Democratic Republic of the Congo By Jackson McDermott

Democratic Republic of the Congo By Jackson McDermott

Democratic Republic of the Congo By Jackson McDermott People Religion: Christianty, Islam Language: French, Lingala, Kiswhali, Kikongo, Tshiluba Population: 66 million LIfe expectancy: 46 years (men, 49 years (women)

http://images-3.redbubble.net/img/ art/size:large/view:main/254002-11congo-spirit-heal-africa-hospitaleastern-democratic-republic-ofcongo.jpg Climate Climate: The Democratic Republic of the Congo is near the equator so it is hot and humid. South of the Equator, so their is a lot of rain fall between October-May. The annual temperature is 77 degrees fahrenheit. Capital: Kinshasa

http://www.nationsonline.org/maps/ dr_congo_map.jpg President President: Joseph Kaliba He became President when his father was assassinated in 2001. He was trained in China and helped fight against dictator Mobuto Sese Seko in 1997. He was a Guerilla fight for over a decade then he took on his fathers position. He is one of ten in his family and is supported by many major world leaders.

Bibliograpy http://news.bbc.co.uk/w/hi/africa/country_profiles/ 1076399.stm#facts http://www.wordtravels.com/Travelguide/Countries/ Democratic+Republic+of+the+Congo/Climate/ Imperialism By Emily and Katelyn

What is Imperialism? Imperialism is when one country controls another area, such as a separate territory or country. This is usually obtained by using a strong military. Imperialism is closely related to expansionism and colonialism. http://southbronxscholars.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/imperialism.jpg The Age of Imperialism This period of time was during the late 1800's. Africa was

divided up among many European nations, including Britain, Germany, and Belgium. Also during this time period Spain lost the Spanish-American War and lost a great amount of land to the United States. Eventually this disquiet between nations led to World War II. http://mhslibrary.org/Teacher%20Projects/Teacher%20Projects/Social%20Studies/Taylor/imperialism/imperialismscrapbook.htm Motives for Imperialism Also during the late 1800's, the want to gain more territory

became more common. In those days, expanding and gaining land was the most important. http://www.naturalnews.com/cartoons/conquerors_c_600.jpg The New Imperialism In 1877 many European countries decided to divide the continent into "spheres of influence". They believed that this would solve some of the

economical issues that were going on during this time. Countries involved in Imperialism Belgium, Italy, Spain, Portugal, England, France, and Germany were the main countries throughout Africa that were involved in imperialism. http://wfps.k12.mt.us/teachers/carmichaelg/africa2.gif

http://forquignon.com/history/global/imperialism/africa/family_on_litter.jpg "World Book." Web. 12 Nov. 2009. . "Imperialism in Africa | Suite101.com." Suite101.com: Online Magazine and Writers' Network | Suite101.com. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. . http://www.slideshare.net/egyabdel/imperialism-in-africa Bibliography Joseph Conrad

Valerie Golembeski & Madeline Lusk "Joseph Conrad." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2009. Web. 11 Nov. 2009. Early Life Born in 1857 Berdichev, Russia Born of Polish Parents Both parents died of Tiberculosis

Voyages at Sea 1874-Started out to sea heading for the West Indies -smuggled weapons for civil war in Spain 1878-Joined a merchant ship -attempted suicide 1884- Became a master mariner and British citizen His voyages inspired many of his writings Home Life

Lived in Marseilles, France when not on a ship Compulsive gambler -was in severe debt (reason for attempted suicide) -shot himself in the chest, but didn't die Moved to England for his writing career -only knew five English words at first -learned English, and wrote everything in that language His Accomplishments

Novelist Considered a pioneer writer in the 16th century His life of travel and exploration inspired many of his pieces A majority of his works focused on the dark side of human nature

o greed o cruelty o lust for power or goods Major works o "Heart of Darkness" o "The Secret Agent" o "Nostromo" o "Lord Jim" "Heart of Darkness"

Written in 1902

His most well known work Inspired by his travels to the Congo Criticizes European imperialism and exploration Story of protagonist, Marlow, and antagonist, Kurtz Oppression of the African natives Greed of the Europeans Title suggests the dark continent of Africa and the dark hearts of men "Nostromo"

