Making sense of ISIS David Siddhartha Patel Crown

Making sense of ISIS David Siddhartha Patel Crown

Making sense of ISIS David Siddhartha Patel Crown Center for Middle East Studies, Brandeis University March 19, 2015

Outline

Origins of ISIS ISIS/ISIL/DAESH/IS ?!? Goals

Intentions and philosophy Why has it been successful? Who is fighting ISIS and where? 2003-2011 Part of the Iraqi insurgency - Abu Musab al-Zarqawi

- - 1999-2004: Jamaat al-Tawhid wal-Jihad Oct 2004: Pledges allegiance to OBL; becomes al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI)

Highly sectarian targets Shiite mosques and civilians, Iraqi govt, U.S. Feb 2006: bombing of al-Askariyya shrine in Samaraa June 2006: Zarqawi killed Oct 2006: Declares Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) Largely defeated by the U.S. from June 2007 to 2010; reduced to sporadic bombing

May 2010: Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi takes over 2011-present Expansion into Syria fuels revival in Iraq - March 2011: Syrian civil war begins - Aug 2011: ISI sends cadres to Syria, who work with al-Nusra Front as al-Qaedas franchise. ISI becomes ISIS; renames itself in April 2013.

- March 2013: ISIS and allies take Raqqa - By Feb 2014: ISI/ISIS falls out with al-Nusra and al-Qaeda. All ties severed. Fights al-Nusra and FSA. Takes Fallujah in Jan 2014. Prison breaks in Iraq swell its ranks. - Early June 2014: ISIS takes Mosul, Tikrit, oil refinery in Baiji, Mosul dam - Late June 2014: ISIS proclaims itself a worldwide caliphate, The Islamic State. - Aug 2014: Attacks on Yazidis in Sinjar

- Aug 2014: Obama authorizes airstrikes against ISIS ISIS/ISIL/IS/Daish?!? ad-Dawlah al-Islmiyah fl-Irq wash-Shm

ISIS/ISIL/IS/Daish?!? ad-Dawlah al-Islmiyah fl-Irq wash-Shm Daish, DAESH ISIS/ISIL/IS/Daish?!?

ad-Dawlah al-Islmiyah fl-Irq wash-Shm ISIS The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria ISIL The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant ISIS/ISIL/IS/Daish?!?

ad-Dawlah al-Islmiyah fl-Irq wash-Shm The Islamic State The so-called Islamic State Islamic State (BBCs preferred term)

Area controlled by ISIS (1 November 2014) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_State_of_Iraq_and_the_Levant Area controlled by ISIS (1 November 2014) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_State_of_Iraq_and_the_Levant

Area controlled by ISIS (3 February 2015) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_State_of_Iraq_and_the_Levant The Golden Age of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, 632-661 a.k.a. the Rashidun

Abu Bakr 632-634 Umar 634-644 Uthman 644-656 Ali 656-661

From Marshall G.S. Hodgson. 1977. The Venture of Islam, Volume I. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press. 14

The spread of Islam, 622-750 The Rightly-Guided Caliphs followed by: Umayyad Caliphate 661-750, based in Damascus

Abbasid Caliphate 750-1258, based in Baghdad Others Ottoman Caliphate c. 1517-1924, based in

Istanbul 15 The early Islamic empire 16

is now divided into nation-states 17 Source: Thorp, Gene,

and Swati Sharma. 2015. Fighters to Syria. The Washington Post January 27.

The anti-ISIS coalition The fight in Iraq General Qasem Soleimani

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Open Access & REF202* Hannah Payne REF &

    Open Access & REF202* Hannah Payne REF &

    Centrally, support for OA is provided by IS and RBI as the OA Working Group: [email protected] Support on offer from the OA Working Group : PURE training, advice, troubleshooting and surgeries.
  • Even Better than the Best Building Ever? The

    Even Better than the Best Building Ever? The

    Main Energy Conservation Projects at UEA Constable Terrace/ Nelson Court Student Residences Elizabeth Fry Building Combined Heat and Power School of Medicine ZICER Building The Future Absorption Chilling The Elizabeth Fry Building The Elizabeth Fry Building Termodeck Construction Air is...
  • SYDE 475: Introduction to Image Processing

    SYDE 475: Introduction to Image Processing

    Edge or Gradient Detection. Why are edges important? Psychovisually, most important characteristic that HVS identifies. Difficult to distinguish two similar grey levels unless side-by-side with a boundary separating
  • Section 221(d)(4)/220 New Const./ Sub. Rehab. LIHTC Pilot ...

    Section 221(d)(4)/220 New Const./ Sub. Rehab. LIHTC Pilot ...

    Standard Approval Process- Technical Discipline Areas. Appraisal- Must be USPAP and MAP Compliant. See MAP Guide. DPU primarily responsible for Valuation review. Market Study- See MAP Guide. AM Review- See MAP Guide Ch. 10
  • THE SKULL - Mayfield High School

    THE SKULL - Mayfield High School

    THE SKULL SIMPLY, AMAZING! ... Forms part of the posterolateral walls of the nasal cavity. Small part of the orbits. The Vomer Forms part of the nasal septum dividing the nasal cavity in left and right halves. The Inferior Nasal...
  • Total effective stress in constitutive elastic models

    Total effective stress in constitutive elastic models

    'Lithospheric flexure model' (Nunn, 1985) Salt displacement model. Introduction. Vendeville, 2005. Lithospheric flexure model. Introduction. Nunn, 1985. Summary of fault reactivation models. ... Total effective stress in constitutive elastic models
  • edge.rit.edu

    edge.rit.edu

    Project Overview. Fifth TigerBot. Human-sized: >5 ft . Ideally be used as a tour guide for RIT and as an inspiration to the younger generations. Objectives: working prototype by 2015's ImagineRIT.
  • www.1ppt.com

    www.1ppt.com

    IFM: RMB inter nationalization lost momentum. ... The quality of services shall be further improved in aspect of taxation, foreign exchange, insurance, customs, and information. Impose strict control over prohibited outbound investment projects.