Chapter 17 What does neuter mean? neither masculine
Chapter 17 What does neuter mean? neither masculine nor feminine What is the neuter rule? nominative and accusative are the same Nouns we have met so far - fill in the Latin nominative and genitive for the English meanings: 2nd declension help stick danger room tracks, footprints vehicle silence
wagon, cart 3rd declension journey murmur, rumble name load, burden time Activity 1 Decline the following neuter nouns. Latin singular English singular Latin plural nom: gen: dat: acc:
abl: periculum, periculi tempus, temporis English plural II.Verbs A. Person and Number singular -m = I 1st: -o, ______ plural ______ = we mus -s -tis 2nd: ______= you ______ =
you all -t = he, it, she ______ -nt = they 3rd: ______ time of the__verb B. Tense _______________ happening now present tense __________________ singular plural 1st: custodio I guard custodimus we guard 2nd: custodis you guard custoditis you all guard 3rd: custodit he, she guards
custodiunt they guard uncompleted past imperfect tensean ________________________ action singular plural 1st: custodiebam I was guarding custodiebamus we were guarding 2nd: custodiebas you were guarding 3rd: custodiebat he, she was custodiebatis you all were guarding custodiebant they were guarding guarding 2nd principal part C. Infinitive ________________ of the verb -re in _____, and translates to___________
pernocto 1st principal part pernoctre ending to spend the night 2nd principal part infinitive meaning D. Imperative ________________________ command form of the verb 1st conjugation 2nd conjugation 3rd conjugation 4th conjugation infinitive: vocre imperative: sedre
plural you all call! nolite vocre! dont call! Activity 2 conjugate the following verbs. Latin - singular English singular Latin plural 1st: 2nd: 3rd: ludo, ludere custodio, custodre English - plural
Activity 3 - translate the sentence in present tense, then change the verb to imperfect and translate the new sentence. 1. Cornelia, quid legis? Cornelia, quid __________________? 2. Ita vero, custodio equos in vi. Ita vero, _______________ equos in vi. 3. Pernoctatisne in caupon? ____________________ in caupon? III. Irregular Verbs fill in the infinitive form and meaning of each verb. Get out your coral colored irregular verb chart 1st principal part infinitive
meaning sum _____________ ____________________ volo _____________ ____________________ _____________ nolo eo ____________________ _____________ possum
fero ____________________ _____________ _____________ ____________________ ____________________ duc, dic, fac, and fer have an -e that isnt there Fer aquam, serve! Activity 4 - Change singular to plural and translate singular plural ______________
English plural 1. volo _______________ 2. non vis ______________ _______________ 3. fert ______________ _______________ 4. eo ______________
_______________ 5. ibat______________ _______________ 6. vult ______________ _______________ Activity 5 Change plural to singular and translate plural singular English singular 1.
5. nolebatis______________ _______________ 6. ferunt ______________ _______________ _______________ Activity 6 Change from the present to imperfect, or vice versa. 1. vult _________________ 4. ferebat __________________ 2. ibant ________________ 5. it ____________________
3. volebas _______________ 6. non vult__________________ Activity 7 translate the following sentences with irregular verbs. 1. In fossam descendere nolo. 2. Plaustrum onus fert. 3. Cornelii et Eucleides ad cauponam eunt. 4. Syrus raedam e foss extrahere vult. 5. Cistas ad raedam ferimus. 6. Ego cum amicis Romam eo. 7. Aurelia in caupon pernoctre non vult. 8. Noli in cauponam re, Cornelia! 9. Fer* aquam, serve! (fer! bring!) 10. I, fatue! Activity 8- Read each question and translate it. Then give an answer in a complete sentence in Latin. 1. Ubi Sextus manebat?
2. Unde Cornelii veniunt? 3. Cur Romam re non poterant? 4. Quid fers, Dave? 5. Quid Davus servos et ancillas facere iubebat? 6. Poterasne clamre? 7. Quo itis, Cornelii?
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