Principles of the Constitution - Weebly

Principles of the Constitution - Weebly

WARM-UP CAN A LAW BE ILLEGAL? (EXPLAIN YOUR ANSWER) WHO HAS TO OBEY LAWS? STUDENTS? SCHOOL PRINCIPAL? THE POLICE? THE PRESIDENT? E H T S IT IM L N IO T U IT ST

N O C E H T W O H E IB F O N SS.7.C.1.7 DESCR IO T A R

A P E S H G ROU H T T N E M N R E V O G

POWERS OF . S E C N A L A B D N A S K POWERS AND CHEC ITS E IZ

N G O C E R D N A AW L F O E L U R E H

T E IN AN IC SS.7.C.1.9 DEF R E M A E H T F O T N ME P

O L E V E D E H T N O INFLUENCE EM. T S Y S L A

T N E M N R E GOV WHAT ARE PRINCIPLES? A PRINCIPLE IS A KIND OF RULE, BELIEF, OR IDEA THAT GUIDES YOU BASIC BELIEFS BY WHICH PEOPLE LIVE THEIR LIVES

HOW DO PRINCIPLES WORK IN THE CONSTITUTION? PRINCIPLES GUIDE THE CONSTITUTION THEY ARE THE FOUNDATION ON WHICH OUR GOVERNMENT IS BUILT. 5 BASIC PRINCIPLES 1.POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY 2.LIMITED GOVERNMENT AND RULE OF LAW 3.SEPARATION OF POWERS 4.CHECKS AND BALANCES 5.FEDERALISM

POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY READ PG. 137 AND ANSWER IN YOUR FLIPBOOK EXPLAIN THE IDEA OF POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY HOW DOES THE CONSTITUTION GUARANTEE THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THE PEOPLE? LIMITED GOVERNMENT AND RULE OF LAW READ PG. 138 WHAT DOES LIMITED GOVERNMENT MEAN? THE U.S. GOVERNMENT IS ALSO LIMITED BY THE RULE OF LAW. WHAT DOES RULE OF LAW MEAN?

WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN IF THERE WAS NO RULE OF LAW? LETS PERFORM SKITS TO SEE! CHECKPOINT/WARM-UP (COPY QUESTION AND WRITE OUT THE ANSWER) WHICH CHARACTERISTIC SERVES AS A LONGTERM PROTECTION AGAINST TYRANNY AND IS A FOUNDATION OF LIBERTY IN THE UNITED STATES? A. THE COMMERCE CLAUSE B. THE ELASTIC CLAUSE C. THE RIGHT TO TRIAL D. THE RULE OF LAW SEPARATION OF

POWERS Preside nt Vice President SEPARATION OF POWERS EACH BRANCH HAS ITS OWN SEPARATE POWER LEGISLATIVE BRANCH LAWMAKING EXECUTIVE BRANCH EXECUTES LAWS (ENFORCES LAWS) JUDICIAL BRANCH INTERPRET LAWS

THIS WAS BASED ON THE IDEAS OF MONTESQUIEU WHOS GOT THE POWER? ACTIVITY SCAVENGER HUNT THROUGH THE CONSTITUTION WARM-UP (ANSWER IN COMPLETE SENTENCES) WHAT ARE THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT? LIST 1 POWER FOR EACH BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT.

CHECKS & BALANCES GOAL WAS TO KEEP ANY ONE OF THE THREE BRANCHES FROM BECOMING TOO POWERFUL. EACH BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT IS ABLE TO CHECK, OR LIMIT, THE POWER OF THE OTHER USE THE CHART ON PG. 139 TO HELP YOU FILL IN YOUR ACTIVITY SHEET COMPLETE CHECKS & BALANCES WORKSHEET

