Unlocking Medical Terminology Second Edition CHAPTER 12 The

Unlocking Medical Terminology Second Edition CHAPTER 12 The

Unlocking Medical Terminology Second Edition CHAPTER 12 The Respiratory System Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Multimedia Directory Slide 27 Slide 32 Slide 43 Slide 46 Slide 49 Slide 53 Slide 65 Slide 71 Slide 73 Slide 75 Slide 94 Slide 102

Respiratory System Animation Sleep Apnea Video Asthma Animation Bronchitis Animation Pulmonary Diseases Video Cystic Fibrosis Video Pneumonia Animation Tuberculosis Video ARDS Animation Allergic Rhinitis Video Setting Up and Assisting with Intubation Video Nebulizer Video Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Multimedia Directory (cont.) Slide 105 Slide 114 Slide 116 Pulse Oximetry Video Spirometry Video TB Testing & Analysis Video Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Learning Objectives After completing this chapter, you will be able to: Define and spell the word parts used to create medical terms for the respiratory system Identify the organs of the respiratory system and describe their structure and function Define common medical terms used for the respiratory system Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Learning Objectives (cont.) After completing this chapter, you will be able to: Break down and define common medical terms used for symptoms, diseases, disorders, procedures, treatments, and devices for the respiratory system Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. The Respiratory System Functions Brings oxygen to the bloodstream Removes waste product carbon dioxide from blood Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Figure 12.1 The Upper Respiratory System Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.2 The Respiratory System Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Prefixes a-, an- = without absence of dia- = through endo- = within epi- = upon, over, above, on top Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc.

All rights reserved. Prefixes (cont.) eu- = normal, good in- = without neo- = new pan- = all, entire poly- = many

Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Combining Forms alveol/o = air sac, alveolus atel/o = incomplete

bronch/i, bronch/o = airway, bronchus con/i = dust cyst/o = sac, bladder Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Combining Forms (cont.)

fibr/o = fiber glott/o = opening into the windpipe hem/o, hemat/o = blood laryng/o = voice box, larynx lob/o = a rounded part, lobe Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Combining Forms (cont.)

muc/o = mucus nas/o = nose orth/o = straight ox/i = oxygen pharyng/o = throat, pharynx Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Combining Forms (cont.) phragm/o, phragmat/o = partition pleur/o = rib, pleura pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneumat/o = air, lung pulmon/o = lung Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Combining Forms (cont.) py/o = pus rhin/o = nose sept/o = wall, partition sinus/o = cavity Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Combining Forms (cont.) somn/o = sleep sphyx/o = pulse spir/o = to breathe sten/o = narrowness, constriction thorac/o = chest, thorax

Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Combining Forms (cont.) tonsill/o = almond, tonsil trache/o = windpipe, trachea tubercul/o = little mass or swelling Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Suffixes -algia = pain -ar, -ary = pertaining to -capnia = condition of carbon dioxide -cele = hernia, swelling, protrusion -centesis = surgical puncture to aspirate

fluids Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Suffixes (cont.)

-eal = pertaining to -ectasis = expansion, dilation -emia = condition of blood -metry = measurement -osis = condition of -otomy, -tomy = cutting into, incision Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Suffixes (cont.)

-oxia = condition of oxygen -pexy = surgical fixation, suspension -phonia = condition of sound or voice -plasm = something shaped -pnea = breathing -ptysis = to cough up Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Suffixes (cont.) -rrhagia = bleeding, hemorrhage -rrhea = discharge (of fluid) -spasm = sudden, involuntary muscle contraction -staxis = dripping -stomy = surgical creation of an opening Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Anatomy and Physiology Three steps of respiration Inspiration (inhalation) External respiration (gas exchange) Expiration (exhalation) Ventilationinspiration and expiration together Diaphragmmost important respiratory muscle Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Anatomy and Physiology (cont.) Conducting portionchambers and tubes that conduct air to and from the lungs Upper respiratory tract Nose Pharynx Larynx Trachea Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Anatomy and Physiology (cont.) Conducting portionchambers and tubes that conduct air to and from the lungs Lower respiratory tract Bronchi Bronchial tree Bronchioles Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Anatomy and Physiology (cont.) Respiratory portionalveoli are sites of gas exchange with bloodstream Respiratory membrane Barrier between the alveolus and bloodstream Site of gas diffusion between lungs and blood Lung Visceral pleuraouter surface of lung Parietal pleuraouter membrane layer attached to inside wall of thorax

Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.3 The bronchial tree and alveoli Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Respiratory System Animation

Click on the screenshot to view an animation on the respiratory system. The animation may take a moment before playing. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Word Roots

alveol = air sac bronch = airway glott = opening into the windpipe laryng = voice box nas = nose Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Word Roots (cont.) pharyng = throat phragm = partition pleur = rib spir = to breathe trache = windpipe Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Symptoms and Signs Acapnia Absence of carbon dioxide Anoxia Absence of oxygen Aphonia Absence of voice Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Symptoms and Signs (cont.) Apnea Pause in breathing Bradypnea Slow breathing Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Sleep Apnea Video Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of sleep apnea. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Symptoms and Signs (cont.)

Bronchospasm Narrowing of the airway when smooth muscles contract in the walls of the bronchioles Cheyne-Stokes respiration Pattern of breathing marked by a gradual increase of deep breathing, followed by shallow breathing, that leads to apnea Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Symptoms and Signs (cont.) Dysphonia Hoarseness of the voice Dyspnea Difficulty breathing Epistaxis A nosebleed Eupnea Normal breathing Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Symptoms and Signs (cont.) Hemoptysis Coughing up and spitting out blood that originates from the lungs Hemothorax Blood in the pleural cavity Hypercapnia Excessive carbon dioxide in the blood Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Symptoms and Signs (cont.) Hyperpnea Deep breathing Hyperventilation Excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs Hypocapnia Deficient levels of carbon dioxide in the blood

Can result in apnea Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Symptoms and Signs (cont.) Hypopnea Shallow breathing Hypoventilation Breathing rhythm that fails to meet the bodys gas-exchange demands

Hypoxemia Deficient levels of oxygen in the blood Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Symptoms and Signs (cont.) Hypoxia Deficient levels of oxygen in tissues throughout the body Laryngospasm

Spasmodic closure of the glottis Orthopnea Ability to breathe is limited to an upright position Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Symptoms and Signs (cont.) Paroxysm Episodes of severe coughing

Rhinorrhagia Rapid flow of blood from the nose Also called epistaxis Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Symptoms and Signs (cont.) Rhinorrhea Fluid discharge from the nose Sputum

Expectorated matter; usually contains mucus and sometimes pus Tachypnea Rapid breathing Thoracalgia Pain in the chest region Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders

Asphyxia Suffocation Asthma Characterized by widespread narrowing of the bronchioles formation of mucous plugs Symptomswheezing, shortness of breath, coughing Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Figure 12.4 Asthma Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Asthma Animation Click on the screenshot to view an animation on the topic of asthma. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Atelectasis Absence of gas in the lungs Also called collapsed lung Bronchiectasis Dilation of the bronchi Patient: has chronic respiratory infections often produces a lot of purulent sputum Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchi Bronchogenic carcinoma Cancer that originates in the bronchi Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Bronchitis Animation Click on the screenshot to view an animation on bronchitis. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.5 Bronchogenic carcinoma

Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Bronchopneumonia Acute inflammation of the smaller bronchial tubes, bronchioles, and alveoli Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease A group of disorders associated with obstruction of bronchial airflow Usually a result of inhaling tobacco products

