State Smart Transportation Initiative October 9, 2014 Matthew Garrett Oregon DOT Director Erik Havig Oregon DOT Planning Section Manager Mosaic overview
Directors perspective ODOTs project goals Strive to meet the legislative intent with Mosaic: Least cost planning means a process of comparing direct and indirect costs of demand and supply options to meet transportation goals, policies or both, where the intent of the process is to identify the most cost-effective mix of options Enable fair comparison of different kinds of transportation
solutions against common goals to determine impacts and find cost-effective options to make progress toward goals Mosaic: what it is, what it does A web-based resource for use in transportation planning to assist decision-making An effective way to evaluate the social, environmental and financial costs and benefits of transportation plans A method that is scalable based on a jurisdictions transportation staff, available data and particular needs
Establishes a common set of measures to evaluate options and assist selection of the best actions and investments Allows communities to weight non-monetized indicators, reflecting their values in Mosaic analysis How does using Mosaic help us improve? Mosaic lets us compare transportation impacts we can measure in dollars to impacts that we measure in other ways Decision-makers can see the components of value in different bundles of actions and investments
The results allow decision-makers to discuss the tradeoffs between bundles of actions more explicitly Mosaic provides a clear, traceable and transparent record of the evaluation process, analysis and decision making Mosaic helps decision makers make more informed decisions What Mosaic does not do Mosaic results do not specify decisions Mosaic is a decision assistance process and tool for use in large scale transportation planning, not for project
alternative analysis A plan scale is needed to fairly evaluate direct and indirect impacts of different transportation solutions While there are indicators representing other fields (e.g. health, environment) Mosaic is for transportation analysis Mosaic puts a lot of different information together on shared scales; it is intended as a gauge, not to be precise How Mosaic fits into the planning process Step 1: Identify Needs and Opportunities
Step 2: Develop and Evaluate Solutions Step 3: Make Recommendations Step 4: Create and Adopt the Plan Mosaic helps agencies evaluate solutions and make recommendations Two ways to measure value Decision
Value measured in dollars Value informed by stakeholders Whats included in the Users Guide & website
Explains recommended process for using Mosaic Explains each category and indicator Explains how to input information into Mosaic Provides references and links To ODOTs related project site Mosaic tool documentation explaining each indicators calculations in detail Programs Guide Whats included in the Programs Guide
Twenty programs that are considered to be beneficial and are generally recommended for implementation The named programs have sufficient and relevant benefit or cost information Helps and advises users that choose to incorporate
these programs into their bundles: Bicycle and Pedestrian Progr ams Operations/ Intelligent Trans portation System (ITS) Progra ms Pricing Programs Transit Programs
Travel Demand Management Programs The Mosaic tool is an Excel workbook 13 Data sources for Mosaic indicators Safety
14 Data sources for Mosaic indicators (cont.) 15 Mosaic tool outputs Tables: record of parameters and assumptions Charts: variety of charts to compare costs, MODA
(weighted value) scores, and benefit-cost scores What weve learned: weighting Stakeholder values are important and should be made explicit Stakeholders should weight the importance of their values at least once during the process, and definitely weight them after results are available Users value flexibility when weighting indicators Whether to weight all indicators or just non-monetized
indicators Whether to weight categories or indicators first 17 What weve learned: results Graphical display is essential to understanding; different people will prefer different displays The measured values of each indicator within a category must be clearly displayed
The reasons behind the measured values must be clearly explained The comparison of monetized results to non-monetized results is essential; it leads to a deeper understanding of value Some results are surprising and challenging 18 Applications that yield best results Jurisdictions with network travel demand models
Planning applications where stakeholders want to evaluate multiple, distinctive bundles (a.k.a., scenarios, visions, investment packages or strategies) Jurisdictions willing to measure value in both monetary and non-monetary ways, in order to derive fullest value from the Mosaic process and tool 19 Expertise required
1. A broad understanding of travel behavior and how it responds to changes in networks, policies and programs 2. For those places where travel models exist, the ability to use existing models to generate travel forecasts 3. Familiarity with geographic information system (GIS) software and the layers of data available in the study area 4. The ability to estimate planning-level costs of transportation improvements 20
Expertise required 5. Familiarity with socio-economic data (e.g., population, household, employment) commonly used in transportation planning 6. Familiarity with the terminology of travel behavior, spatial data, and economic analysis 7. Experience in using Excel-based analytic tools 21
Summary Mosaic is designed to measure as much as possible in dollars, though you can choose quantitative or qualitative measurement A lot of the data Mosaic uses is likely to be developed for a plan anyway; Mosaic helps structure that process Mosaic will help you evaluate scenarios developed in a transportation planning process You will need to consider all the information Mosaic can
provide and determine what is best for your community 22 Questions and discussion Mosaic project contacts: Erik Havig, Planning Section Manager [email protected] Lucia Ramirez, Principal Planner [email protected]
Mosaic website: www.oregonmosaic.org ODOT project history website: http://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/TD/TP/pages/lcp.aspx 23
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