History of Wildlife Management Humans colonize N.A. Quaternary
History of Wildlife Management Humans colonize N.A. Quaternary Period, Pleistocene Epoch ice ages 10,000 ybp Large mammal extinctions (exploitation?) = 66% of megafauna extinct History of Wildlife Management 500 ybp, Europeans arrive. Spanish bring horses, livestock Other Europeans exploit fisheries, fur,
meat, feathers. (1870-1915) History of Wildlife Management Fur trade & near extinction of beaver (Castor canadensis) History of Wildlife Management Fur trade & near extinction of beaver (Castor canadensis) Market hunting Near extinction of bison : 60M to ~150
History of Wildlife Management Market hunting Bison Successful extinction of passenger pigeon - immense abundance (400 km long, 1800) History of Wildlife Management Passenger pigeon - immense abundance (400 km long, 1800) - 1878 3 months,
1.5 M pigeons from MI to market History of Wildlife Management Passenger pigeon - last sighting 1899 - 14-yr old boy shot last wild pigeon in Ohio (1900) - last captive pigeon died:
Male (1912) Female (1914) History of Wildlife Management Habitat loss & Exploitation History of Wildlife Management Example: wood ducks wild turkeys -
History of Wildlife Management Example: (MI) American marten - fisher - Aldo Leopold (1887-1948) Born in Burlington, IA Avid outdoorsman
Summers in MIs Les Cheneaux Islands Aldo Leopold Masters in Forestry Yale Univ. School of Forestry 19 yrs with USFS (NM/AZ) 1933 Professor of Game Management, UW-Madison Estella & Aldo
Aldo Leopold UW-Madison Arboretum Avid birder Restoration ecology
Phenology Conservationist Sustainability Father of Modern Wildlife Management Aldo Leopold A Sand County Almanac Game Management 1st university wildlife program (UWMadison)
co-founder The Wilderness Society Land Ethic The Professor Leopolds Law of Interspersion of Habitat The Shack
to live on a piece of land without spoiling it. Aldo Leopold Legacy Center Site of Leopolds Death Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System Locally-harvested wood 1st carbon neutral building Annually, produce 110% of the energy consumed on site Use 70% less energy than a
typical 12,000 ft2 building built simply to code Modern Wildlife Management Benefits & Uses of Wildlife Resources Economics Consumption Benefits & Uses of Wildlife
Resources Non-consumptive recreation - S u rv e yo fW ild life
-R e la te d R e c re a tio n
1 9 5 5 . 1 9 8 0
1 9 8 5 1 9 9 1 1 9
9 6 1 0 % 1 0 % ($8 .5
B ) 9% ($ 1 0 B ) 7 %
($ 1 2 B ) 7 % ($ 1 7 B
) 1 8 % 2 5 % ($ 1 7
B ) 2 6 % ($ 2 8 B )
2 0 % ($ 2 5 B ) 1 8 %
($ 3 6 B ) ? ? ? 4 9
% ($4 B ) 7 4 % ($ 1 4 B
) 3 9 % ($ 1 8 B ) 3
1 % ($ 2 9 B ) National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation
1996-2006 Trends: Numbers (Millions) National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation 1996-2006 Trends: Expenditures (Billions of 2006 USD) National Survey of
Fishing, Hunting, and 2006 Trends Hunting Fishing National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation 1996-2006 Trends in MI:
Numbers (thousands) National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation 1996-2006 Trends in MI: Expenditures (Millions of 2006 USD) National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and
Benefits & Uses of Wildlife Resources Other benefits Public Attitudes, Ethics, Values Natural resources professionals = Stakeholder groups are diverse: Future for Wildlife Teaming with Wildlife & State wildlife
agency funding proposals what is this? Should non-consumptive users have a tax similar to anglers and hunters? What proposals are being considered? http://www.teaming.com/pdf/ tww_history.pdf
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