Written in 1904 Ispired by his travels on the Saint-Antoine Takes place in a fictional South American country o silver mine Conveyed ideas of revolution, politics, and financial manipulation "The Secret Agent" Written in 1907 Marked Conrad's transition from an adventure style to a

political style Look into anarchists, police, and politicians in London Bibliography "Joseph Conrad." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2009. Web. 11 Nov. 2009. . "Joseph Conrad." Student Research Center. Ebsco Host. Web. 10 Nov. 2009. . "Joseph Conrad." Student Research Center. Ebsco Host. Web. 10 Nov. 2009.

. Things Fall Apart By: Chinua Achebe Linden and Riley Team Awesome About the Story

Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe is the story of an Igbo village in Nigeria and the journey of Okonkwo. As one of the strongest men in all of the surrounding villages, Okonkwo struggles with the changes that come when the white settlers come

to colonize his village. In addition to the external changes, it is also his strong personality that eventually leads to his downfall. Progression of Colonization In this book there was a very slow progression in which the white men who came to the

Igbo community, developed trust amoung the villages, and changed their entire way of life. About Chinua Achebe Chinua Achebe is a well known African novelist and poet. He was born in Ogidi, Nigeria. Achebe attended the

University College of Ibadan. Things Fall Apart was his first book. According to "Answers.com" Achebe's list of work includes: Things Fall Apart (1958), Arrow of God (1964), No Longer at Ease (1960), A Man of the People (1966),

and Anthills of the Savannah (1988). Bibliography "Things Fall Apart Book Notes Summary by Chinua Achebe: Topic Tracking: Colonization Book Notes Summary." BookRags.com: Book Summaries, Study Guides. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. . "Chinua Achebe, Nigeria novelist and poet." African American Literature Book Club: African American Books by Famous Black Authors And Poets. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. .

"Chinua Achebe: Biography from Answers.com." Answers.com: Wiki Q&A combined with free online dictionary, thesaurus, and encyclopedias. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. . Pictures: http://africawithin.com/aalit/things.jpg http://enloehs.wcpss.net/projects/west02/achebe/things%20fall%20apart.jpg Heart of Darkness Coleman Hostetler Isaac Gilligan

Period 8 What is it? Heart of Darkness is a book written by Joseph Conrad. It was published n 1902 and was about an Englishmans assignment as a ferryboat captain in Africa. The book mainly follows the captain as he ecounts a story, making the book a

story within a story. http://book.wigz.nl/images/hod.jpg About the Author Joseph Conrad was born in Ukraine, in 1857. Soon after marriage, he began to write. His inspiration for his book, Heart of Darkness came when he took a trip to the congo in

1890. He continued to write stories until the age of 54, eventually dying of a heart attack at age 67, in 1924. http://www.gradesaver.com/author/joseph-conrad/ Adaptations Heart of Darkness has been

adapted into a short TV special, a movie, and inspired other short stories. The best known adaptation of Heart of Darkness is the movie Apocalypse Now! by Francis Ford Coppola. In this movie, the Congo is replaced with Vietnam, but the basic theme stays relatively the same, as

well as the movie even http://eyeonfilm.files.wordpress.com/2009/3/apocalypse_now_ve using various names from the book. The Story Conrad's Heart Of Darkness first appeared in a three part magazine in the year 1899. It became classic English literature for multiple reasons. The largest one was that of the sheer

impact of the writing. For the time period, it was a stunningly harsh view into the wiltered world he portrayed. The themes depicted were often sad but realistic. The ending note seemed to most as a depiction of kindness to a main character's grieving fiancee. Reception The reception to Conrad's novel was at first rather controversial. Chinua Achebe criticized Heart of Darkness for

the de-moralization and de-humanization of African Americans. His work was constantly contemplated as being a rascist peice of literature. However, the sheer psychological and moral horror story still provides ample material for literary studies. Themes Heart of Darkness was controversial for many reasons, though the main theme portrayed was the inner darkness in every human being. His characters and story revolve solely around

the evil and dismay in the human heart. Although some have argued that the point of the story was to display a sense of good vs. evil (light vs. the dark) if looked at closely the only elements displaying a resistence to the dark was that of individual characters. Other prevalent themes was that of the fraility of women and the weakness of the African society. Bibliography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heart_of_Darkness http://www.gradesaver.com/author/joseph-conrad/

http://www.filmsite.org/apoc.html http://images.contentreserve.com http://derwinemmanuel.com www.cclapcenter.com Nigeria By Alex Hardison Nigerian Life -Food varies greatly depending on region

