Developing A National Water Quality Monitoring Network Design

Developing A National Water Quality Monitoring Network Design

Developing A National Water Quality Monitoring Network Design NWQMC July 26, 2005 Origins of the Proposal An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century Final Report of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy The US Ocean Action Plan

The Administrations Response Both called for the creation of a National Water Quality Monitoring Network National Water Quality Monitoring Network Three Recommendations: 1. Develop network that coordinates and expands existing efforts 2. The network should include coverage in

both the coastal and upland areas that affect them, and be linked to the Integrated Ocean Observing System 3. Network must have clear goals, specify core variables, and an appropriate sampling framework, and be periodically Council is a 35-member committee under the Advisory Committee on Water Information (ACWI) ACWI is Chartered under the Federal Advisory Committee Act ACWI members accepted task from CEQ and

NSTC for Council to Design a National Water Quality Monitoring Network (NMN) Council has already developed many products to address these problems (see Council brochure) National Water Quality Monitoring Network Challenge:

Common information goals Compatible design approaches Sampling timing Metadata standards Parameter specifications Field data collection & handling Analytic procedures Data storage, and data access practices

National Water Quality Monitoring Network Councils Organization of the Effort Design Workgroup Inventory Workgroup Steering Committee

Methods & Data Comp Workgroup Data Assembly & Access Participant Affiliation Industr y 7% State &

Tribal 28% Local 2% Federal 40% Academia 23%

57 Participants in the National Water Quality Network Design Approach to the Design Design the network using criteria derived from: Specified goals and objectives Management questions Compare design with existing monitoring efforts Then:

Retain Add or Extend Enhance Define as external to the Network Goals of the National Water Quality Monitoring Network Integrate, coordinate, and as necessary enhance water quality monitoring efforts

needed to make informed management decisions for sustainable use of aquatic resources. Communicate the availability of quality assured data, and disseminate information products relevant to national, regional and local needs. Objectives of the National Water Quality Monitoring Network 1. Define status and trends of key water quality parameters and conditions on a nationwide basis. 2. Provide data relevant to determining whether goals, standards,

and resource management objectives are being met, thus contributing to sustainable and beneficial use of coastal and inland water resources. 3. Provide data to identify and rank existing and emerging problems to help target more intensive monitoring, preventive actions, or remediation. 4. Provide data to support and define coastal oceanographic and hydrologic research, including influences of freshwater inflows. 5. Provide quality-assured data for use in the preparation of interpretive reports and educational materials. The Six Environments Major river systems and major

tributaries of those primary drainages Estuaries Outlets of major estuaries and bays Near-shore coastal zone Regional aquifers Great Lakes Stressors Affecting Resources Oxygen depletion Nutrient enrichment Toxic contamination Sedimentation

Harmful algal blooms Habitat degradation Invasions by exotic species Pathogens (indicator bacteria) Regional IOOS Associations Major Rivers of the Conterminous U.S. Cumulative Drainage and Streamflow in Major Conterminous U.S. Rivers Dissolved Oxygen in the

Chesapeake Bay Illustrates the gap between what monitoring exists and what monitoring is useful to management Initial Network Design for Nontidal Monitoring 703 Stream Gages >1700 Water Quality 313 Active Stream Gages 389 Active Water-Quality

176 WQ Associated with Stream Gages 118 Sites Meet Frequency and/or Parameter Criteria for trends Progress To Date Focusing on the issue of oxygen depletion Assembling parameter lists for marine & estuarine waters Contacting other case study

areas Progress To Date We are addressing: Common definitions of environmental compartments Common information goals The use of different design approaches Common parameter specifications Sample timing We are starting to address:

Metadata standards Field data Collection & handling Analytic procedures Data storage, and data access practices Network Milestones Council Meeting: 2005

Interim report to ACWI: 2005 Council Meeting: 2005 Final report: 2006 Natl. Monitoring Conf. 2006 July 26-28, Sept 14, Nov 1-3, Mid-Jan

May 7-11, Charles Spooner US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Water 4503T 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20460 [email protected] 202-566-1174 Dr. Gail Mallard

US Geological Survey 2 Schumann Road Westerly, RI 02819 [email protected] 401-322-0902

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