Ohio's Next Generation Assessments and New Learning Standards ...
Ohios Next Generation Assessments and New Learning Standards - Meeting the Needs of Diverse Learners Pupil Services Directors Meeting Dec. 13, 2013 Char Shryock Director of Curriculum and Instruction Bay Village City Schools Ohio Education Leader Cadre [email protected] Twitter @edtechgirl
#PARCCELC, #ohedchat http://iteachbay.blogspot.com PARCC Update Understanding PARCCs Role In Ohios Next Generation Assessments PARCCs Fundamental Advance PARCC is designed to reward quality instruction aligned to the Standards, so the assessment is worthy of preparation rather than a distraction
from good work. Show me the EVIDENCE Think of examples of why EVIDENCE is such a relevant word in education today. Evidence Centered Design can inform a deliberate and systematic approach to instruction that will help to ensure daily classroom work leads to all students meeting Ohio's New Learning Standards.
Evidence-Centered Design (ECD) in the Classroom - Start with the end in mind. PARCC is using ECD to create the gr 3-11 assessments. Learning Targets/Objectives Classroom Assessments Formative/Summative Design begins with the inferences (claims) we want to make about studentsshould be connected clearly to Ohio's New Learning
Standards - What should students be able to DO or KNOW? In order to support claims, we must gather evidence----what can teachers point to, underline or highlight to show that students are making progress toward doing what we claim they can do?
Classroom Activities Classroom activities (tasks) are designed to elicit specific evidence from students in support of claims. Understanding the Claims Prototype Questions
PARCC Assessment 101 ELA Performance ELA End of Year Exam Based Assessment (EOY) (PBA) Research Simulation Include 4-5 texts both Task Info and Literary Short answer Literary Analysis Task comprehension Narrative Task
questions Read Multiple Texts Focus on comprehension using vocab and short answer questions Write an evidence
Vocabulary questions Info text will be science, social studies,technical PARCC Assessment 101 Math Performance Based Assessment (PBA) Short Response Extended
Response Focus on mathematical practices applications of skills and practices to solve problems focusing on modeling, reasoning
Math End of Year Exams (EOY) Short answer questions Focus on conceptual understanding Focus on procedural skills
Focus on application Performance Level Descriptors PARCC will report students achievement using PLDs and scaled scores. In October 2012 PARCC established 5 performance levels Level 5: Students performing at this level demonstrate a distinguished command of the knowledge, skills, and practices embodied by the Common Core State Standards assessed at their grade level. Level 4: Solid command Level 3: Moderate command Level 2: Partial command
Level 1: Minimal command Cut Scores will be determined in the Summer of 2015 using multiple stakeholders in the decision making process. Looking at the PLDs Gives the PLD by performance level ranging from 2-5. Level 1 indicates a range from no work shown to Minimal command Gives the Sub-Claim that the PLD is written for (A-Major Content)
Gives the Conceptual Concept the PLD is based on Communicating Around Ohios Next Generation Assessments and New Learning Standards. Closing Information Gaps - Teachers, Parents, Community Members
Ohios New Learning Standards English, Math - from CCSS with input from OH Teachers Science, Social Studies, Physical Education, Fine Arts and World Languages - Ohio Developed What you need to know: Building a Toolkit of Knowledge to make sure students will have choices when they graduate from HS Age appropriate Aligned across grade levels Focus on deeper understanding and real world applications of knowledge. All students have access to challenging material Focus is on content knowledge AND problem solving,
perseverance, supporting opinions and ideas with evidence, modeling, reading and writing, speaking and listening skills. Ohio Academic Content Standards - Extended Grade Level Standards - By Band Ohio Academic Content Standards - Extended Grade Level Standards - By Entry Point Achievethecore.org All teachers are teachers of language.
The language of math, science, social studies, art, business, physical education. If your students are not fluent in your "language" they will not be able to understand your content at a deeper level. Stanford Research on ELL - Can Help Us Support Our Developing Readers Differentiate within the ELA Literacy
standards by looking at levels of analyses of complex texts. Develop formative assessments around: o o o Analytical Task Expectations Receptive Language Functions Productive Language Functions
Helping students to "decode" learning target verbs - by paying attention to the language conventions tied to the verb. CCSS and Literacy Text Complexity o o
o Qualitative - levels of meaning or purpose, text structure, language clarity, knowledge demands. (reader measured) Quantitative - word length, sentence length,text cohesion. (machine measured) Matches Reader to Task - reader motivation, reader knowledge level, reader experiences, and purpose and complexity of the task. (teacher measured) CCSS and Literacy
Writing o o o Argument - change readers point of view, promote reader to take action or convince reader to believe explanation of issues or problems.
