What is the best way to find the

What is the best way to find the

What is the best way to find the truth? Fiction and Nonfiction All categories of books or stories can be called either fiction or non-fiction. Non-Fiction Fiction

Has A made facts upthat story can be checked and proven The Can author tell about

is an things expert that oncould this information. happen Is read for fun Characters may be like real people or

imaginary Fiction or Nonfiction? Fiction Story is created from the authors imagination Stories are pretend

Animals or objects can talk, wear clothes, have jobs People in the story can do things people cannot really do Story might have funny pictures

Forms of Fiction There are three main forms of fiction. 1) Novel: long work of fiction; contains the basic elements of fiction; may contain subplots along with the main plot Subplots: independent related stories 2) Novella: shorter than a novel but longer than a short story

3) Short Story: brief work of fiction; contains basic elements of fiction; one main plot; one conflict; most can be read in one sitting What is Fiction? Fiction is a story that is not real. Picture books Chapter books

Comics Story books Genres of Fiction Mystery (Nancy Drew) Horror (Goosebumps) Fantasy (Harry Potter) Science-fiction (Star Wars) Myths, Fairytales, Legends (Cinderella)

Historical Fiction (Letters from Rifka) Can you name any others? Elements of Fiction Setting Character Plot Point of View

Theme Symbolism Other Fiction or Nonfiction? Nonfiction Story is true and factual Stories are about real

people Book gives information Might have maps or real pictures Pictures have captions describing the photograph An index in the back helps find information Might have a glossary

which defines some words What is Non-Fiction? Text that is TRUE and based on REAL information Forms of Non-Fiction Text: Newspapers Dictionaries Encyclopedias

Scholastic News Textbooks Magazines Non-Fiction Books Forms of Nonfiction Two broad categories of nonfiction are literary nonfiction and functional texts. 1) Literary Nonfiction: has elements of fiction;

For example it might use vivid descriptions, a dramatic writing style, or poetic language. 2) Functional Texts: give instructions, show directions, explain rules, provide other information that helps you complete procedures; often use illustrations or graphics Literary Nonfiction

Autobiographies and memoirs: tell the story of the authors life Biographies: tell the story of someones life from the perspective of another writer Letters: written communications from person to person

Essays and Articles: brief works about a specific topic Reviews: tell what is good and what is bad about a work of art or performance. Reports:

give information about a topic explored through research Functional Texts Recipes: tell how to prepare food Directions: tell how to operate or assemble equipment

Schedules: tell when events take place Menus: tell which foods are available and their cost Brochures: use pictures and text to advertise places or events Maps: are diagrams that show areas of land Applications: are written requests to an authority

Features of Non-Fiction Table of Contents Glossary Index Headings Bold Print Photographs/Real Pictures Charts, Graphs, and Maps Captions

Fact and Opinion Leave your notes on your desk! Get out your practice paper! Write Features of Nonfiction on your paper and then answer the following. Table of Contents

It tells you what is in the book It tells you the heading and the page number It is found in the front Table of Contents What is Fiction? What is Non-Fiction? Features of Non-Fiction Forms of Non-Fiction

Page 1 Page 3 Page 5 Page 10 I can learn about the Features of Non-Fiction on page: a. 1 b. 4 c. 5

Glossary It gives you a word and its definition It is in alphabetical order The important words are in bold print Usually found in the back of the text Index A list in alphabetical order of common

important words or topics with page numbers Found in the back of the text True or False: Topics found in the index can appear on more than one page in the text. FALSE

TRUE Headings They tell us what the new topic is about Found at the top of the page or at the beginning of a new topic Bold

Print The print will be thicker and darker than other words Found throughout the text This is a presentation on the features of fiction and non-fiction. If this were a nonfiction book, you could go to the Glossary to find the meanings of the words that are in

Bold Print. Which of the following words in the above paragraph are in bold print? a. fiction b. features c. Glossary

Photographs/Real Pictures They are real pictures or photographs, not drawings or cartoons. Found throughout the text Charts, Graphs, and Maps Illustrations of important information Found throughout the text

Captions A caption explains what a picture, chart, graph, or map is about. Captions are found near a picture, chart, graph, or maps Example of a caption:

This is an image of a monarch caterpillar taken at a butterfly garden in Florida. Fact & Opinion A fact is a true statement. An opinion is something that someone thinks.

