واژه شناسی پزشکی

واژه شناسی پزشکی

Skull Ear Eardrum Pharynx Esophagus

Bronchus Skin Breast -cranio Oto Tympan

Pharyngo Esophago -broncho Dermo Mast Liver

Gallbladder Duodenum Ovary Ileum Appendix Rectum Anus Eye

Gums Teeth Larynx Hepa/ hepato Cholecyst Duoden/o Oophor

ile/o Append Procto Ano Ophthalmo Gingiv/o Dent/ odont Laryng/o

Trachea Lung Stomach Colon Small intestine Fallopian tube

Part of colon Uterus Cervix vagina tracheopneumo/pneumeno/pulmongastrocoloenterosalpingoSigmoidhyster/metroCervic/ocolpo- Cerebrum

Brain Head Nerve Spinal cord/ bone marrow Vein Artery Rib

Cartilage Chest Pelvis of the kidney Abdomen Sacrum Joint Bone testes

-cerebro -encephalo -Cephalo -Neuro -Myleo -Phlebo -Arterio

-Costo -Chondro -Thoraco/stetho -Pyelo -Laparo -Sacro -Arthro -Osteo

-orchi Nose Mouth Thyroid Muscle Heart Spleen

Pancreas Kidney Ureter Bladder prostate -Rhino

-Stomato -Thyro -Myo -Cardio -Splen -Pancreat -Nephro/ renal -Uretero

-Cysto -prostato body limb bladder cornea retina

soma / somat/ o met/o vesic/o kerat/o , corne/o retin/o

iris ir/o , irid/o nail onych/o

hand or hands cheir/o , chir/ o

shoulder om/o navel , umbilicus omphal/o foot spine pupil wrist hair, hair like

structure humerus pod/o rach/I , rachi/o cor/o ,

core/o carp/o trich/o humer/o heel sternum condyle

cartillage vessel calcane/o stern/o condyl/o

chondr/o vas/o finger , toe dactyl/o gland

aden/o blood emia/ belly

ventr/i , ventr/ o back dors/I , dors/o lip

chil/o , cheil/o tooth tongue ureter urethra eyelid

odont/o , dent/ o gloss/o ureter/o urethr/o blephar/o

eyelash vessel gall-bile pelvis skin ( pleura

) pubis , pubic bone eardrum cili/o angi/o

chol/e pelv/i derm/o, dermat/o pleur/o pub/o myring/o

arm brachi/o check bucc/o

head capit/o face jaw lip tongue

breast faci/o gnath/o labi/o lingu/o mamm/a , mamm/o

nose back of head eye mouth

nas/o occipit/o ocul/o or/o penis

phall/o vulva episi/o hair ankle,

anklebone pil/o tal/o instep of foot, eyelid edge nipple

neck, necklike structure bladder, cyst , sac foot tars/o

thel/o , thel/e trachel/o cyst/I , cyst/o ped tissue hist/o

spleen lien/o palate ( part of palat/o the mouth )

vertebra , spinal column tendon thymus gland vein or veins viscera small artery

joint the bony cavity containing the eye ball spondyl/o tend/o , ten/o thym/o

ven/e , ven/i , ven/o viscer/o areteriol/o articulus orbit/a

) (

vein sangui ven/a, ven/o

thumb pollex blood pollex pedis

chest steth/o foot pes the fleshy part of thenar thumb of foot the hand at the

base of the thumb eyelid palpebra chin nostril

mentum naris cover mening/o spinal cord

and brain gall or bile duct ciliary body choledoch/o

cycl/o * -tomy -ectomy -ostomy -rrhaphy

-pexy -plasty -tripsy -centesis fluid -ectasia

incision excision new opening suture fixation plastic surgery crushing, rubbing puncture to remove

diltation / stretching Incision into the abdomen wall laparatomy* Excision of the stomach

Gastrectomy* A new permanent opening into the trachea tracheostomy* Surgical repair of a hernia

herniorrhaphy* Fixation of a kidney nephropexy* Plastic surgery of a joint

arthroplasty* Crushing of a stone lithotripsy* Surgical puncture of the chest cavity

thoracocentesis* Dilatation of the stomach gastrectasia* Establishment of an artificial

connection between the lumen of the colon and the skin colostomy* Establishment of a new opening into the stomach

gastrostomy* Establishment of a fistula through which the ileum discharges directly to the outside of the body ileostomy*

Creation of an opening into the urinary bladder resulting in a stoma cystostomy* A connection between segments of the intestine or a fistula into the intestine through the abdominal wall

enterostomy* Operative establishment of a fistula from the jejunum to the abdominal wall, usually with creation of a stoma jejenostomy*

