osce.org/odihr Best practices in combating hate crime on the ground osce.org/odihr Overview of current policy work on hate crime recording and reporting OSCE Ministerial Council decision 9/09 Fundamental Rights Agency Hate Crime Working

Party Acknowledge the issues: now it is about 'how' - osce.org/odihr Ten practical steps to data collection Ten practical steps to improve levels

of reporting and reporting 4 01 1. Enact legislation Enact legislation that is specifically tailored to address hate crimes Consider requiring the collection of data by law enforcement and the annual public dissemination of hate crime data. 5 01

2. Create a national co-ordination structure Create a national working group on hate crime data collection, including representatives or focal points from other government or agencies and representatives of any prominent civil society organizations dealing with hate crimes and vulnerable populations. Publicize the formation, work and output of the working group. 6 01 3. Adopt a definition of hate crimes for

data collection purposes OSCE definition: Simple, common comprehensive: A criminal act committed with a bias motive 7 01 Examples of hate crime definitions Croatia: contained in the criminal code a criminal offence committed because of the race, different colour, religion, national or ethnic origin, disability, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity or another person. Such behaviour shall be take

as an aggravating circumstance if the law does not expressly prescribe a more severe punishment 8 01 4. Establish a system to record data Create a standard database that includes the agreed bias motivations, criminal offences and administrative units on which hate crime data is to be collected. The system should enable users to track cases from the time they are reported as a possible hate crimes through the court system.

Each ministry involved should issue detailed guidance on recording, reviewing and compiling information on hate crimes, ensuring the general guidance is consistent across all ministries, and should clearly designate responsibilities at each level. 9 01 5. Develop and implement a training programme Develop a broad programme of training to ensure that police officers,

prosecutors, judges, court officials and all others expected to use the system have the knowledge and skills to use it correctly. Invite civil society organizations to contribute to training 10 01 6. Collect and record data Develop standardized crime reporting forms that reflect the right categories of bias motivations and criminal offences Adopt the widest possible approach when making an initial determination of whether a crime may be a hate crime and for

recording it as a hate crime Use the same detailed, disaggregated categories for recording hate crime data at all levels of the justice system, including police, prosecutors and courts. 11 01 Victim centred approach Potential hate crime: Police can record potential hate crime and seek evidence to corroborate at a later stage

Victim based perception definition: Where the crime is perceived by the victim or any other person as a hate crime ECRI General Policy Recommendation N 11: For the purposes of this Recommendation, a racist incident shall be: any incident which is perceived to be racist by the victim or any other12 person. 01

7. Use victimization surveys to collect further data Design and carry out broad-based victimization surveys to assess the extent to which hate crimes may be under-reported, and why. Work with civil society groups to understand the prevalence of unreported hate crime and its impact on victims 13 01 8. Review and analyze data to improve policy responses

Analyze the data collected to draw conclusions and lessons learned about the extent and nature of hate crimes, the effectiveness of policing, the success of prosecutions Review the data collected to identify training gaps Review the system for collecting data to identify any improvements Use the data collected as a basis for developing improved policies to address hate crimes and their consequences. Work with civil society. 14 01

9. Publicize information Publicize the data collected to the greatest extent possible, drawing attention to it through such means as publications, press conferences and posting on the Internet. Publish official data on hate crimes and data from victimization surveys together, to allow for comparisons between reported and unreported crimes. Publicize any government actions or plans to address any aspect of hate crimes. 15 01

10 Mainstream gender throughout planning and implementation Mainstream a consideration of gender throughout the planning, development and implementation of hate crime data collection mechanisms. Use available data to assess how men and women are affected as victims of hate crimes and plan support and prevention resources accordingly. Share information about the nature of gender based hate crimes and their impact, with the public.

16 01 A focus on prosecution data: measuring the criminal justice response - Participating States have committed to collecting data from investigation to sentencing -

Clear common and comprehensive definition shared with police - Prosecutor training: identification and recording - Role of the prosecutor in bringing courts attention to hate crime sentencing provisions

- Recording sentencing outcomes 17 01 Any questions? [email protected] 18 01

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