Fact or opinion? Mrs. Greers room is prettier than Mrs. Saylors room. Table of Contents It tells you what is in the book It tells you the heading and the page number It is found in the front

Table of Contents What is Fiction? What is Non-Fiction? Features of Non-Fiction Forms of Non-Fiction Page 1 Page 3 Page 5

Page 10 c. 5 I can learn about the Features of Non-Fiction on page: a. 1 b. 4 c. 5 Index

A list in alphabetical order of common important words or topics with page numbers Found in the back of the text TRUE True or False: Topics found in the index can appear on more than

one page in the text. FALSE TRUE Bold Print The print will be thicker and darker than

other words Found throughout the text a. fiction This is a presentation on the features of fiction and non-fiction. If this were a nonfiction book, you could go to the Glossary to find the meanings of the words that are in Bold Print.

Which of the following words in the above paragraph are in bold print? a. fiction b. features c. Glossary Fact & Opinion

A fact is a true statement. An opinion is something that someone thinks. Fact or opinion? Mrs. Greers room is prettier than Mrs. Saylors room. Opinion

Leave your notes on your desk! Get out your practice paper! Write Fiction/Nonfiction on your paper and then answer the following. Fiction or Nonfiction? a mouse that sings how to cook spaghetti the life of the president of the United States

a person who can jump over a house flowers that sing an elephant that wears a ballerina tutu wild animals that live in Africa the surface of the moon a dog that can talk how to grow a garden a moose that can drive a bus how the heart pumps blood in the body

a tree made of chocolate and gumdrops which foods are healthy to eat how to draw a bird a snowman that comes to life Elements Setting Character Point of View

Plot Theme Narrator Setting Setting: the time, place and period in which the action takes place.

The Catcher in the Rye:New York, 1940s Lord of the Flies: deserted island, the future.

The Bean Trees: Arizona/Oklahoma 1980s. The time and place of the story is the setting Setting Where the story takes place. It could be a

real place or an imaginary place. Setting Setting Time and place are where the Details that describe:

Furniture action occurs Scenery Customs Transportation Clothing Dialects Weather Time of day

Time of year Leave your notes on your desk! Get out your practice paper! Write setting on your paper and then answer the following. Describe the setting.

Describe the setting. Describe the setting. Describe the setting. Describe the setting. Characters

Characters The people, animals, or things in the story. Every story needs characters People

Animals Or Creatures The protagonist is the good guy Write down 5

Protagonist. The antagonist is the bad guy or force Write down 5 Antagonist. Factors in Analyzing

Characters Physical appearance of character Personality Background/personal history Motivation Relationships Conflict Does character change?

Point of View The point of view is the perspective of the story That rotten wolf tried to eat I was framed!

I just wanted to borrow a cup of sugar! Plot Plot The series of

events and actions that takes place in a story. Theme Theme The theme of a piece of fiction is its message

about life. It usually contains some insight into the human condition. In most short stories, the theme can be expressed in a single sentence. In longer works of fiction, the central theme is often accompanied by a number of lesser, related themes, or there may be two or more central themes.

Example of Theme Every man needs to feel allegiance to his native country, whether he always appreciates that country or not. From A Man Without a Country by Edward Hale Central Idea

Nonfiction often conveys a central idea supported by details Narrator Narrator

A speaker or a character who tells a story. The narrators perspective is the way he or she sees things. What if the dog is the narrator?

Write 2 sentences as the dog. What if the little girl holding the kitten is the narrator?

Write 2 sentences from her perspective. the kitten is the narrator? Write 2 sentences from

his perspective. Symbolism Symbolism A symbol represents an idea, quality, or concept larger than itself. A Journey can symbolize life.

Black can represent evil or death. Water may represent a new beginning.

A lion could be a symbol of courage. Dialogue Dialogue Dialogue is a conversation between two or more characters.

Wheres teacher? Shell be back. Shed better hurry, well miss it! From All Summer in a Day by Ray Bradbury Get out one sheet of paper. Write my short story for the Pass up your practice paper! assignment.

Setting Select a number 1-5 1) Haunted House 2) South Middle School 3) Walmart 4) Your house 5) Mrs. Hands classroom

Write one paragraph describing your setting. Please be specific. Character Select a number 1-5 1. You 2. Scooby Doo 3. Edward Cullen 4. Lady Gaga

5. Minnie Mouse Write three sentences describing your character. (Character traits) Point of View Select a number between 1-3. 1. From your view point 2. From your characters view point

3. From a different characters view point (who?) Create a story using your setting and character. Make sure to tell the story from the perspective of the name you selected for point of view.

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