Spanish 2001 Gordon State College

Spanish 2001 Gordon State College

Spanish 2001 Gordon State College Spring 2016 Darren Broome, Ph.D. Dia uno Introduction to course Syllabus Dia dos Vocabulario, leccion 11 (368-369)

3 p. 369 Mandatos familiares Los mandatos afirmativos con tu tienen la misma forma de la tercera persona singular del presente de indicativo. Hablarhabla, comercome, escribirescribe Algunos irregulares afirmativos: Di (decir), haz (hacer), ve (ir), sal (salir), s (ser), ten (ten), ven (venir), d

Cuidado con los verbos que terminan en: car, -gar, -zar Sacar-no saques Apagar-no apagues Almorzar-no almuerces Para formar los mandatos familiares negativos, hay que conjugar en la primera personal singular del presente Despus, remover o y anadir:

No + es (-ar) No + as (-er,-ir) Poner-pongo-no pongas Pedir-pido-no pidas Hacer-hago-no hagas Traer-traigo-no traigas Ofrecer-ofrezco-no ofrezcas Mandatos familiares negativos irregulares: Dar (no ds), estar (no ests), ir (no vayas), saber (no sepas), ser (no seas)

Contesta las preguntas siguientes afirmativa y negativamente. Sigue el modelo: Debo contestar la llamada? S, contstala -No, no la contestes. 1. Debo comprar la camisa? 2. Debo salir de la casa? 3. Debo hacer la tarea? 4. Debo decir la verdad?

Familiar commands Intentalo p. 379 1, 2 p. 380 Mini-quiz (in class),- familiar commands: Tuesday, 1/12/2016 Dia dos Review commands Text: intntalo, 1 (p. 380-81) Take quiz

POR PARA * by, by means of. Example: 'Viajo por auto'. (= I travel by car.) * through, along. Example: 'Quiero caminar por la

vereda'. (= I want to walk on the sidewalk.) * in order to. Example: 'Venimos para jugar'. (= We come to play.) * to be given to. Example: 'El dinero es para ti'. (= The money is for you.)

POR PARA * during, in (a time of day). Example: Desayuna por la maana'. (= She eats breakfast in the morning.)

* by (a deadline). Example: 'Tenemos que terminar para el lunes'. (= We have to finish by Monday.) * to be used for. Example: 'El martillo es para clavar clavos'. (= The hammer is for nailing nails.)

* in exchange for. Example: 'Quiero $50 por mi vieja bicicleta'. (= I want $50 for my old bicycle. por para

* for the sake of, on behalf of. Example: 'Mis amigos hablan por m'. (= My friends speak for me.) * duration of time. Example: 'Trabajamos por tres horas'. (= We worked for three hours.)

* as compared with others. Example: 'Para ser un viejo, juega bien'.(= For an old man) * to work for. Example: 'Trabajo para Walmart'. (= I work for Walmart.)

* fixed expressions like 'por lo general' (= generally), 'por favor'(= please), 'por lo menos' (= at least), 'por ejemplo' (= for example),'por eso' (= that's why), etc. Por ejemplo: 'No me gusta. Por eso, no lo hago'. (= I don't like it. That's why, I don't do it.) Review in text: intentalo, 1 (p.383-384_ A reciprocal structure expresses a shared

or reciprocal action between two or more people or things. To say it another way, they all do it to one another. Only the plural forms of the reflexive pronouns (nos, se) are used to express reciprocal actions since the action must involve more than one person or thing. Examples: 1. Ellos se miran. They look at each other. 2. Nos vemos. We see each other.

3. Ellos se dan la mano. They shake each others hand. 4. Nos hablamos. We talk to one another. 5. Paco y usted se escriben cartas. Paco and you write each other letters. 6. Nos ayudamos. We help each other. Traducir: 1. When do you see each other every week? 2. We buy each other gifts.

3. My neighbors (vecinos) yell (gritar)at one another. 4. You shouldnt tell each other everything. 5. They meet each other at the gym. Intentalo, 1, 3 (p.386-387) Dia tres We have already learned unstressed possessive adjectives in an earlier lesson [mi(s), tu(s), su(su), nuestro/a(s)]. The stressed possessive adjectives also

emphasize possession or ownership of the noun. We have them in English: of mine, of yours, of theirs, of ours, etc. If I want I can say, Paco is my friend, but I could also say, Paco is a friend of mine. Mo/ma(s) [of mine] Tuyo/tuya(s) [of yours-familiar] Suyo/suya(s) [of yours, of his, of yours, of theirs] Nuestro/nuestra(s) [of ours]

How do they work? Article + noun + stressed possesive adjective Paco es mi (unstressed) amigo. (Paso is a my friend.) Lets change to stressed possesive adjective. Paco es un amigo mo. (Paco is a friend of mine.) Remember: stressed possessive adjectives agree in number and gender with the nouns they are modifying and are positioned after the noun.