-TVs, VCRs, and Radios are popular where electricity is available. Celebrate some holidays, including their independence day, which is October 1st, and workers day, which is May 1st. They also celebrate religious holidays. Auto industry of Nigeria -Nigerian auto industry is in decline. -Only car manufactures left are Puegeot Automobile

Nigeria and Anambra Motor Manufacturers Company Limited. -Main reasons for decline is the lack of money of the Nigerians, a large amount cant afford cars, coupled with the high cost of manufacturing is the reason for decline. Food of Nigeria Each region has its own set of foods. -In Southern Nigeria, many soups are based on

tomatoes, onions, red pepper, and Palm Oil. -In Northern Nigeria, rice is the main food staple. Most of the people there dont eat pork because most of them are Muslim. A large amount of Nigerians eat fruits because they live in the tropics. Bibliography "Nigeria.Encyclopedia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopdia Britannica Online. 12 Nov. 2009

. "Nigeria." FodbyCountry. 12 Apr. 2001. Web. 13 Nov. 2009. . The Congos Cody A. Cooper

Jackson Location for Republic of Congo Located in middle of Africa coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin Capitol- Brazzaville Pop. 4,012,000 citizens About same size as Montana

Government + Economy Govt. type- Republic Economy is mainly subsistence farming Main export is oil Culture Not a wealthy nation Chinua Achebe By Andrew Zhang

Life Born in 1930 in Ogidi, Nigeria Full name was Albert Chinualumogu Achebe Went to Government College in Umahia and University College of Ibadan Been Professor of English at many universities including the University of Nigeria, University of Massachusetts, Amherst and Bard College

Books He wrote many books. The most famous one is Things Fall Apart but others include: A Man of the People, No Longer at Ease, Arrow of God and The Sacrificial Egg and Other Stories just to name a few. Things Fall Apart Things Fall Apart was his first novel and was published in 1958

It is set in the 1890s around the life of Okonkwo who is a respected person in his Igbo community. He is prosperous and has no troubles. But when he gets into trouble, his downfall begins. Bibliography Liukkonen, Petri. "Chinua Achebe." the Pegasus. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2009. .

Religion In Africa By: Gina Torretti Africa is known for being a religious continent. Religion is part of the heritage. All of the traditional religions are in Africa such as: o Buddhism o Hinduism o Judaism

The majority of Africans identify themselves with one or more of three religious traditions: o Indigenous o Islam o Christianity o African Religion-has no holy book that they use for direction.

http://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/images/africa_religions.jpg Worship Africans worship many different ways and places based on the religion that is being practiced. Along with in homes and public squares, they worship in personal huts, village shrines, places of deceased chiefs, and places containing the relics and paraphernalia of dead chiefs. They worship by performing sacrifices and prayer

Bibliography "Religion in Africa." Exploring Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. . Religion - Africa - Worship Spaces

Mbiti, John S. Introduction to African Religion. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Google. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. . By: Brianna Bevan

Yams are a vegetable They are grown in tropical areas They are a staple food throughout Africa When men grew them they stood for manliness http://www.nri.org/images/

seedyammarket.jpg http://www.dhh.state.la.us/offices/images/imgs-246/ Yams.jpg

Fufu Stew Yam casserole Yam soup Baked, fried, boiled, pounded, roasted yams http://img1.photographersdirect.com/img/2116/ wm/pd430637.jpg