The operation of incising the trachea, usually intended to be temporary tracheotomy* Incision into or needle puncture of a vein for the purpose of drawing blood

phlebotomy* Incision into the stomach gastrotomy* Creation of an opening into the

urinary bladder resulting in a stoma cystotomy* Incision into a lobe lobotomy*

Excision of a rib costectomy* Excision of a gland adenectomy*

.Surgical removal of the gallbladder cholecystectomy* Removal of the uterus; unless otherwise specified, usually denotes complete removal of the uterus .)corpus and cervix(

hysterectomy* Surgical repair of a hernia herniorrhaphy* Nephropexy by suturing the kidney

nephrorraphy* Operative fixation of a floating or mobile kidney nephropexy*

Operative fixation of an oviduct salpingopexy* Reconstructive or cosmetic surgery of the nose to correct form or function rhinoplasty*

An operation to restore as far as possible the integrity and functional power of a joint arthroplasty* Operative crushing of a nerve

neurotripsy* Paracentesis of the abdomen abdominocentesi* s

The crushing of a stone in the renal pelvis, calyces, ureter, or bladder, by mechanical force, laser, or focused sound energy lithotripsy* Paracentesis of the pleural cavity

thoracocentesis* Dilation of the pelvis of the kidney pyelectasia* Puncture of the colon with a trochar

or scalpel to relieve distention colocentesis* Reconstruction of the anus that often involves advancement flaps anoplasty*

Fixation of a segment of the intestine to the abdominal wall enteropexy* * / 3 16

Cystotomy )Incision or puncture into urinary bladder or gallbladder ( -1* oophorocystectomy )Excision of an ( ovarian cyst

* -2 Cystopexy )Surgical attachment of the gallbladder or urinary bladder to the abdominal wall or to other supporting structures (

) ( ) ) -3 * * -4 A connection between segments of the intestine or a fistula into the

intestine through the abdominal wall -5 * * -6

Cholecystorrhaphy )Suture of an incised or ruptured gallbladder ( -7* stomatoplasty )Old term for corrective operation of the mouth(

) ( ) -8 * Gastropexy )Attachment of the stomach to the abdominal wall or diaphragm (

) -9* Esophagoplasty )A revisional surgical procedure of the wall of the esophagus ( ) ( ) -10 *

Cholecystojejenostomy )Establishment of a communication between the gallbladder and the jejunum ( -11 *

Laryngotomy )A surgical incision of the larynx( -12 *

abdominocentesis * -13 ) Pancreatotomy )Incision of the pancreas (

-14* Cholelithotripsy )the crushing of a gallstone ( -15 *

* -16 Proctorrhaphy )Repair by suture of a lacerated rectum or anus ( -17* Rhinoplasty )Reconstructive or

cosmetic surgery of the nose to correct form or function ( -18* Varicocele )A condition manifested by abnormal dilation of the veins of

the spermatic cord ( -19* * / 4 17 colocentesis

Surgical puncture of the * colon enterorrhaphy Suture of the intestine * cholecystotomy

Incision into the gall * bladder esophagogastrostomy Partial excision of the * esophagus

Pharyngoplasty Repair of the pharynx * hepatopexy Fixation of the*

liver gastroenterostomy Created opening between * the stomach and intestine esophagostomy

Creation of an artificial * opening into the esophagus neurotripsy Surgical crushing of a * nerve

tracheomegaly Diltation of the trachea * / 1 20 enterocentesis )Puncture of the

intestine with a hollow needle )trocar and cannula( to withdraw substances ( * * -2

splenopexy * ) otoplasty

* * ) * *

* * ) *

* / 2 21 ectomy- 1 * 2- -logy 3. rrhage/-rrhagia 4. centesis 5. anti6. it is 7. arthr

8. algia 9. ostomy 10. oto 11. cele 12. osis 13. cranio 14. costo 15. tomy

Excision Study of Excessive flow Rupture of hernia Against Inflammation Joint

Pain New opening Ear Hernia Condition of Skull Rib incision

Nephro. 16 * 17. Rrhaphy 18. Procto 19. Myelo 20. Phlebo 21. tripsy 22. plasty

23. ectasia 24. rhino 25. pexy 26. pathy Kidney Suture Rectum

Spinal cord Vein Crushing Plastic surgery Diltation Nose Fixation disease

* / 3 21 1. Inflammation of the brain 2. Removal of a testicle surgically 3. Study of science of the blood

4. Pain in the head 5. Any disease or condition of the uterus 6. Pain in the stomach 7. Condition of the kidney 8. Removal of an ovary 9. Rupture of the rectum 10.Inflammation of the lungs