Informational/Explanatory Writing - conveys accurate information to build reader understanding or comprehension of a topic. Narrative Writing - shares real or imagined experiences. Has multiple purposes. CCSS and Literacy Vocabulary o
o o Students need to have repeated exposure to content vocabulary in a variety of contexts in order to master the vocabular. Tier 2 Words - general academic words that are found across multiple content areas. Tier 3 Words - domain specific words - or academic words that have a unique meaning in a specific content area. Usually need to be defined by the text or the teacher. Students need to know these to "unlock" the content.
What is DIFFERENT about Common Core Vocabulary Instruction. Traditional - Memorize lists. Use words in sentences. Look up words, copy definition. Study on words and definitions using flashcards. Common Core - Understand and recognize words in context. Use the words to make sense of reading. Look at word relationships and build meaning from using context clues and background knowledge. Use words to communicate effectively.
Making The Shift - Literacy How are lessons focusing on helping students to acquire vocabulary...in context...in all content areas? How are a variety of fiction, non-fiction materials and primary source materials that create a continuum of complex texts for student reading be used...in all content areas?
What strategies/tools are available to help students build and organize knowledge...in all content areas? How are engaging writing prompts that allow students to write persuasively or support an argument being used...in all content areas? What opportunities are there to go back into the reading materials to find information to support a discussion...in all content areas? What opportunities to work with a group to build reading comprehension by listening to and commenting on the arguments and reflections of others are included...in all content areas? EQuIP/Quality Rubric - Ohio
Rubrics will be used to evaluate exemplar unit plans shared through the ODE website Rubrics will be available to teachers and teacher teams to use when planning lessons/ units. Math,Science, Social Studies, ELA Communicating to Parents
Most interested in assurance that their students are learning what they need to know to be successful in college or careers as they grow into adulthood, how much it will cost them in increased student fees or tech costs, how students will be assessed, how teachers will communicate learning progress, what they can do at home to support students, how will classroom technology be used safely and equitably. PTA Parent Guides for ELA/Literacy and Math
PARCC Accommodations Guide For Parents ODE Parent Portal Provide District Updates on Curriculum Alignment Communicating To BOE and Community BOE Members - costs to the district and state, how to budget
for teacher training, curriculum changes and technology upgrades, how to balance/respond to opposing viewpoints around adopting the standards, setting aggressive but achievable timelines for implementation, how to increase accountability for student learning - teachers and administrators. Community Members -most interested in cost to the community, maintaining local control over curriculum decisions, supporting a quality educational system to keep home values up, schools preparing students to be active members of the community.
NSPRA Common Core Communications Network BASA Updates PARCC Accommodations Goals For Promoting Student Access
Using Universal Design principles during every stage of the development process. Minimizing/eliminating features that are irrelevant to what is being measured so all students can accurately demonstrate their knowledge and skills. Measuring the full range of complexity of the standards. Leveraging technology for the accessible delivery of assessment. Building accessibility throughout the test itself without sacrificing
assessment validity. Using a combination of accessible-authoring and accessible technologies from the inception of items and tasks. Engaging state and national experts throughout the development process through item review, bias and sensitivity review, policy development and review, and research. Accessibility Features for All Students Accessibility Features for All Students Audio Amplification Blank Paper - math or ELA (provided by test administrator) Eliminate Answer Choices Flag Items for Review
General Administration Directions Clarified (by test administrator) General Administration Directions Read Aloud and Repeated (by test administrator) Highlight Tool Headphones Magnification/Enlargement Device (up to 400%) NotePad Pop-Up Glossary Redirect Student to Test (by test administrator) Spell Checker Writing Tools - bullets, cut, copy,paste, underline,bold
Testing Site Accommodations Based on the PARCC Test Administration Manual the following can be made available to any students based on building admin decision. Small group testing Frequent breaks Time of day Separate or alternate location Specified area or seating Adaptive and specialized equipment or furniture
Proposed Accommodations for Students with Disabilities and ELL Students Universal Design Principles It is important to ensure that performance in the classroom and on the assessment is influenced as little as possible by a students disability or linguistic/cultural characteristics that are unrelated to the content being assessed. Provide equitable access during instruction and assessments Mitigate the effects of a students disability
Do not reduce learning or achievement expectations Do not change the construct being assessed Do not compromise the integrity or validity of the assessment Who Can Receive Accommodations? Students with disabilities who have an Individualized Education Program (IEP) Students with a Section 504 plan who have a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, have a record of such an impairment, or are regarded as having such an
impairment, but who do not qualify for special education services Students who are English learners Students who are English learners and with disabilities who have an IEP or 504 plan. These students are eligible for both accommodations for students with disabilities and English learners. Accommodations Identified In Advance
Students and Teachers can select accessibility features ahead of time based on their needs and preferences must practice using them, either in a classroom setting or in real world application. Tools will be turned on for the selected students
