What is government? Every person must write a

What is government? Every person must write a

What is government? Every person must write a word or phrase on the board. Get out a half sheet and answer the following questions: Based

on your own thoughts and maybe combining what your peers wrote on the board, what is a government? We know governments exist, but are they essential? Provide 2 reasons why they are and 2 reasons why they may not be

I can define government and the basic powers every government holds describe the four defining characteristics of the state identify four theories that attempt to explain

the origin of the state understand the purpose of government in the United States and other countries Learning Targets for the day The institution through

which a society makes and enforces its public policies. What are public policies? Government All of the things a

government decides to do Therefore, what types of issues does government have to deal with? Public Policies Taxation Defense

Education Crime Health care The environment Civil rights Worker rights Welfare

Rank the above in order of importance to you (9 = most important) Tackling these issues is a part of the political game. Politics

Man is by nature a political animal. -Aristotle Is politics a bad word? So where does all of this (government, public policy,

politics) take place? Population Territory Sovereignty Government The State

How did the state come about? The Force Theory

The Evolutionary Theory The Divine Right Theory The Social Contract Theory Major Political Ideas One person or a group

claimed control over an area and forced all within it to submit to that persons or groups rule. Force Theory The state was born naturally out of the

family unit concept. One person was the head of a household (little government), then a network of related families formed clans (a little bigger government), then the clan became a tribe (much larger government), then the tribe took to agriculture and tied itself to the land. Then the state was born.

Evolutionary Theory People were bound to obey the ruler as proscribed by sacred religious beliefs, and then

heredity. Divine Right Theory Thomas Hobbes In the state of nature profit is the

measure of right. John Locke Government has no other end, but the preservation of property. Jean

Jacques Rousseau Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains. Social Contract Theory Form

a More Perfect Union Establish Justice Insure Domestic Tranquility Provide for the Common Defense Promote the General Welfare Secure the Blessing of Liberty Purpose of Government (at least ours- What does each really mean? Does America accomplish these?)

Read Section 1: Government and the State Have them answer the two questions

I can Classify governments according to three sets of characteristics Define systems of government based on who can participate Identify different ways that power can be

distributed, geographically, within a state Describe a government by how power is distributed between the executive branch and legislative branch Forms of Government http://

www.youtube.com/watch?v=dO OTKA0aGI0&feature=player_e mbedded Democracy Autocracy Dictatorship Oligarchy

Who Can Participate? Current Autocrats What an oligarchy might look like. Unitary Federal Confederate

Geographic Distribution of Power Presidential System Parliamentary System

Relationship Between Legislative and Execute Branches What are the differences? Which is better? Think-pair-share the

three views of the presidency. I can Understand the foundations of democracy

Analyze the connections between democracy and the free enterprise system Identify the role of the Internet in a democracy Basic Concepts of Democracy

What does this image say about democracy? Do you agree? A recognition of the fundamental worth and dignity of every person A respect for the equality of all persons

A faith in majority rule and an insistence upon minority rights An acceptance of the necessity of compromise An insistence upon the widest possible degree of individual freedom Basic Notions of Democracy

Control over government decision about policy is constitutionally vested in elected officials Elected officials are chosen in frequent and fairly conducted elections Practically all adults have the right to vote Practically all adults have the right to run for elective office Citizens should have the rights to express themselves without

danger of severe punishment Citizens have a right to seek out alternative sources of information Citizens have the right to form relatively independent associations or organizations Popularly elected officials cannot be overridden by unelected officials The polity must be self-governing

What Hart Adds to This Definition What does this say about democracy? Do you agree? Solutions?

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