Lets change the following sentences to the unstressed possessive adjective form: 1. Una de mis casas est en ese barrio. 2. Su tarea tiene errores. 3. Nuestra impresora no funciona. 4. Mis zapatos estn sucios. 1. 2. 3.

4. Una casa ma est en ese barrio. La tarea suya tiene errores. La impresora nuestra no funciona. Los zapatos mos estn sucios. Now, if you understand stressed possessive adjectives, you will find possessive pronouns very simple. All we need to know is that they are the same as

the possessive adjectives but without the noun and with a definitive article. In English, we use possessive adjectives all the same. For example: Johnny, do you have your homework today? No, I dont have mine. 1. Dnde estacionas tu coche? Where do you park your car? 2. Trae Carlos su libro de texto a la clase? Does Carlos bring his textbook to class?

3. Dnde est la casa de ustedes? Where is your house? 1. Estaciono el mo en el garage. I park mine in the garage. 2. No, no trae el suyo a la clase. No, he does not bring his to class. 3. La nuestra est en la avenida Gmez. Ours is in Gomez Avenue. Por vs. para

Reciprocal pronouns Stressed pronouns Dia cuatro Relative pronouns. Relative expressions typically refer back to another expression or concept which preceded it. The most frequently used type is the relative pronoun, usually expressed in English as that,which, or who(m). We can even omit these pronouns in many cases in

English. The noun, pronoun, or phrase to which these relative pronouns refer back to is called the antecedent. Antecedent+relative pronouns + clause The man that you met in my uncle. The man whom you met is my uncle. The man you met is my uncle. There are several differences between English and Spanish regarding relatives:

1) In Spanish we cannot omit the relative pronoun as occurred in the last example above; 2) Spanish highlights the difference between relative pronouns and similarly spelled question words by not using accent marks on the relatives; 3) There are a wider range of relative pronouns from which to choose in Que.that, which, who, whom Quien, queneswho (or whom, after a

preposition) The relative pronoun, que, must be used when the relative pronoun comes immediately after the antecedent, that is, when there is nothing between the two, not even a comma. Que is the most widely used relative pronouns. It is used for both people and objects, and may serve as the subject or object of the clause which follows: La pluma que est en la mesa no es ma.

(The pen that/which is on the table is not mine) Tengo el libro que buscas (I have the book that, which you are looking for.) Conozco a la chica que vive alli (I know the girl that/who lives there) El hombre que ves es mi abuela The man (whom) you see is my Neuter relative pronoun: lo

que (which, what, the thing that). Lo que refers to a situation or concept, and not to a specific masculine or feminine noun or pronoun. Tip: when the word what appears in a sentence and is not a question word, it is normally translated as lo que. Enrique empez a gritar en voz muy alta, lo que le molest mucho a su familia.Enrique began to shout in a very

loud voice, which upset his family very much [The thing referred back to is not a noun phrase such as the the shout or his shouts but the situation involving idea or the action of shouting] No puedo describir lo que vi en la calle esta maana. I can't describe what I saw in the street this morning. [que could not be used here, since there is no antecedent given in the sentence.]

Lo que dijiste no tiene sentido. What you said doesn't make any sense. [Again, que could not be used here, since there is no antecedent given in the sentence.] Quien and the plural form quienes (who) are used when the antecedent is a person and there is some distance between the antecedent and the relative pronoun, usually a comma or a short (one- or

two-syllable) preposition: Donde estn las secretarias a quienes habl esta maana? Where are the secretaries I spoke to this morning [to whom I spoke Maria es la mujer con quien quera casarme. Maria is the woman I wanted to marry. Nadie parece cononcer a Miguel, de quien est enamorado Elena.

No one seems to know Miguel, whom Elena is in love with/of whom Elena is enamored. Intentalo, 2: p 415-416 Relative pronouns Da seis Formal commands Time to learn formal commands. We already know informal commands (t). If you remember how to form a negative t command, you should have no problem forming usted commands. For

regular formal commands, we will conjugate the verb in the yo form, then drop the o (just like negative t commands). Afterwards, we will add a for er and ir verbs, and add e for ar verbs. You will add n if it is a ustedes command. For instance the formal command for these verbs. Lets follow the steps. hacerHagohag(o)haga venirvengoveng(o)venga

pensarpiensopiens(o)piense If we want to give a negative command, just place no before the verb. Also, regarding the pronouns with commands, we will attach them if the command is affirmative but the pronouns will precede a negative command. Do the homework! Haga la tarea! Do it (homework)! hgala! (Dont forget the accent mark to maintain stress.)

