March 29, 2011 Objective: TSW identify events of

March 29, 2011 Objective: TSW identify events of

March 29, 2011 Objective: TSW identify events of the Cold War by taking notes, Hook: Describe Europe after WWII by using ALL of the following terms: Germany United Nations Marshall Plan Communism Berlin Wall

THE COLD WAR Origins of the Cold War The Cold War lasted from the end of WWII until the collapse of the Soviet Union. The Cold War: competition between the United States and the Soviet Union for CONTROL

Differences The United States Political System Democratic Economic System Capitalist (free market)

Why were they angry with each other? The U.S. feared communism The USSR dropped out of WWI

The USSR signed a nonagression pact with Hitler The Soviet Union Totalitarian Communist The

(socialist) U.S. did not tell the USSR about the atomic bomb The Allies wanted to invade Germany in WWII The USSR was not invited to WWI peace conferences Containment

Trumans policy to stop the spread of communism, 1945 Truman Doctrine (1947) - $400 million in aid to Turkey and Greece to resist the spread of communism 1947-1950 - $660 million to Europe Marshall Plan - 1948 U.S. gave money to Europe to rebuild after WWII and keep communism out!

Development of Competing Alliances NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) 1949 U.S. and Western USSR and Eastern Europe promise common defense

Europe promised common defense If one is attacked, all are attacked The Warsaw Pact - 1955 Europe was Divided after WWII

Cold War Changes The USSR exploded a nuclear device (1949) China became communist (1949) Chinese civil war between Mao Zedong and Chiang Kai Shek ended, capitalist Chinese flee to Taiwan Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953)

New policy of massive retaliation to deter any nuclear strike by the Soviets North Korea (communist) invaded South Korea (capitalist) - 1950 U.S. became involved to contain communism. American troops in a U.S. led force,

attacked North Korea Chinese troops entered on the side of North Korea Eventually ended with a stalemate The Dot Game Everyone is either a dot or a non-dot. You may not reveal what is on your slip of

paper. The Dot Game Everyone is either a dot or a non-dot. You may not reveal what is on your slip of paper. You must ask others if they are dots or non-dots and then try to determine if they are telling the truth.

The Dot Game Everyone is either a dot or a non-dot. You may not reveal what is on your slip of paper. You must ask others if they are dots or non-dots and then try to determine if they are telling the truth or not. The object of the game if you are a nondot is to be a part of the largest group of ALL non-dots.

The Dot Game Everyone is either a dot or a non-dot. You may not reveal what is on your slip of paper. You must ask others if they are dots or non-dots and then try to determine if they are telling the truth or not. The object of the game if you are a non-dot is to be a part of the largest group of ALL non-dots. The object of the game if you are a dot is to be the ONLY dot within a group of non-dots. If more

than one group of non-dots is infiltrated by only one dot, the dot in the larger group will win. Fear of Nuclear Attack 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000

5000 0 19 45 19 50 19 55 19 60

19 65 American schools regularly held air raid drills ("duck and cover") train children what to do in case of a nuclear attack American citizens were urged by the government to build bomb shelters in their

own basements Greenbrier Bunker The Arms Race U.S. USSR Fear of Spies Alger Hiss accused of spying; convicted of perjury because it was too late to try him for spying

Julius and Ethel Rosenburg accused of selling atomic secrets to the Soviets; convicted and executed Soviets were able to construct nuclear weapons using technical secrets obtained through spying McCarthyism McCarthyism making false accusations based on rumor or guilt by association Senator Joseph McCarthy played on American fears of communism by recklessly accusing many American

governmental officials and citizens of being communists based on flimsy or no evidence Many people lost their jobs and reputations because of his accusations The Cold War made foreign policy a major issue in every presidential election during the period.

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