AND TURN IN CHECKPOINT/WARM-UP HOW CAN THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH CHECK THE ACTIONS OF THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH? HOW CAN THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH CHECK ACTIONS OF THE JUDICIAL BRANCH? FEDERALISM SS.7.C.3.4 Identify the relationship and division of powers between the federal government and state government. FEDERALISM Term Federal Government Definition

the organization through which political authority is exercised at the national level, government of the United States State Government the organization through which political authority is exercised at the state level, government of a specific state Local Government the governing body of a municipality or county

FEDERALISM Term Federal Government Definition the organization through which political authority is exercised at the national level, government of the United States State Government the organization through which political authority is exercised at the state level, government of

a specific state Local Government the governing body of a municipality or county You Do Visual Representation You Do FEDERALISM Term Federal Government Definition

the organization through which political authority is exercised at the national level, government of the United States State Government the organization through which political authority is exercised at the state level, government of a specific state Local Government the governing body of a municipality or county

Visual Representation Name of Where I Live Federalism is a system of government where power is divided and shared between the federal (national) government, the state governments and the local governments. The national government is also referred to as the federal government. In a federal system, the power of the government is distributed to different levels of government: national (federal), state, and local. Federalism is a core principle of our government. U.S. Constitution State Constitution

Federal Government Enumerated (Delegated) Powers Federal & State Governments Concurrent Powers State Governments Reserved Powers Local Governments

Type of Power Enumerated or Delegated Powers Definition powers specifically listed in the U.S. Constitution for the federal (national) government only Examples 1. The power to raise and support an army and navy. 2. The power to coin money. 3. The power to declare war. 4. The power to conduct foreign policy. 5. The power to regulate trade between states and internationally. Reserved Powers

powers that are given to the states 1. The power to run elections. by the Tenth Amendment to the 2. The power to set up and run schools. U.S. Constitution 3. The power to establish local governments 4. The power to regulate business in the state. Concurrent Powers powers shared by the federal (national) and state governments 1. The power to levy taxes (tax the people). 2. The power to establish courts. 3. The ability to borrow money. Local Government powers given to towns, cities and 1. The power to create speed limits. Powers

counties by the Florida 2. The power to protect citizens from crime. Constitution 3. The power to provide services related to garbage, sewage, fire protection, and traffic control. AMENDMENT X The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. AMENDMENT X The Tenth Amendment was included in the Bill of Rights to further define the balance of power between the federal government and the states. The amendment says that the federal government has only those powers specifically granted by the U.S. Constitution. Some of the powers of the federal government are the power to declare war, collect taxes, and regulate interstate business activities. According to the amendment, any power not listed is left to the states or the

people. Although the amendment does not specify what the state powers are, the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that laws affecting, divorce, adoption, commerce that occurs within a states borders, and local law enforcement are among the powers specifically reserved to the states or the people. Why is it important for citizens to know the powers of each level of government? Why do you think different levels of government are responsible for different things? What would be different if there was only a federal (national) government and no state or local entities? Or vice versa? IS IT FEDERAL, STATE, OR CONCURRENT? After Superstorm Sandy in October 2012, President Obama worked with Governor Chris Christie of New Jersey and pledged federal support to help repair the

massive storm damage throughout the state. What is this Concurrent an example of? IS IT FEDERAL, STATE, OR CONCURRENT? Each state has its own rules and regulations for obtaining a teaching certificate. If a teacher living in Florida would like to move and teach in Texas, he or she would need to pass one or more exams in order to be certified to teach in Texas. What is this an example Reserved of? IS IT FEDERAL, STATE, OR CONCURRENT? The state of Montana borders Canada. If a conflict occurs between Montana and Canada, can Montana declare war on Canada? No Why not?

ME JOURNAL WRITING SS.7.C.1.7 HOW DOES THE CONSTITUTION LIMIT THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT? SS.7.C.1.9 HOW DOES THE PRINCIPLE OF RULE OF LAW INFLUENCE THE AMERICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM? SS.7.C.3.4 WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF POWERS GIVEN TO FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS?

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