Dont do it (homework)! No la haga! Intentalo, 1: p. 419-420 Formal commands FORMAL COMMANDS (crossword) Mini quiz 3, Thursday (1/26) over relative pronouns and formal commands (usted/ustedes) Dia 6 Mini quiz 3

Spanish verbs have both MOOD and TENSE. Thus far, we have been in the INDICATIVE MOOD. PRESENT, PRETERITE, IMPERFECT 1. Yo hablo espaol con mis amigos. 2. Anoche yo habl con mis amigos. 3. Antes yo hablaba con mis amigos. What is the root of the word INDICATIVE?

Nosotros vamos al cine... Me gustan las vacas... Yo puedo jugar al golf muy bien Those sentences factual? What is the root of the word SUBJUNCTIVE With indicative, it might also be thought of as "objective if they were in a courtroom and on trial for their life, would they rather give

objective or subjective testimony? The following is the formula to "see" the structure of this somewhat difficult grammatical concept. 1st subject + 1st verb trigger+QUE+2nd subject+2n verb(subjunctive) +ROTS There are certain verbs in the Spanish language that when you see them ...hear them...plan to speak them the whistles, bells and sirens start going off in your mind: 'This could be...It might be... It's real possible that...this is going to be a subjunctive sentence!!!' We

call them "TRIGGER" verbs because they trigger you mind to start thinking about the SUBJUNCTIVE MOO

Trigger Verbs Querer Desear Esperar Dudar

Aconsejar Pedir Insistir (en) Mandar Permitir Recomendar Sugerir Necesitar Trigger impersonal expressions

Es importante Es bueno Es interesante Es posible Es problable Es necesario Es mejor Es malo Es dudoso How to form?

Find the infinitive Conjugate into the "Yo" form, PRESENT tense, INDICATIVE mood Drop the "-o If it is an ar verb, add: a amos as is a an If is an er or ir verb, add: e emos es is

e en 1st subject + 1st verb + QUE + 2nd subject + 2nd verb RO TS 1st verb must be indicative and 2nd verb is subjunctive if there is a subject change. Yo

quiero que coman en mi casa. Subjunctive, right? mis padres 1.Es importante que Ryan ___________ para el quiz (ESTUDIAR).

Yes, subjunctive, Estudie because we have a trigger, que and subject change. 2.Necesito ______________este fin de semana (TRABAJAR). No, we have trigger verb but there is not que and no subject change: trabajar. 3.Nik y Anslee esperan que Aubry y Danielle __________ un trabajo bueno (ENCONTRAR). Yes, subjunctive: encuentren. We have a trigger verb, a que and subject change.

4.La novia de Chuck permite que l la __________ en ocaciones especiales (BESAR). Subjunctive: bese. We have a trigger verb, permite, que and subject change, l. 5.Elena, Will, y Cisco quieren que yo_______ les notas buenas (DAR). Subjunctive: d. Trigger verb, quieren,; que; and subject change yo. 6.Es probable que Will ____________ con una supermodela algun da (CASARSE) * Subjunctive: se case. We have the tigger verb es probable,

the que, and subject change, Will. 7.Es necesario ______________ (estudiar) No subjunctive here. Yes, we have a trigger verb, but no que and no subject change. So, it is estudiar. Subjunctive overview Verb chart: indicative, preterite , subjunctive Subjunctive 1 Dia siete

Review subjunctive Exercises in text Intentalo, 1, intentalo, 1 (p.424-428) Recapitulacion: p.430-431 Composition 1: Thursday, 2/4/2016 Dia ocho Empezar leccion 13 Ex. 3, p. 443 6 p. 444 Subjuntivo emocion

Intentalo, 2 Subjunctive emotion Traducir 1.They want us to buy them the notebook 6.Im delighted you understand physics.

2.It is better that he go to the airport early. 7.I hope we live may live one hundred years or more. 3.The boss doesnt let us smoke in the office 8.I ask you to help me with the project.

9.It is necessary to study every day. 10.The professor does not allow our talking in class. 4.I suggest we meet again next week. 5.I dont want them to arrive early. Dia nueve

Subjunctive emotion Subjunctive doubt Subjunctive Triggers Composition 1: Imagine you are going away for the weekend and you are letting some of your friends stay in your house. Write instructions for your friends telling them how to take care of the house. Employ the subjunctive to describe how to make sure your house is in good shape when you get home.

