Meiosis Reduction Division Post Falls High School Science

Meiosis Reduction Division Post Falls High School Science

Meiosis Reduction Division Post Falls High School Science Department A. Sexual Reproduction

1. Asexual repro. needs only one parent 2. Sexual repro. needs two sex cells a. Sperm--male sex cell b. Egg--female sex cell

B. Importance of Sex Cells 1. In body cells, chromosomes found in pairs a. Pairs form because chromosomes are alike

b. Cell with 2 of every kind of chromosome is called diploid c. Sex cell is haploid--23 chromosomes in egg or sperm B. Importance of Sex Cells

2. Sexual repro starts with sex cell & ends with fertilization a. Zygote is formed in fertilization--in humans it is diploid or 2n with 46 chromosomes

Meiosis occurs in reproductive organs only; not in somatic (body) cells Meiosis is called reduction division because the chromosome number is reduced to half the

normal number for that particular species; from diploid (46 in humans) to haploid (23) in the gametes (sex cells) See Chapter 10 (Honors)

or 11 (General Biology) to discover the value, importance, and advantage organisms gain by meiosis and sexual reproduction

C. Meiosis--Sex Cell Formation 1. In meiosis, there are 2 divisions of the nucleus: meiosis I & meiosis II 2. Prophase I: double stranded

csomes and spindle fibers appear; nuclear membrane and nucleolus fade 3. Metaphase I: chromosome pairs (chromatids) line up

spindle fibers attach to centromeres and centrioles 4. Anaphase I: chromotids separate from matching pair

5. Telophase I: cytoplasm divides and 2 cells form 6. Prophase II: chromatids and spindle fibers reappear but no duplication of chromatids

occurs 7. Metaphase II: chromatids line up in the center of the cell spindle fibers attach to centromere & centriole

8. Anaphase II: centromere divides chromosomes split and move to opposite poles 9. Telophase II: spindle fibers disappear

nuclear membrane forms around chromosomes at each end of cell; cytokinesis occurs each nucleus has half the # of chromosomes as the original (haploid) now there are 4 sex cells (daughter cells)

So, all meiosis occurs identically, right? Actually, it is different in the male and female

processes! Check out the differences between spermatogenesis in males and oogenesis in females Spermatogenesis

Click below for an animation. Read the intro, view the animation, read the conclusion, and take the quiz.

Meiosis Why does the meiotic process produce so many more spermatozoa than ova? For a challenge, respond to the

questions on the following site: Some Questions for You

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