Yam. Congo cookbook. http://www.congocookbook.com/staple_dish_recipes/yam.html Yam A Uniquely Delicious African Food Rhizome. African Foods. http://www.liu.edu/CWIS/CWP/library/workshop/citmla.htm West African Cuisine Yams. Ezine Articles. http://ezinearticles.com/?WestAfrican-Cuisine---Yams&id=843659

The African Yams By: Joel Canner The Yam itself Not to be confused as a sweet potato the African Yam is often known as the pride of an African kitchen. It is different from the sweet potato because of differing amount of seed leaves. Image:Oct11 2007 http://gastronomy.wordpress.com/2007/12/11/vegetation-profile-khoai-m %E1%BB%A1/ What is a Yam

Yams are closely related to lilies and grasses. Native to Africa and Asia, yams vary in size from that of a small potato to a record 130 pounds (as of 1999). There are over 600 varieties of yams and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa. Compared to sweet potatoes, yams are starchier and drier. 2310 2009. Library of Congress, Web. 11 Nov 2009. .

How do People use the African Yam in foods?

The African Yam is used in many dishes but the Spiced Yam waffles are considered one of the sweetest ways to use the yam. 2 cups all purpose flour 2/3 cup corn meal 1/4 cup brown sugar 2 t baking powder 3/4 t baking soda 1 t salt 1-1/2 t cinnamon 1 T ground ginger 1/2 t nutmeg

1/3 t ground cloves 1/3 can (5 oz) coconut milk 2-1/3 cups whole milk 1/3 cup pureed yam 3.5 oz apple sauce 1/3 cup butter 2 eggs, separated 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6. 7. Preheat waffle iron. Brown butter, melting it on medium heat until its golden brown, then removing it from the heat immediately In a large bowl, combine the dry ingredients (flour, corn meal, baking powder, baking soda, salt, cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg and clove) and mix well with a whisk. In a medium bowl, whisk together the egg yolks, coconut milk, yam, brown sugar, milk, and cooled browned butter. Pour these mixed wet ingredients into the dry ingredients and stir until just combined. Do not overmix!

In a medium bowl, beat the egg whites with a hand mixer until stiff but not dry. Then fold the whites into the rest of the batter. Ladle batter onto the waffle iron and cook according to the irons directions (usually about 5 minutes, or until no steam emerges from the waffle iron). "rodale institute." rodaleinstitute.org. 2008. Web. 11 Nov 2009. . Citations "rodale institute." rodaleinstitute.org. 2008. Web. 11 Nov 2009.

. 2310 2009. Library of Congress, Web. 11 Nov 2009. . The Second Coming Caitlin McKenna

The Author William Butler Yeats > Born in County Dublin, Ireland in June, 1865 > Inspired by Irish folktales > Attended Erasmus Smith High School and then spent two years at the Metropolitan School of Art in Dublin, where some of his first poems were published > Went on to become a successful poet and playwright The Poem

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=li3Qhd07SGU Turning and turning in the widening gyre The falcon cannot hear the falconer; Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world, The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere The ceremony of innocence is drowned; The best lack all conviction, while the worst

Are full of passionate intensity. Surely some revelation is at hand; Surely the Second Coming is at hand. The Second Coming! Hardly are those words out When a vast image out of Spiritus Mundi Troubles my sight: a waste of desert sand; A shape with lion body and the head of a man, A gaze blank and pitiless as the sun, Is moving its slow thighs, while all about it Wind shadows of the indignant desert birds.

The darkness drops again but now I know That twenty centuries of stony sleep Were vexed to nightmare by a rocking cradle, And what rough beast, its hour come round at last, Slouches towards Bethlehem to be born? Reception and Meaning Yeats had a definite interest in mysterious things, and thats very evident

in The Second Coming; there is much criticism of the poem due to its ambiguity. In short, it is about Yeatss discomforted view of the worlds state at the time, and through the poem he tells what he believes will inevitably happen. Many attribute this to the just-ended World War I and the numerous unhappy events that had recently taken place. Bibliography

http://www.potw.org/archive/potw351.html http://www.online-literature.com/yeats/ http://www.yeatsvision.com/SecondNotes.html

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