History of Wildlife Management Humans colonize N.A. Quaternary

History of Wildlife Management  Humans colonize N.A. Quaternary

History of Wildlife Management Humans colonize N.A. Quaternary Period, Pleistocene Epoch ice ages 10,000 ybp Large mammal extinctions (exploitation?) = 66% of megafauna extinct History of Wildlife Management 500 ybp, Europeans arrive. Spanish bring horses, livestock Other Europeans exploit fisheries, fur,

meat, feathers. (1870-1915) History of Wildlife Management Fur trade & near extinction of beaver (Castor canadensis) History of Wildlife Management Fur trade & near extinction of beaver (Castor canadensis) Market hunting Near extinction of bison : 60M to ~150

History of Wildlife Management Market hunting Bison Successful extinction of passenger pigeon - immense abundance (400 km long, 1800) History of Wildlife Management Passenger pigeon - immense abundance (400 km long, 1800) - 1878 3 months,

1.5 M pigeons from MI to market History of Wildlife Management Passenger pigeon - last sighting 1899 - 14-yr old boy shot last wild pigeon in Ohio (1900) - last captive pigeon died:

Male (1912) Female (1914) History of Wildlife Management Habitat loss & Exploitation History of Wildlife Management Example: wood ducks wild turkeys -

History of Wildlife Management Example: (MI) American marten - fisher - Aldo Leopold (1887-1948) Born in Burlington, IA Avid outdoorsman

Summers in MIs Les Cheneaux Islands Aldo Leopold Masters in Forestry Yale Univ. School of Forestry 19 yrs with USFS (NM/AZ) 1933 Professor of Game Management, UW-Madison Estella & Aldo

Aldo Leopold UW-Madison Arboretum Avid birder Restoration ecology

Phenology Conservationist Sustainability Father of Modern Wildlife Management Aldo Leopold A Sand County Almanac Game Management 1st university wildlife program (UWMadison)

co-founder The Wilderness Society Land Ethic The Professor Leopolds Law of Interspersion of Habitat The Shack

to live on a piece of land without spoiling it. Aldo Leopold Legacy Center Site of Leopolds Death Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System Locally-harvested wood 1st carbon neutral building Annually, produce 110% of the energy consumed on site Use 70% less energy than a

typical 12,000 ft2 building built simply to code Modern Wildlife Management Benefits & Uses of Wildlife Resources Economics Consumption Benefits & Uses of Wildlife

Resources Non-consumptive recreation - S u rv e yo fW ild life

-R e la te d R e c re a tio n

1 9 5 5 . 1 9 8 0

1 9 8 5 1 9 9 1 1 9

9 6 1 0 % 1 0 % ($8 .5

B ) 9% ($ 1 0 B ) 7 %

($ 1 2 B ) 7 % ($ 1 7 B

) 1 8 % 2 5 % ($ 1 7

B ) 2 6 % ($ 2 8 B )

2 0 % ($ 2 5 B ) 1 8 %

($ 3 6 B ) ? ? ? 4 9

% ($4 B ) 7 4 % ($ 1 4 B

) 3 9 % ($ 1 8 B ) 3

1 % ($ 2 9 B ) National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation

1996-2006 Trends: Numbers (Millions) National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation 1996-2006 Trends: Expenditures (Billions of 2006 USD) National Survey of

Fishing, Hunting, and 2006 Trends Hunting Fishing National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation 1996-2006 Trends in MI:

Numbers (thousands) National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation 1996-2006 Trends in MI: Expenditures (Millions of 2006 USD) National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and

Benefits & Uses of Wildlife Resources Other benefits Public Attitudes, Ethics, Values Natural resources professionals = Stakeholder groups are diverse: Future for Wildlife Teaming with Wildlife & State wildlife

agency funding proposals what is this? Should non-consumptive users have a tax similar to anglers and hunters? What proposals are being considered? http://www.teaming.com/pdf/ tww_history.pdf

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