for many years Abbreviated COPD Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Pulmonary Diseases Video Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of pulmonary diseases. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Coccidioidomycosis Fungal infection of upper respiratory tract and lungs that often spreads to other organs Also known as valley fever Cor pulmonale Disease of the right side of the heart that is caused by a chronic lung disease, such as emphysema Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Coryza Common viral head cold Croup Respiratory condition of infants and young children Barking cough Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Cystic fibrosis Hereditary disease characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract and elsewhere Abbreviated CF Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Cystic Fibrosis Video Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of cystic fibrosis. The video may take a moment before playing. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Deviated septum Nasal septum is not median, creating one nasal cavity that is larger than the other Diaphragmatocele Protrusion of the stomach and/or intestine through the diaphragm Can interfere with breathing Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Emphysema Chronic lung disease characterized by enlarged alveoli damaged respiratory membrane Symptoms include apnea a barrel chest due to labored breathing gradual deterioration due to chronic hypoxemia Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.6 Emphysema Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.6 (continued) This patient shows characteristics of emphysema Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Epiglottitis Inflammation of the epiglottis Insomnia Inability to sleep Laryngitis Inflammation of the larynx Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Laryngotracheobronchitis Chronic inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi Acute form that strikes infants and children is called croup Legionellosis Form of pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila Also called Legionnaires disease

Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Nasopharyngitis Inflammation of the nose and pharynx Obstructive sleep apnea Collapse of the pharynx during sleep Pansinusitis Inflammation of all paranasal sinuses on one

or both sides of the face Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Pertussis Acute infectious disease Inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi Spasmodic coughing Also called whooping cough

Pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Pleural effusion Escape of fluid into the pleural cavity during inflammation Pleuritis

Inflammation of the pleurae Also called pleurisy Pneumatocele Hernia of the lung, in which the lung protrudes through an opening in the chest Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Pneumoconiosis Inflammation of the lungs caused by the

chronic inhalation of fine particles Includes: asbestosis silicosis Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia Pneumonia caused by the fungus P. carinii A common opportunistic disease in patients

with AIDS Pneumonia Inflammation of lung tissue Alveoli accumulate fluid and sometimes pus Causes may be bacterial, viral, fungal, or noninfectious, such as smoke inhalation Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Pneumonia Animation

Click on the screenshot to view an animation on the topic of pneumonia. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Pneumonitis Inflammation of the lungs, independent of a particular cause Pneumothorax

Presence of air or gas in the pleural space, causing lung to collapse Causes include fractured rib, puncture wounds to chest, ruptured air sac (as with emphysema) Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.7 Pneumothorax and atelectasis Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Pulmonary edema Accumulation of fluid in the alveoli and bronchioles Pulmonary embolism Blockage in the pulmonary circulation caused by a moving blood clot Pulmonary neoplasm Tumor of the lung Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Pulmonary tuberculosis Lung infection Includes tubercle formation, inflammation, and necrotic lesions Abbreviated TB Pyothorax A condition of pus in the pleural cavity Also called empyema

Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.8 Pulmonary tuberculosis Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Tuberculosis Video

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of tuberculosis. The video may take a moment before playing. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Respiratory distress syndrome Respiratory failure characterized by atelectasis Two forms

Neonatal (or infant) respiratory distress syndrome Adult (or acute) respiratory distress syndrome Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. ARDS Animation Click on the screenshot to view an animation on the topic of ARDS. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Back to Directory Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Rhinitis Inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane Rhinomycosis Fungal infection of the nasal mucous membrane Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Allergic Rhinitis Video Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of allergic rhinitis. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Severe acute respiratory syndrome Rapid-onset viral infection Abbreviated SARS Sinusitis Inflammation of the sinus mucous membranes Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.)

Tonsillitis Inflammation of a tonsil, usually a palatine tonsil Tracheitis Inflammation of the trachea Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Diseases and Disorders (cont.) Tracheostenosis

Narrowing of the trachea Upper respiratory infection Infection of the upper respiratory tract Usually the result of a virus Abbreviated URI Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices

Acid-fast bacilli smear Clinical test performed on sputum to identify the presence of bacteria that react to acid Adenoidectomy Excision of a swollen pharyngeal tonsil, known as an adenoid Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and

Devices (cont.) Antihistamine Therapeutic drug that inhibits the effects of histamines (compounds released by cells that cause bronchial constriction and blood-vessel dilation) Arterial blood gases Clinical test on arterial blood to identify levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide Abbreviated ABGs Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc.

