Possessive Adjectives - Chandler Unified School District
Created by Madame Mac 2013 A possessive adjective is a word which describes a noun by showing who possesses that noun. Whose house is that? Its my house. My shows who possesses the noun house. The posessor is me. The object possessed is house.
Like subject pronouns (I, you, he/she, we, etc.), possessive adjectives are identified according to the person they represent. 1st person 2nd person my
you masculine 3rd person feminine neuter his her its
1st person 2nd person 3rd person our your their
Is that Johns house? Yes, it is his house. Is that Marys house? Yes, it is her house. Although the object possessed is the same (house), different possessive adjectives (his and her) are used because the possessors are different (John and Mary). Like English, a French possessive adjective changes according to the
possessor, but unlike English it also AGREES, like all French adjectives, in GENDER and NUMBER with the noun possessed. For example, in the phrase mon frre (my brother) the 1st person singular possessor (my) is indicated by the first letter of the possessive adjective, m-, and the gender and number of the
noun possessed, frre (brother), which is masculine singular, is reflected in the masculine singular ending -on. Let us see what happens when we change my brother to my sister. Jaime ma soeur. fem. sing. ending 1st pers. sing. possessor The first letter m- remains the same because the possessor is still the 1st person, but the ending changes to a to
agree with soeur which is feminine. Jaime ma soeur. Jaime mon frre. Jaime mes animaux. M indicates the 1st person posesssive adjective. -a represents the feminine gender, single noun -on represents the masculine gender,
single noun -es represents the masc./fem. gender, plural noun In French, each of these possessive adjectives has three forms depending on the gender and number of the noun possessed: the masculine singular, the feminine singular, and the plural (the same for both genders). My
Your His Hers Its mts-
If the noun possessed is MASCULINE (or feminine in front of a vowel sound) add on. Anne lit mon livre. (Masc. Sing. Noun) Anne lit ton livre. Anne lit son livre
Anne reads my book. noun possessed Anne reads your book. Anne reads her/his book. Paul connat mon amie. fem. sing. Noun Paul knows my friend. noun
possessed begins with vowel Paul connat ton amie. Paul connat son amie. Paul knows your friend. Paul knows his/her friend. If the noun possessed is feminine singular
beginning with a consonant add -a Paul lit ma lettre. Paul lit ta lettre. Paul lit sa lettre. If the noun possessed is plural Anne lit mes livres. Paul lit tes lettres. Elle lit ses livres. add es
In French, each of these possessive adjectives has only two forms depending on the number of the noun possessed; that is, whether the noun possessed is singular or plural. Marie est notre fille. Mary is our daughter.
possessor is plural noun possessed is singular Paul lit votre lettre. Ils lisent leur lettre.
Paul reads your letter. They read their letter. Les parents sont nos amis. The parents are our friends. owner is plural noun possessed is plural
Anne lit vos livres. Anne reads your books. Elles lisent leurs lettres. They read their letters. Although VOTRE and VOS are classified as the second person plural they can also refer to just one person when used as a formal form of address (such as when speaking to your teacher).
Remember to use the same form of YOU, either familiar or formal, for the verb and the possessive adjective: You are reading your book would be either Tu lis ton livre or Vous lisez votre livre. Singular Possessor masculine My
feminine + vowel feminine Plural Possessor Singular plural Mon Mon Ma Ton your masculine
(tu form) feminine + vowel Ton feminine masculine His,Her, Its fem. + vowel feminine Mes Tes Ta
Son Son Sa Ses Plural Possessor Noun Possessed Singular Plural
Our Notre Nos Your (vous form) Votre Vos Their
Leur leurs His book is in his backpack. Son livre est dans son sac dos. Our house is white. Notre maison est blanche.
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