Neural correlates of processing musical meaning (semantics) Stefan
Neural correlates of processing musical meaning (semantics) Stefan Koelsch What is musical meaning? Music is capable of transferring meaning information, and is an important means of communication. Most theorists distinguish between
different aspects of musical meaning: (a) meaning which emerges from common patterns or forms (e.g., musical sound patterns that resemble sounds of objects, or qualities of objects) (b) meaning which arises from the suggestion of a particular mood
(e.g., happy) (c) meaning due to extramusical associations (e.g., any national anthem) (d) meaning that emerges from combinations of formal structures that create tension (e.g., when perceiving an unexpected chord) and resolution (L.B. Meyer, 1956). The emergence of meaning based on the processing of musical structure requires integration of both
expected and unexpected events into a larger, meaningful musical context. Music can activate representations of meaningful concepts Koelsch et al., Nat Neurosci 2004
The N400 receives contributions from neurons located in the temporal lobe Koelsch et al., Nat Neurosci 2004 Affective priming paradigm
Steinbeis & Koelsch, PLoS-ONE 2008 Electric brain responses to word (A) and chord (B) targets Word targets incongruous with the expressed affect of the preceding chord elicited
an increased N400 between 300500 ms distributed broadly over the scalp (A) with a centro-parietal maximum. Chord targets incongruous with the expressed affect of the preceding word elicited an increased N400 between 200400 ms distributed broadly over the scalp (B) with a fronto-central maximum. Steinbeis & Koelsch, PLoS-ONE 2008 BOLD responses to word (A) and
chord (B) targets Incongruous word targets activated the right MTG (A), whereas incongruous chord targets activated the right posterior STS (B). Data is displayed at a threshold of p<0.005 (uncorrected) for visual purposes. Steinbeis & Koelsch, PLoS-ONE 2008
Brain structures for processing meaning in music and language overlap Wernickes area Priming studies with chords & words N400 to words shows that musical information (even a
single chord) has systematic effects on semantic processing of words N400 to chords shows that such a semantic processing can also elicited by musical information The processing of musical semantics appears to involve the superior temporal sulcus / middle and superior temporal gyurs (right > left)
Caroline Traube, 2007 Interactions between music and language processing Processing of music can interact with languagesemantic processing
SS6CG5 Explain the structure of modern European governments. a. Compare the parliamentary system of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (United Kingdom), the federal system of the Federal Republic of Germany (Germany), and the federation of the...
Thou shalt not steal, covet, bear false witness, etc. ... Capture Theory vs. Public Interest Theory ... Automakers, oil and chemical industries, steel manufacturers, electric power companies, monopolies, etc. Has implications for the politics of regulation.
No Huddle No Mercy Offense. 1,728 points scored (2014-2015)(28-2) recordAveraged 58 ppg. 2015- (770) total points - 14 GamesLed State of Pennsylvania in Scoring2014-(958) total points- 16 GamesLed State of Pennsylvania in ScoringEstablished Pennsylvania State Scoring RecordHighest Scoring Team in...
Grow up 2005 as first private University in Macedonia with 5 faculties Law Economics Information Technologies Applied Foreign Languages Detectives and Security * FON University Today * The largest private University in the region FON University offers studies on 8...
Introduces the basic idea or general concept of the essay. Creates interest (the hook) Ends with a . thesis statement (controlling idea of the paper) Think of your introduction as a funnel. It starts with a broad, general overview of...
Lansing Core Values - Diversity, Exemplary Customer Care, Affordability, Health & Fitness, Professionalism - created by the staff, asked each to write down what values they believe the department has, combined all thoughts to these.
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!