THE LOST ON THE MOON ACTIVITY.
USING THE ANSWER SHEET, COMPARE THE RANKINGS THAT NASA DETERMINED FOR THESE ITEMS. MARK THE NASA RANKINGS WITH A THIRD COLOR PEN TO SEE THE DIFFERENCES. COMPLETE THE WHO SHALL SURVIVE ACTIVITY. CHOOSE AND COMPLETE THE SOCIOLOGY ACTIVITY #1 OR ACTIVITY #2. COMPLETE THE ROPES ACTIVITIES. ANY QUESTIONS???
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