Project B Products: Tools to improve Option Generation for ...
Generating Strategic Options and Exploring Distributional Impacts Final workshop of the DISTILLATE programme Great Minster House, London Tuesday 22nd January 2008 Peter Jones UCL 1 Objectives Objectives/Indicators (7) Scenarios (11) Assess problems (8) Barriers (10) Possible instruments (9)
To enhance the range, innovation and quality of options For strategies and schemes Four Option Generation Products Strategies Inside the box Packages of urban measures [KonSULT] Outside the Accessibility Planning options box (Barnsley Dearne) Schemes Streetspace main
road redesign (Bloxwich) Community space design (Blackpool) Four Option Generation Products Strategies Inside the box Packages of urban measures [KonSULT] Outside the Accessibility Planning options box (Barnsley Dearne) Schemes Streetspace main road redesign
(Bloxwich) Community space design (Blackpool) KonSULT: Generating Packages of Measures KonSULT is a web based knowledgebase developed at the University of Leeds http://www.konsult.leeds.ac.uk Assesses potential contribution of over 40 transport and land use policy instruments, to achieving a range of objectives/ addressing problems Uses both a first principles assessment and review of case studies Provides information about previous applications of selected instruments KonSULT Developing Option Generation Component The option generation tool has been developed to allow users to interrogate the information within the KonSULT database
and develop packages of policy instruments Users define their local circumstances and requirements, and the software then scores instruments in terms of their suitability in two steps: Step 1 Uses information within KonSULT to assess each policy instrument, based on the criteria supplied by the user. Scores and then ranks each one. Accessible at: http://www.konsult.leeds.ac.uk/new/private/level2/filter.php Step 2 Takes data from Step 1 and adds information on synergy or barriers to create potential packages of pairs of instruments. Add on available from [email protected] Input Criteria for Step 1 Example Output Step 1 Step 2 (Packages)
.xls spreadsheet model Uses output from step 1 Individual can select / unselect the indicators to be included in packages It creates a ranking of pairs of indicators using the combined score of the two policy instruments from step 1 and then modifies this score using either the synergy or barrier matrices Example Output Step 2 Accessibility Planning Options Development of several techniques: To assist with problem diagnosis as well as option identification Some designed for use with local residents Others designed for application by sector professionals Includes consideration of distributional impacts Resident Discussion Groups: Existing Access Patterns
Resident Discussion Groups: Exploring Options Professional Workshops: Investigating Spatial Strategies Professional Workshops: Developing solutions to access problems Defining Type of Service Provision Service Provision What Hospital Outpatients At Home Where In Villages In Wider Area Home Service/Delivery
Telephone/ Internet Mobile Service Local Service Direct Public Transport Access Public Transport Access via Interchange Monday-Friday Add service Reset 6 AM 9 AM 12 PM 3 PM 6 PM 9 PM 12 AM
6 AM 9 AM 12 PM 3 PM 6 PM 9 PM 12 AM 6 AM 9 AM 12 PM 3 PM 6 PM
9 PM 12 AM Saturday When Add service Reset Sunday Add service Reset General Problems Relating to Residential Location Wider Area Previous Sheet At Home In Villages
Direct Access by Public Transport Access via Interchange by Public Transport Limited Availability of Local Fresh Food Information, Quality and Availability Add Access Issue Clear List Suggested Solutions Personal security concerns groups hanging around Walking and Street Environment Add Access Issue Clear List
Suggested Solutions Cant use pass on different operators on same route Cost of Transport Add Access Issue Clear List Suggested Solutions Low frequency Lack of evening services Public Transport Add Access Issue Clear List Suggested Solutions Uncertainty about making connection Interchanges
Add Access Issue Clear List Suggested Solutions Solutions: Known Options Walking and Street Environment Problems Solution 1 Solution 2 Solution 3 Pavements not suitable for buggies Widen footways Ban pavement parking and enforce and wheelchairs (too narrow or pavement parking) Cars drive too quickly on Introduce physical speed reduction Use of regulations: 20 mph speed residential streets measures: speed humps, chicanes limits, give way at junctions, park
on alternate sides of street Unsafe crossing places at Provide informal crossing facilities: Provide zebra, pelican or puffin junctions refuges, speed tables crossings Designate priority walking routes, with better physical conditions, maintenance and enforcement Enforcement of speed limits Unsafe crossing places at bus stops/stations Resite bus stops to safer locations Provide informal crossing facilities: Provide zebra, pelican or puffin refuges, speed tables crossings Personal security concerns poor Improve lighting levels and colour lighting
Remove potential hiding places and improve sight lines Personal security concerns groups hanging around Improve leisure facilities for young School sessions, to encourage people more responsible behaviour Provide community wardens Solutions: More Open Options Re-DEFINE types of services provided? Align more closely to customer needs Re-LOCATE points of service delivery? Become closer to customers/users Re-TIME patterns of service delivery? Align with customer timing needs Re-FRESH services? To improve quality
CO-OPERATE with other agencies? Joined-up, seamless service delivery, for better efficiency and effectiveness Distributional Impacts For different groups of people For different residential locations/public transport service patterns For different sector agencies Constraints: Older People Type of Person Older person Service Hospital Outpatients Previous Sheet N
Type of constraint Monday to Friday Personal Constraints Add Constraint Delete... 1 Full fare travel 6 AM 9 AM 12 PM 3 PM 6 PM 9 PM 12 AM
6 AM 9 AM 12 PM 3 PM 6 PM 9 PM 12 AM 6 AM 9 AM 12 PM 3 PM 6 PM
9 PM 12 AM 6 AM 9 AM 12 PM 3 PM 6 PM 9 PM 12 AM Child/Adult Care Constraints Add Constraint Delete...
Service Hours Available Time 1 Home carer Constraints: Young Families Type of constraint Monday to Friday Personal Constraints 1 Shift work Add Constraint Delete... 6 AM 9 AM 12 PM 3 PM
6 PM 9 PM 12 AM Child/Adult Care Constraints Add Constraint Delete... 6 AM 9 AM 12 PM 3 PM 6 PM 9 PM
12 AM 6 AM 9 AM 12 PM 3 PM 6 PM 9 PM 12 AM 6 AM 9 AM 12 PM 3 PM
6 PM 9 PM 12 AM Service Hours Available Time 1 Children to school 1 Children after school Problems Relating to Location: Public Transport Timings Distributional Impacts: Agencies Sectors work to tightly drawn targets, or profit seeking criteria Efficiency savings are sometimes based on externalising internal costs So, changes in service delivery patterns in one sector can have (negative) impacts on
others Cross-sector Impacts KEY: School Closure/Consolidation Better educational provision Efficiency savings Benefit to Sector Close School: Consolidate Sites Larger numbers of pupils at one site Further travel distances for some Disbenefit to Sector
Loss of after-school activities at closed site Consequences Greater risk of bullying Intimidation in surrounding streets Fewer social/ leisure activities Fewer walk or cycle More go by car Greater antisocial behaviour SECTORS: Education More go by bus/train Policing Reduced physical
exercise More traffic around school: - congestion - accidents More pupils on buses: -crowding - intimidation Health Transport Questions? Contact Professor Peter Jones Centre for Transport Studies, UCL [email protected] Tel: 020 7679 0478 www.distillate.ac.uk
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