Principles of Developmental Assessment PSY 417 Assessment Zero to Three Work Group: Process designed to deepen an understanding of a childs competencies and resources, and of the caregiving and learning environments most likely to help a child make the fullest use of his/her developmental potential. Assessment should be an ongoing, collaborative process of systematic observation and analysis. This process involves formulating questions, gathering information,
sharing observations, and making interpretations in order to form new questions (1994). 8 Principles 1. Reliance on integrated model of infant and child development. 2. Use of multiple sources of information, strategies and data points. 3. Sequence that begins with gathering information from and planning assessment strategies with parents. 4. Clear understanding of typical
development. 8 Principles 5. Emphasis on childs level and pattern of organizing experiential and functional capacities, which represent an integration of emotional and cognitive abilities. 6. Identification of abilities, strengths and needs.
7. Collaboration with families and among assessors. 8. Recognition that assessment is simply a first step in intervention. Practices to be Followed with Young Children Should never be separated from caregiver. Should never be tested by strange examiner. Assessment should not be limited to assessment of motor and cognitive skills. Should rely on more than formal
tests/tools. Purposes of Assessment Screening High false positive Diagnosis Determining Eligibility for Services Planning Intervention Evaluating Treatment Outcomes Limited Predictive Validity
Developmental assessments have low predictability for later ability Correlation between late toddler scores on developmental tests (e.g., Bayley) and later childhood IQ is at best r = .49 Even worse when measured earlier (r=.06 when Bayley done in first 6 months)
For comparison, correlation between child and parents IQ is r=.42 If you want to know the childs IQ in infancy, youre better off testing the parent Reasons for Low Predictive Validity Measures during infancy very different from measures during childhood Hard to obtain valid measure of infant competence
Activity level/distractability Variable states/attention spans Wariness of strangers Inconsistent performance in an unfamiliar environment Predictive Validity On the other hand
Predictive validity is somewhat better with developmentally delayed children This is because VERY low scores on infant development tests tend to be predictive What can early childhood cognitive assessments do? Rule out sever MR Justify the need for early intervention services
Help determine focus and approach of those services Monitor the effectiveness of those services Importance of Context Developmental psychology is the science of the strange behavior of children in strange places with strange people for the briefest possible periods of time. Uri Bronfenbrenner, Human Ecology (1979)
Context of Assessment Most empirical work in child development lacks appreciation for environmental context However, research clearly shows that early childhood behavior is highly dependent on relational context Context of Assessment Environmental context may be even more important in understanding behavior of atypical infants than typical infants
They are developmentally younger so they are less independent Processing problems often make them more at the mercy of environmental challenges Context of Assessment When evaluating infant you are testing two things:
Their ability to complete the requested task Their willingness to engage in the unique social relationship of assessment Establishing Rapport Need to gain trust Before Assessment Meet parents/caregivers first Learn about childs:
Language abilities Preferences/interests Approach/withdrawal style Sensory issues Use this to plan assessment and approach During Initial Assessment
Talk to parents but concentrate on child Take notes on what you observe child doing Tailor the environment
How do they enter room, request help? What is spontaneous language like, eye contact, etc.? Lighting Windows to playground? Background noise? Best environments are low stimulation without being sterile Adapt Yourself Do not come on too strong
Be friendly without being overly intense Be flexible on how much time toddlers need to acclimated Gradually move into assessment Initial chatting with parents, to chatting with child, to talking about assessment, to administering items
General Problem There are a few of multicast use cases for AMI (Advance Metering Infrastructure) networks, as being addressed in 802.21d Firmware/Configuration update Failover/Failback Broadcast and multicast in the mesh topology can be traffic intense In order to avoid broadcast/multicast...
Central point of access for integrated assessment for involuntary mental health (Baker Act) and substance abuse (Marchman Act). Jail Diversion for Law Enforcement use in Orange County . State of the art facility, only one of its kind in the...
Make a list of the 7 characteristics of Living Things (MRS NERG) Make a list of the 5 Kingdoms of Living Things (try to write an example for each) Extension. Research one of the 5 Kingdoms in more detail. Make...
Coagulation: Purpose Removal of turbidity historically the reason for coagulation Removal of natural organic matter more recently of importance Some removal of pathogens giardia, cryptosporidium Flocculation: Purpose Promote agglomeration of particles into larger floc Units often designed on the basis...
COMPARISON OF MEANS. QUESTION #10c. Use Excel to perform a paired samples t-test to evaluate whether or not the mean Motivation level is significantly different from mean Commitment level in the population.
End of reciprocity treaty and corn laws = need for new markets. Fast way to move troops around. In case of USA invasion. Enable western expansion - Sea to Sea. Before USA would be able to annex North west. All...
Livers are obtained through the UNOS, United Network of Organ Sharing in cooperation with OPO, organ procurement organizations. In Jacksonville, we use Lifequest. There are presently 2300 people waiting for organ transplants within our area.
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!