ADHD ADD/ADHD AND THE GIFTED STUDENT Attention deficit

ADHD ADD/ADHD AND THE GIFTED STUDENT Attention deficit

ADHD ADD/ADHD AND THE GIFTED STUDENT Attention deficit (hyperactivity) Disorder How can they achieve their potential ? ADHD/ADD Who can have it? ADHD/ADD

ADHD/ADD What is it? These twice exceptional students may have LAYERS of abilities and disabilities that can hide behind each other, deceiving the most discerning observer. 1 Hyperactivivity 2 Impulsivity

3 Inattentiveness Just what is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder? There are three primary characteri stics of the ADHD student Hyperactivit y Difficulty Staying

Seated Constant Moveme nt Excessiv e Talking Fidgetin g Bouncing , Jumping Difficulty waiting for turns Interruptin g conversatio ns or activities Blurting out answers

Acting recklessly Not considering consequenc e Impulsivit y Inattentiveness Does Not Listen Easily Distracted Difficulty Following Directions

Does Not Complete Tasks Problems with Organizatio n ADHD OR NOT -How can I tell? ADHD/ADD Signs & symptoms appear by age 7 Symptoms present at home, school, and play Symptoms cause underachievement

at school Mistaken Identity Symptoms occur only in certain situations Medical conditions, stress, or psychological disorders Often confused with learning disability Children with ADD/ADHD Hyperactive and impulsive, but may

be Inattentive, but not hyperactive or impulsive able to pay attention Hyperactive, Inattentive, and Impulsive (most common) According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) . . . Approximately 11% of children 4-17 years of age (6.4 million) have been diagnosed with ADHD The percentage of

children with an ADHD diagnosis continues to increase Boys (13.2%) are more likely than girls (5.6%) to ever be diagnosed with ADHD. The average age of ADHD diagnosis was 7 years of age, but children reported by their parents as having more severe ADHD were diagnosed earlier.

MYTHS ABOUT ADD/ADHD #1: All kids with ADD/ADHD are hyperactive. Fact: Some children with ADD/ADHD are hyperactive, but many others with attention problems are not. Children with ADD/ADHD who are inattentive, but not overly active, may appear to be spacey and unmotivated. or pay attention. They may appear disobedient, but that doesnt mean theyre acting out on purpose. Myth #2: Kids with ADD/ADHD can never pay attention. Fact: Children with ADD/ADHD are often able to concentrate on activities

they enjoy. But no matter how hard they try, they have trouble maintaining focus when the task at hand is boring or repetitive. Myth Myth #3: Kids with ADD/ADHD could behave better if they wanted to. Fact: Children with ADD/ADHD may do their best to be good, but still be unable

to sit still, stay quiet, Myth #4: Kids will eventually grow out of ADD/ADHD. Fact: ADD/ADHD often continues into adulthood, so dont wait for your child to outgrow the problem. Treatment can help your child learn to manage and minimize the symptoms. Myth #5: Medication is the only treatment option for ADD/ADHD Fact: Medication is often prescribed for attention deficit disorder, but it might not be the best option for your child. Effective treatment for ADD/ADHD also includes education,

behavior therapy, support at home and school, exercise, and proper nutrition. AND THE GOOD NEWS IS . . . Children with ADD or ADHD: -are often extremely creative and imaginative -are frequently great problem-solvers -can be very observant and discerning -may consider options and be very flexible /spontaneous -are enthusiastic and

interested in lots of things -have lively personalities with energy and drive -may be gifted intellectually or artistically Trying to help is sometimes like -Trying to fit a round peg. . . . . . into a square hole ! leading to many frustrations on the part of teachers, parents, and

students #1: DONT WAIT! GET PROFESSIONAL HELP. THE SOONER THE CHILD IS DIAGNOSED, THE SOONER TREATMENT CAN BEGIN! #2: TREATMENT OPTIONS INCLUDE THERAPY, DIET AND EXERCISE PLAN, AND MODIFYING HOME AND SCHOOL ENVIRONMENTS TO MINIMIZE DISTRACTIONS. #3: PARENTS, TEACHERS, DOCTOR, AND THERAPISTS ALL WORK TOGETHER TO DESIGN A TREAT MENT PLAN THAT MEETS THE CHILDS SPECIFIC NEEDS. HELP IS

POS SIBL E! TREATMENT TAKES DIFFERENT SHAPES . . . BEHAVIOR THERAPY SOCIAL SUPPORT PARENT EDUCATIO N SPECIALIZ ED TRAINING MEDICATIO

N STRATEGIE S . . . BUT WITH EVERYONE WORKING TOGETHER, ALL THESE PARTS CAN MAKE A WHOLE! SUCCE SS REFERENCES & w paradigm for reversing underachievement (CRS95310). Storrs, CT: University d.

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