Dia (diez) 10 1.Quero que tu tienes bueno dia. 2.Que es necesario lava platos. 3.Espere ustedes limpien mi casa. 4.Es necesario que ustedes ser responsable. 5.Desee ustedes divertirse.

6.Quiero mi casa limpia. 7.Yo aconseja que t lave los platos, hago la cama. 8.Pero yo espiero que uds. No detruan la casa. 9.Sugero que t saques la basura. 10.Recomiendo que t comas el pescado. 11.Es fcil por mi casa ensuciar.

12.Deseo que no tenges una fiesta. 13.Regresso 14.Necessito 15.Insisto que t laves los platos. 16.Querno que t arregles la sala y la cocina en jueves. 17.En lunes Conjunctions that require subjunctive

Conjunctions subjunctive exercise Rewrite due: 2/16/2016 (Tuesday) Dia once No class Dia doce Review exs. Lesson 13: 461-465 Comenzar leccion 14 Existing and non-existing antedents

We have a Russian friend. We have a friend who is Russian. Difference in the two sentences? Adjective clause describe a noun, place thing, or idea. This noun is referred to as antecedent as is usually the direct object in the sentence. In Spanish, the subjunctive will be employed if the antecedent does not exist while the indicative is used if the noun is

clearly known, certain, or definite. Examples: Tenemos una computadora que funciona. Necesitamos una computadora que funcione. See the difference? Funcionar to function/work Lets look at some examples: Buscamos una maleta que no ______(tener) ese defecto.

l tiene una secretaria que _______(escribir) rpido. Hay pocos cientfocps que ________ (comprender) las teoras de Einstein. Ella busca un novio que _________ (querer) esquiar en Chile. Hay una casa que _______(tener) tres baos. Traducir 1. I would like to study a language that is esaier than German.

2. She is looking for Mrs. Lopez who is from Spain. 3. He wants a book that explains everything about photography. 4. I prefer that car that has four doors. 5. He wants to live in the house that doesnt cost much. 6. I know someone who plays the guitar. 7. He prefers to live in a house that does not cost much. Antecedents

Dia trece Review antecedents Nosotros Commands 1st person plural form of subjunctive Vamos a [infinitive] Estudiemos/vamos a estudiar With pronouns, attach pronoun after command for affirmative and place before command and after no for negative commands

Estudimoslo/ no lo estudiemos If Nos or se is attached to nosotros commands, the final s is dropped. Leventmonos, lemosela Rewrite the sentences using the nosotros/as command forms of the indicated verbs.Modelo Tenemos que terminar el trabajo antes de las cinco. Terminemos el trabajo antes de las cinco. 1. Hay que limpiar la casa hoy.

2. Tenemos que ir al dentista esta semana. 3. Debemos depositar el dinero en el banco. 4. Podemos viajar a Venezuela este invierno. 5. Queremos salir a bailar este sbado. 6. Deseamos invitar a los amigos de Ana. Forma oraciones completas usando los elementos dados (given). Usa mandatos de nosotros/as. 1. levantarse / a / las siete 2. cerrar / las ventanas 3. limpiar / la casa / hoy

4. depositar / el cheque / en / el banco 5. sentarse / en / el sof Composition 2 Describe what you are looking for in an ideal relationship or ideal match. You probably will want to incorporate antecedents in the composition. Remember the person you are describing does not exist. I am not asking you to describe your current mate. Useful verbs:

buscar, conocer, encontrar, haber, necesitar, querer, desear, gustar. Dia catorce (14) Composition errors 1.No conozco a alguien que guste limpiar. 2.Quieoro un hombre que est de Georgia. 3.Quiero alguien que le gusta

animales. 4.No quiero alquien que no hable mucho conmigo. 5.Quiero un hombre que quiera mi. 6.Hay un hombre que est perfecto para mi? 7.Quiero alguien que le gusta animals. 8.Est muy importante que un hombre le guste leer.

9.Busco un hombre que est inteligente. 10.Yo necesito una persona que limpie mucho porque yo no me gusta a limpiar. 11.Me gustara un hombre que le guste conciertos. 12.Yo yo tengo nadie. 13.Mis amigos y yo todos les gusten los video juegos.

14.Es necesario que te le guste lee. 15.Yo necesito un hombre que sepa cocina. 16.Nesesitamos una vida que sea bueno y feliz. Past participles Regular verbs: ar-ado, er/ier-ido Hablar---hablado, corrercorrido All irregular past participles end in to

except hecho (hacer), dicho (dicho) Irregular past participles Abrir Decir Descubrir Escribir Hacer Morir Poner Resolver

Romper Ver volver P.494 1,2, 3 Past participles Final exam taken on d2l: (2/27/2016, Saturday)from 8am to 11:59pm (2/28/2016, Sunday) You will have 70 minutes to complete.