All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Aspiration Removal of fluid with suction Auscultation Physical examination, often with the aid of a stethoscope, for listening to sounds within the body Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.9 Auscultation Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Bronchodilation Use of a bronchodilating agent to allow easier breathing

Bronchogram X-ray image of the bronchi Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Bronchography Procedure for obtaining an x-ray of the bronchi

Bronchoplasty Surgical repair of a bronchus Bronchoscopy Bronchi are examined with a bronchoscope Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.10 Bronchoscopy Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Chest CT scan Diagnostic 3-D imaging of the chest Used to diagnose: respiratory tumors

pleural effusion pleurisy other diseases Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.11 Chest CT scan Source: Getty Images Inc.-Stone Allstock Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc.

All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Chest x-ray X-ray photograph of the thoracic cavity Used to diagnose: tuberculosis tumors other lung conditions Abbreviated CXR Also called a chest radiograph Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.12 Chest x-ray Source: Bachman/Photo Researchers Inc. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.12 (continued) Chest x-ray Source: Bachman/Photo Researchers Inc. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Ear, nose, and throat specialist Physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the ear, nose, and throat Abbreviated ENT Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc.

All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Endoscopy Visual examination of a body space with an endoscope A noninvasive technique for diagnostic and treatment purposes Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Endotracheal intubation Insertion of a tube into the trachea via the nose or mouth to open the airway Expectorant Drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing to remove it Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc.

All rights reserved. Intubation Video Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of intubation. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.)

Incentive spirometry Breathing therapy in which patient uses a portable spirometer to assist in deep breathing exercises Laryngectomy Surgical removal or excision of the larynx Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.13 Incentive spirometer

Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Laryngocentesis Surgical puncture and aspiration of fluid from the larynx Laryngoplasty Surgical repair of the larynx

Laryngoscopy Procedure that examines the larynx with a laryngoscope Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Laryngostomy Surgical creation of a permanent opening into the larynx

Laryngotracheotomy Incision into the larynx and trachea Lobectomy Excision of a section or lobe of a lung Usually a treatment for lung cancer Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Magnetic resonance imaging

Noninvasive diagnostic imaging that uses magnetic fields and computer imaging equipment Abbreviated MRI Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Mechanical ventilation Assisted breathing using a ventilator, which

pushes air into the patients airway Nebulizer Device used to convert a liquid medication to a mist and deliver it to the lungs with the aid of a deep inhalation Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.14 Mechanical ventilation Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Nebulizer Video Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of nebulizers. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Oximetry Measurement of oxygen levels in the blood using an oximeter A pulse oximeter is a noninvasive procedure with an oximeter that is pressed against the fingertip Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Figure 12.15 Pulse oximetry Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Pulse Oximetry Video Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of pulse oximeters. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Pleurocentesis Surgical puncture and aspiration of fluid from the pleural cavity Pneumobronchotomy Incision of the lung and bronchus Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Pneumonectomy Excision of an entire lung Usually performed as a treatment for lung cancer Pulmonary angiography X-ray of the blood vessels of the lungs following injection of a contrast medium

Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Pulmonary function tests Diagnostic tests performed to determine cause of lung disease by evaluating lung capacity through the use of spirometry Tests include: tidal volume (TV) vital capacity (VC)

Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. . Figure 12.16 Pulmonary Function Test Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Pulmonary specialist Physician who specializes in the treatment of lung disease Respiratory specialist Medical health professional who specializes in the treatment of breathing disorders Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc.

All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Resuscitation To revive, to bring back to life or consciousness Most common form is cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Rhinoplasty Surgical repair of the nose, often for cosmetic reasons Septoplasty Surgical repair of the nasal septum Septotomy Incision of the nasal septum Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Sinusotomy Incision of a paranasal sinus Spirometer Instrument used to measure breathing volume Spirometry Procedure that uses a spirometer to measure breathing volumes

Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Spirometry Video Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of spirometry. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory

Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Stethoscope Diagnostic instrument used to hear sounds in the body, such as breathing TB skin test Test to determine the presence of a TB infection Also called PPD skin test or Mantoux skin test Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. TB Testing and Analysis Video Click on the screenshot to view a video on tuberculosis testing and analysis. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Back to Directory Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Figure 12.17 TB skin test Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.17 (continued) TB skin test Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Figure 12.17 (continued) TB skin test Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Thoracocentesis Surgical puncture into the chest cavity to aspirate fluid Also called thoracentesis Thoracoscopy