ex. changing background color ex. changing font color ex. using on screen reader for math Personal Needs Profiles (PNPs)
Will be embedded in the test platform Will be created by IEP, IAT or Teacher Team for students with disabilities or ELL students. Will be created by Teacher Teams, with input from the parent, for students who have not been identified with a specific disability or who are not ELL but have specific educational needs identified by the team. Additional details will be in the Administration
Manual Accessibility Features Identified in Advance On PNPs Accessibility Features Identified in Advance Answer Masking Background/Font Color (Color Contrast) General Masking Line Reader Tool Text-to-Speech for the Mathematics Assessments Factors To Consider When Developing PNPs
Factor 1: Student characteristics and learning needs (e.g., disabilities, language proficiency, accommodations used in classroom instruction/assessments to access and perform in academic standards and State tests) Factor 2: Individual test characteristics (i.e., knowledge about what tasks are required on PARCC assessments and ways to remove physical and other barriers to students ability to perform those tasks) Factor 3: PARCC accommodations policies that maintain the validity of assessment results. Presentation Accommodations - Must be identified in advance on a PNP
Content Area ELA/Literacy Presentation Accommodations Text-to-Speech or Video of a Human Interpreter for the ELA/Literacy Assessments, including items, response options, and passages* Braille Edition of ELA/Literacy Assessments (Hard-copy braille tests and refreshable braille displays for ELA/Literacy) Mathematics Closed-Captioning of Multimedia Passages on the ELA/Literacy
Assessments Descriptive Video Video of a Human Interpreter for the Mathematics Assessments for a Student Who is Deaf or Hard of Hearing Braille Edition of Mathematics Assessments (Hard-copy braille tests for Mathematics) Both Content Areas Additional Assistive Technology (Guidelines available fall 2013)
Tactile Graphics Video of a Human Interpreter for Test Directions for a Student Who is Deaf or Hard of Hearing Paper-and-Pencil Edition Response Accommodations Content Area ELA/Literacy Mathematics Both Content Areas
Response Accommodations Scribing or Speech-to-Text (i.e., Dictation/Transcription or Signing) for constructed responses on the English Language Arts/Literacy Assessments* Word prediction on the ELA/Literacy Performance-Based Assessment* Calculation Device and Mathematics Tools* (on Non-calculator Sessions of Mathematics Assessments) Additional Assistive Technology (Guidelines available fall 2013) Braille note-taker Scribing or Speech-to-Text (i.e., Dictation/Transcription or Signing)
for the Mathematics assessments, and for selected response items on the English Language Arts/Literacy assessments * See notes below Other Proposed Accommodations for Students with Disabilities Category Accommodation Timing & Scheduling
Extended Time Setting Many settings that were once considered accommodations are now consider accessibility features for all students and will be included in the test administrator manual. These include separate location, small group testing, specified area or seating, time of day, and frequent breaks. What about students who need
accommodation not included in the manual? Students may require additional accommodations that are not found in the Presentation accommodations, or a student who does not have an IEP or 504 plan may require an accommodation as a result of a recently-occurring accident or illness. PARCC states will review requests for unique accommodations in their respective states on an individual basis and will provide approval after determining whether the accommodation would result in a valid score for the student, using guidelines comparable across PARCC states.
Accommodations for English Learners KEY for Table 5 below: Highly recommended for use by English learners at this English language proficiency level Recommended for use by English learners at this English language proficiency level May not be appropriate for students at this ELP level Accommodation Extended Time General Administration Directions Clarified in Students Native Language (by test administrator) General Administration Directions Read Aloud and Repeated as Needed in Students Native Language
(by test administrator) Scribe or Speech-to-Text: Responses Dictated for Mathematics Assessment in English Word-to-Word Dictionary (English/Native Language) Beginning Intermediate
Non-allowable Accommodations Requiring a student to be assessed on less content matter than other students because he has been taught less material Reducing the scope of assessments so a student needs to complete only a limited number of problems or items Modifying the complexity of assessments to make them easier (e.g., deleting half of the response choices on a multiple-choice test so that a student selects from two options instead of four); Giving hints, clues, or other coaching that directs the student to correct responses on assignments and tests
Adults defining vocabulary on the test or explaining test items; Allowing the student to complete an assessment of English language arts in a language other than English Using dictionaries that provide definitions (rather than an acceptable word-to-word duallanguage dictionary) Guiding Questions What are the students learning strengths and challenges, and are these based on language needs, a disability, or both? How do the students learning and/or language needs affect the achievement of grade level CCSS? Which accommodations are regularly used by the student during instruction and assessments?
Which new accommodations, if any, would increase the students access to instruction and assessment by addressing the students learning needs and reducing the effects of the students disability? More Questions Should an existing accommodation be implemented differently? What were the outcomes when accommodations were used and when they were not used during classroom assignments and on assessments? What is the students perception of how well an accommodation works? What difficulties did the student experience when using
accommodations? What are the perceptions of parents, teachers, and specialists about the effectiveness of accommodation? Questions
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