Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech Nouns Definition: a word that names a person, place, or thing Common Noun a generalized noun (NOT capitalized) Ex: school, bus, teacher, store, car, animal Proper Noun a specific and individualized noun (Capitalized) Ex: Ms. Dyciewski; Pryor Middle School Pronouns Definition: a word that takes the place of a noun Subjective Pronouns: the subject of a sentence

Example: She is in school today. Singular Plural First person I we Second person you you Third person

he, she, it they Pronouns Objective Pronouns: Examples: Joe understands me. Sally bought us a present. Singular Plural First person me us

Second person you you Third person him, her, it them Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns: refers back to a noun or pronoun used earlier in a sentence Example: Perry found himself alone in the room.

Singular Plural First person myself ourselves Second person yourself yourselves Third person himself, herself,

itself themselves Pronouns (continued) Possessive Pronouns: shows possession of a noun Singular Plural mine ours yours yours

his, hers, its theirs my our your your his, her, its their Pronouns (continued) Indefinite Pronouns: used to take the place of the noun which cannot

be specifically named Any Anyone Some Someone Every Everyone No No one Anybody Somebody Everybody Nobody

Anything Somethin Everything g Nothing Pronouns (continued) Demonstrative Pronouns: used to point out a specific noun This That This is a dirty car. That is a dirty car.

These Those These are Those are dirty cars. dirty cars. Pronouns (continued) Reciprocal Pronouns: each other meaning two one another meaning more than two Examples: Nate and Sheena get on each others nerves. In our family, we have learned to put up with one anothers bad habits.

Pronouns (continued) Interrogative pronouns: begins a question Who - Whom What - Whose - Which Examples: What is the name of this object? Which is the painting you just bought? Whose is this? Pronouns (continued) Relative Pronouns: Who - Whomever - Which

Whom - Whose - That Examples: The police officer who helped us was extremely courteous. Do not trust a wild animal that has been caged. Verbs Definition: a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence Two Types: 1. Active Verb: the SUBJECT is performing the action Example: Monique threw the ball. 2. Passive Verb: the subject is NOT performing the action

Example: The ball was thrown by Monique. Verbs (continued) Action Verbs Transitive Verbs: are followed by an object indicating WHO or WHAT receives the action He kicked the ball. She waved her hat. Intransitive Verbs: are not followed by the object He kicked. She waved. Verbs (continued) State of Being Verbs Be verbs: am, is, are, was, were, being, been Linking Verbs:

Can be replaced by a form of be without changing the meaning of the sentence Example: They seemed happy is similar to They were happy Leaves turn yellow, orange, and red in the fall. is similar to Leaves are yellow, orange, and red in the fall. I become sleepy around midnight. is similar to I am sleepy around midnight. Adjectives Definition: a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun. An adjective usually answers the questions: 1. Which one? Ex: I like my car. Ex: She wants that house.

2. How many? Ex: She drank three cups of tea. 3. What kind? Ex: They chose the red scarf. Adverbs Definition: a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. An adverb usually answers one of three questions: 1. How? / In what manner? / Under what condition? She walked quickly. They talked quietly. HINT: many adverbs in this category end in -ly 2. When? She walked yesterday.

3. Where? She walked here.

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