Examination of the thoracic cavity using a thoracoscope Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Thoracostomy Surgical puncture into the chest cavity, usually for the insertion of a tube

Thoracotomy Incision into the chest Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Tonsillectomy Excision of one or more tonsils, usually palatine tonsils in the back of the throat

Tracheoplasty Surgical repair of the trachea Tracheostomy Surgical creation of an opening into the trachea, usually for the insertion of a tube as a long-term treatment Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.18 Tracheostomy Source: (Ansell Horn/Phototake NYC) Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.18 (continued) Tracheostomy Source: (Ansell Horn/Phototake NYC) Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Treatments, Procedures, and Devices (cont.) Tracheotomy

Incision into the trachea Ventilation-perfusion scanning Diagnostic tool of nuclear medicine used to evaluate pulmonary function Can identify pulmonary embolism and pulmonary edema Abbreviated VPS Also called lung scan and V/Q scan Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Figure 12.19 Ventilation-perfusion scanning Source: Science Photo Library/Photo Researchers, Inc. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 12.19 Ventilation-perfusion scanning Source: Science Photo Library/Photo Researchers, Inc. Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Pharmaceuticals Antibiotics Antihistamines Antitussives Bronchodilators Corticosteroids

Decongestants Expectorants Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Abbreviations

ABGs AFB ARDS CF COPD CPR Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Abbreviations (cont.)

CXR flu HMD IRDS LLL LTB LUL

Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Abbreviations (cont.) MRI

NRDS OSA PCP PE PFT Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Abbreviations (cont.)

PPD RDS RLL RUL SARS Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Abbreviations (cont.) TB TV URI VC VPS or V/Q scan Unlocking Medical Terminology, Second Edition

Bruce Wingerd Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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    Closure Activity Each team will develop an informational brochure: symptoms of autism diagnosis of autism possible causes of autism treatment of autism Environmental Health Institute University of Rochester Medical Center Autism: A Pervasive Dilemma Alan Ascher Coordinating Mentor NYS Biology-Chemistry...
  • MIDATLANTIC ACQUISTIO N OPENING REMARKS JIM CLARK REGIONAL

    MIDATLANTIC ACQUISTIO N OPENING REMARKS JIM CLARK REGIONAL

    , either by the dictionary or what you specifically define in the RFQ or the RFP. As such, this will be the way you must evaluate it - if not, the procurement is vulnerable to lose a protest. Remember to...
  • department.monm.edu

    department.monm.edu

    Depicts the Gigantomachy- battle between the Olympians and the Titans (Zeus vs. Cronos) Demeter fought alongside Zeus. Usually said to have wielded two torches. In other variations, wields either a sword or a spear in one hand and a flaming...
  • PowerPoint-presentatie

    PowerPoint-presentatie

    electronic prescribing. MyCareNet. access to the data by the patient . mobile health. 07/05/2019 - - ... Mobile health applications - validation pyramid. M3Requires M2 Positioned within Belgian health system Conditional financing (expert committee) M2.
  • Title Slide - WikiSpaces

    Title Slide - WikiSpaces

    Note: All employees must sign an agreement when hired acknowledging that they have been informed of the different options that will be optional for them to participant in. Part-time employees will be informed of the benefits that are available to...
  • Injury Indicators

    Injury Indicators

    Why the Government was right to change the 'Our Healthier Nation' accidental injury target. Public Health 2000; 114: 232-7 From Aim to Objectives Objectives Identify the characteristics of an ideal indicator. Agree robust definitions of a case that will be...
  • Databases (bases de données)

    Databases (bases de données)

    The principal themes of this presentation. An introduction to my research into the personal work system and personal working model of knowledge workers. The research question: What is the contribution of personal information management systems PIMS to the Working Model...
  • Geolocating:

    Geolocating:

    Regions derive their character through the cultural landscape. The Cultural landscape is a combination of cultural (language, religion, etc.), economic (agriculture, industry, etc.) and physical (climate, vegetation, etc) features. Carl Sauer said, "Culture is the agent, the natural area the...