Teaching Science to Every Child: Using Culture as a Starting ...

Teaching Science to Every Child: Using Culture as a Starting ...

Teaching Science to Every Child: Using Culture as a Starting Point Chapter 9 The 5E Learning Cycle as a Model for Science Teaching Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012 Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012 Chapter 9 Topics Models of Teaching: Inductive or Deductive or Both?! The 5E Learning Cycle

Engage Explore Explain Extend Evaluate The Learning Cycle and Diverse Student Populations Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012 Models of Teaching Students must learn particular facts and terms

Students should also understand bigger concepts Deductive begins with the big idea and then goes to examples Inductive starts with bits of knowledge and builds toward whole Students should experience both models of teaching Ideally begin with inductive and then shift to deductive This sequence accommodates diverse students very well Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012 Contrasting Approaches: Parts to Whole or Whole to Parts

Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012 The 5E Learning Cycle Approach first developed in the 1960s during curriculum reforms in actual classrooms with children of varying abilities Combines the strengths of discovery, inquiry, and conceptual change: Hands-on, varying supports, and emphasis upon student learning The Learning Cycle draws upon theories about how children learn science: developmental, social, and experiential.

Lots of different Learning Cycles but the 5E is the most popular. Each of the five phases begins with the letter E. Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012 The 5E Learning Cycle Engage gets at students ideas and builds interest Hands-on activities during Explore and Extend Direct instruction by

teacher of concepts during Explain Evaluate is continuous with a shifting emphasis Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012 Phase One: Engage Purpose is to orient students to the upcoming activity Also an opportunity to hear what they already know Can also be a bridge between previous lessons

Connects school science to real-life experiences Although open-ended there is underlying intent Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012 Phase Two: Explore Hands-on activity with structure to guide exploring Not the time to introduce vocabulary or definitions The goal is to give a concrete sense for a concept Students should record their observations and actions Teacher asks questions to support the exploring

Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012 Phase Three: Explain Students share what they did Comparisons across groups toward common understandings Teacher introduces targeted concept and definitions Connections made between Explore and Explain Inductive: Experiences combined to make a whole Generate shared written records of the concept

Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012 Phase Four: Extend Goal: Students apply concept to new situation Hands-on activity for extending vocabulary Teachers uses questions to reinforce understandings Emphasis on extending knowledge to the materials Definitely not the right time to introduce new ideas Deductive: Taking whole concept and using it Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012

Phase Five: Evaluate Opportunity to demonstrate understanding (summative) Could be a paper-pencil test or a performance task Should offer students a chance to chart changed ideas Questioning by teacher as if assessing for grades Evaluate throughout the Learning Cycle, not just last phase Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012 Learning Cycle and Diverse Groups

Background knowledge and experiences brought to the surface during the Engage phase Explore activity ensures each student has a common background and shared experience with the phenomenon Language development supported: Talking with peers during hands-on, writing ideas, communication with the whole class. Connections made by and for students between what goes on during science lesson and what they experience at home Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012

Chapter 9 Summary Inductive and Deductive: Direction between Parts and Whole 5E Learning Cycle is Preferred in K-8 Science Classrooms Engage: Assess what students already know Explore: Activity to deepen their experiences Explain: Sharing ideas and learning formal science terms Extend: Applying concept to a hands-on activity Evaluate: Determining how well students learned concept Learning Cycle is Appropriate for Diverse Student Populations Routledge/Taylor & Francis 2012

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Pre-Competition Meal

    Pre-Competition Meal

    Heather Campanile, MS RD. Nothing more foundational than meeting your calorie needs!! Why nutrition? Optimal gains from training programs . Enhanced recovery. Achievement and maintenance of ideal body composition. Reduced injury risk. Overall health and wellness.
  • In The End, Jesus Wins! Why Did Jesus

    In The End, Jesus Wins! Why Did Jesus

    Revelation 5:9-10. 9 And they sang a new song, saying, "Worthy are You to take the book and to break its seals; for You were slain, and purchased for God with Your blood men from every tribe and tongue and...
  • Fly America Act & Open Skies Agreements - Yale University

    Fly America Act & Open Skies Agreements - Yale University

    The Fly America Act restricts the use of international flag air carriers charged to federal awards. Open Skies Agreements are exceptions to the Fly America Act. All Fly America Act exceptions and Open Skies Agreements exceptions must be documented by...
  • Civil Rights Training for School Nutrition Professionals Wisconsin

    Civil Rights Training for School Nutrition Professionals Wisconsin

    Federal Law Prohibits Discrimination on the Basis of These Protected Classes:. Color. National Origin . Age. Disability. Sex. Race. It is the policy of USDA to prohibit discrimination in all of its programs and activities on the basis of protected...
  • HYDROGEN AND ITS COMPOUNDS Dr. Nouf H. Alotaibi

    HYDROGEN AND ITS COMPOUNDS Dr. Nouf H. Alotaibi

    The ionization enthalpy of H-H bond is very high (1312 kJmol-1). This indicates that hydrogen has a low tendency to form H+ ions. Its ionization enthalpy value is comparable to that of halogens.
  • Merchandising Discounts Lets Review our New Accounts Purchases

    Merchandising Discounts Lets Review our New Accounts Purchases

    HST Recoverable $104,000. Purchase R&A $800,000. November 2nd. The Indians decide to pay the amount owing on their account, hoping for the best in the evening's game. What will the Indians pay? $678,000 x (0.98) = $664,440. Accounts Payable $678,000.
  • Layout of the year - edurok

    Layout of the year - edurok

    Layout for the year - Grade 9 Practical Projects Balloon Car Project Aeroplane Model Project Theory Workshop safety Drawing & design principles Drawings
  • Chapter 19: Magnetism & Electromagnetism

    Chapter 19: Magnetism & Electromagnetism

    The word "ferromagnetic" comes from the Latin word "ferrum" which means "iron." Iron (Fe), Nickel (Ni), & Cobalt (Co) are the most common . ... The solar wind constantly reshapes the magnetosphere as Earth rotates on its axis.