Will cover all grammar from lesson 11-14 . Sale todas las noches. Give commands (informal) to help him change his habits. No _______________ hasta el fin de semana. a. sales b. salgas c. sal d. salis . Mara hace un pastel. CHANGE TO FORMAL COMMANDS. a. Mara, haz un pastel, por favor.

b. Mara, hagas un pastel, por favor. c. Mara, haces un pastel, por favor. d. Mara, haga un pastel, por favor. Sample questions Tambin prefiero que la casa ________________ cerca de mis amigos. GIVE CORRECT VERB FORM. a. est b. ests c. est d. estn

Es probable que _______________ maana. GIVE CORRECT VERB FORM. a. llueva b. llueve c. llovi d. lloviera Nos quedaremos hasta que ________________ a buscarnos. GIVE CORRECT VERB FORM. a. vengan b. vienen

c. venan Jos vino al aeropuerto en su coche, pero nosotros dejamos _______________ (ours) en casa y tomamos un taxi. Give correct stressed possessive pronoun. a. la nuestra b. el suyo c. el tuyo d. el nuestro Theyll run out of food before we go. TRANSLATE. a. Se les acaba la comida antes de que nos vamos.

b. Se les acaba la comida antes de que nos furamos. c. Se les acaba la comida antes de que nos vayamos. d. Se les acaba la comida antes de que nos fuimos. El hombre a ___________ conoc anoche es el primo de Fernando. GIVE CORRECT RELATIVE PRONOUN. a. el que b. la que c. quien d. lo que Casi siempre viajo ____________ avin. POR OR

PARA? a. para b. por 55. Nunca pongo la mesa cuando ceno. Mi mesa siempre est __________. COMPLETE WITH LOGICAL PAST PARTICIPLE. a. muerta b. dicha c. puesta d. cada

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • ERCOT Financial Summary For the Year Ended December

    ERCOT Financial Summary For the Year Ended December

    ERCOT Financial Summary For the Year Ended December 31, 2004 Board of Directors Meeting January 18, 2005 ERCOT Financial Summary For the Year Ended December 31, 2004 Preliminary - Unaudited ERCOT Financial Snapshot Year-to-Date Results of Operations ($ Millions) Notes:...
  • Promouvoir la vie consacrée

    Promouvoir la vie consacrée

    Promouvoir la vie consacrée Outils d'animation * * Affiches 2012 Le visuel de l'année se décline en : affiches (40 x 80 cm) affichettes (20 x 40 cm) kakémonos (3 formats, à partir de 80 x 160 cm) kakémono «...
  • Meet The HD Handset Vendors (B-05) - TMCnet

    Meet The HD Handset Vendors (B-05) - TMCnet

    Meet The HD Handset Vendors (B-05)David SchenkelSenior Technical AnalystADTRAN IP-based communications solutions - yes, including UC - are here today, and every phone vendor is now supporting high definition (HD) voice at the same price as traditional VoIP phones were...
  • Matters Arising  Staffing Update Subject Detail DHT A

    Matters Arising Staffing Update Subject Detail DHT A

    SQA Exams. The Chief Invigilator reports that the SQA exams have progressed very smoothly this session. Despite significant preparatory works being undertaken, Robertson Group worked closely with the school (daily contact and shared access to the exam timetable) to ensure...
  • 1st Quarter Regional Meeting - Oklahoma State Department of ...

    1st Quarter Regional Meeting - Oklahoma State Department of ...

    In the second image, individuals are given different supports to make it possible for them to have equal access to the game. They are being treated equitably.
  • The impact of website take-down on phishing

    The impact of website take-down on phishing

    Searching for Evil Professor Ross Anderson Dr Richard Clayton Joint work with Tyler Moore, Steven Murdoch & Shishir Nagaraja Google, London 14th August 2007
  • Lending & Collections Working as a Team To

    Lending & Collections Working as a Team To

    Mandatory Steps for Successful. Higher-Risk Lending Do these loans on the direct side of your business. Start with the car that takes them to work each day. Use the loan interview to build a performing loan.
  • Do now activity #3

    Do now activity #3

    Do now activity #3 . In pea plants, yellow seed color (Y) is dominant over green seed color (y). Complete the cross between a plant that is heterozygous for yellow seeds and a plant that is homozygous recessive.