Fruit Research at icipe Sunday Ekesi African fruit

Fruit Research at icipe Sunday Ekesi African fruit

Fruit Research at icipe Sunday Ekesi African fruit fly programme Interest Group Meeting on High Value Fruits Research, Nairobi, 06.06.07 Fruit Research at icipe Presentation outline Background to on-going research activity on fruit One relevant research activity and gaps to be filled Relevance to CGIAR System Priorities Critical need for new collaboration Potential for funding and strategy

Fruit Research at icipe Target crops: mango, citrus, banana, papaya & passion fruit Constraints: Production system Insect pests & disease diagnosis, IPM, technology transfer, Natural Resource Management Germplasm conservation/ evaluation/ exchange (collection & compilation)

Breeding for preferred end user traits: markers for biotic and abiotic stress Post harvest handling, storage and processing Invasion and problems of phytosanitary management

Marketing Databasing/ information exchange Fruit Research at icipe 1999-2007: African Fruit Flies Initiative (AFFI) Donor (IFAD) - Target crop: Mango, limited activities on citrus, banana, papaya - Target countries (Core operations: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda) 2007-2010: Mango IPM project Donor (BMZ) - Target countries (Benin, Kenya & Tanzania)

Relevant to CGIAR system priority 3A: - Increasing income from fruits and vegetables African Fruit Flies Initiative IFAD: 1999-2007 African Fruit Fly Initiative (Reseau Africain de la Mouche de Fruits) Accomplishments

Extensive programme network established (10 African countries) Food baits and traps developed for monitoring and suppression Entomopathogenic fungi developed (undergoing registration) Exotic parasitoids introduced & native ones shipped to partners IPM package (bait, fungus and orchard sanitation) field tested Quarantine sensitive tools developed and disseminated to

NPPOs Capacity building training of PhDs & MScs Major Research Gaps AFFI IFAD mango Other insect pests (outside fruit flies) and disease problems - need for an IPM approach targeting all pests & diseases Post harvest treatment, storage, processing technologies and value addition Classical biological control targeting invasive pest species Pilot production facility for bio-pesticides and attractants/baits to meet large scale application by farmers Monitoring tools and phytosanitary systems to guard against invasive

pest species, e.g. expanding invasive pest complex on major fruits Major Research Gaps AFFI IFAD mango NRM practices water and nutrient management requirements, low cost irrigation technologies Low supply of improved mango varieties with preferred end use traits (pest/disease resistance, high yield, non-fibrous, post harvest quality etc) Linking farmers to market and information systems Regulatory framework, certification, policy dialogue Capacity building at various levels of competencies Awareness campaigns on nutritional values of fruits Mango IPM

BMZ: 2007-2010 Activities Elucidate the biology and ecology of target pests Assess the role of indigenous and exotic natural enemies Develop new technologies suitable for smallholder Identified and tested exotic natural enemies Assemble, validate and implement IPM package

Top right: Bactrocera invadens Top left: Sternochetus mangiferae Down: Rastrococcus iceryoides Link farmers to market & processing information Critical needs for new collaborative research Post harvest Develop parameters, best-bet innovations Low cost processing, packaging, storing and shipment Bio-pesticides and attractants/baits for pests

Formulation techniques, Cost-effective production methods, registration/commercialization Diseases management Collaborate with experts in other institutions Integration of fruits into farming system Systems agronomists in specialist CGIAR centres Critical needs for new collaborative research Market efficiency and entrepreneurial development Market intelligence & information systems Smallholder linkages to market Germplasm conservation/ availability/ exchange/ propagation Conservation

Priority crops for propagation, stress reaction Seed/ planting material sanitation and micro-propagation Irrigation Low cost technologies, micro-irrigation, fertigation Need to expand research to citrus, banana, papaya & passion fruit Funding needs & strategy Relates largely to research gaps listed earlier Current traditional donors of icipe: IFAD, BMZ, USAID GlobalHort FAO/WHO Fruits and Vegetable Initiative USAID Horticulture CRSP

Alignment with CP on HVC Need to expand operations to other countries Lessons from the various research activities There is the need for understanding the synergy between different development partners limit undue research fragmentation Single bullet management approach is inefficient Interventions should be geared towards compliance with export market (also help boost domestic urban market) Standards required for export market increase adoption of new technologies Stringent market requirements (certification) threatens smallholders Certain management packages are expensive for smallholder (need for

local product development) Lessons from the various research activities Need to link farmers to marketing channels Access to improve varieties Organise farmers into functional working group to help technology diffusion Poor phytosanitary management skill threatens invasion by alien pests Need for tools and extension materials to support technology dissemination Promote awareness on nutritional value of fruits Thank you!

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