Encephalitis Testectomy Hematology Cephalgia Hysteropath y Gastralgia

Nephropathy Oophorecto my Rectocele Pulmonitis

A / an/ ar Without or not ,

lack of Near, toward Ad Away from Ab

Before, foreward Ante Against, opposing anti

cell Cyt/e, cyt/o

To free of, to undo with

Dis Painful or difficult Dys Against, opposing

Contra Blood Hem/o, Hem/a Hematt/o Hemi

More than normal, too much hyper Half, one side

) hypo

Less than normal, under, not enough Semi Half, one

side Inter Between Intr/o, intr/ Within a Sepsis, infection sept/o

Aseptic without infection, sterile Aphasia without speech Anemia lack of blood

Afebrile without fever Arrhytmia without the normal rhythm of the heart beat A / an / ar* Adduction

movement toward a midline Adhesion joining together of two normally separate

tissues Adrenal near the kidney ad* Abductionmovement

away from a midline ab* Anteflexion Antecubital

bending forward before elbow ante* Antibiotic

against life Antiseptic against infection Anticonvulsion a drug used to inhibit convulsion anti*

Contralateral opposite side Contraindicated not advisable contra* Cytometer

a device that counts cells Cytology study of cells Leukocyte white blood cell

Erythrocyte red blood cell cyto* cut a part Dissect to free of infection Disinfection

lack of ease Disease dis* difficult urination Dysuria painful intestine Dysentry dys*

study of blood Hematology stopping bleeding Hemostasis Hemato / hemo* half normal paralysis of half

Seminormal Hemiplagia the body removal of halfHemigastrectomy the stomach of

Semi / hemi* more than normal Hypertension blood pressure overactive Hyperactive low activity Hypoactive deficiency ofHypothyroidism activity

thyroid Hyper / hypo * between the ribs Intercostal between nodes Internodal

/ Inter* within the heart Intracardiac within the eye Intraocular turning inward Introversion intra*

* / 4 24 :Define the following words * absence of interest in the environment

Apathy Anemia Any condition in which the number of red blood cells/mm3, the amount of hemoglobin in 100 mL of blood, and/or the volume of packed red blood cells/100 mL of blood are less than normal Anesthesia Loss of sensation

AfebrileWithout fever Arrythmia Loss or abnormality of rhythm Adduction Movement of a body part toward the median plane Aboral Abduction Movement of a body part away from the medianplane

Aberrant Differing from the usual or norm Anteversion Turning forward, inclining forward as a whole without bending Antelocation Relating to antisepsisAntiseptic

Denoting an agent thatAntirheumatic manifestations of rheumatic suppresses disease Anticonvulsion Prevention of conception or Contraception impregnation Septecemia

Aseptic The substance of the protoplasm ofCytoplasm a cell, exclusive of the nucleus, which contains . various organelles and inclusions The dissolution of a cell Cytolysis leukocyte

Disinfect To destroy pathogenic microorganisms in or on any substance or to inhibit their growth and vital activity. Hemicardia Either lateral half, including atrium and

ventricle, of the heart Semicolon Dyspepsia Impaired gastric function or upset stomach due to some disorder of the stomach; characterized by epigastric pain, sometimes burning, nausea, and gaseous eructation. Dyskinesis

Difficulty in performing voluntary movements Dyspnea Shortness of breath, a subjective difficulty or distress in breathing, usually associated with disease of the heart or lungs; occurs normally during intense physical exertion or at high altitude. HemolysisAlteration, dissolution, or destruction of red blood cells

Hematophobia Hypoderm Hypertrophy General increase in bulk of a part or organ Within the substance Intramuscular of a muscle Within a cell or cells Intracellular

Between or connecting Interchondral cartilages Between the teeth Interdental An escape of blood Hemorrhage from the intravascular space

* instrument for looking into and Scope examining instrument for cutting thin Tome section

instrument or machine that Graph records instrument that measures or Meter counts act of examining and looking Scopy into incision Tomy

recording Graphy written record Gram act of measuring Metry electricityElectro

) audiometer = an electric device for testing hearing and for measuring the conduction of sound through the ear

Audio = hearing* acromiohumeral= related to acromion and humerus Acromi/o = acromion*

Algesi/o = abnormal sensitivity hyperalgesia = an exaggeratedsense of pain analgesia = absence of sense of pain paralgesia= abnormality of the sense of pain

Anterolateral= situated or occurring in front and to the sides Anterosuperior = located in front of and above Antero = before*

Autophobia = a fear of being alone Autohemotherapy = treatment of a disease by irradiation of the patients own blood

Aut/o = self* Acu= a needle Acupressure = a type of massage in which finger pressure on the specific bodily types Actinodermatitis =a skin swelling or

rash caused by sun, x-rays, or atomic radiation. It can cause skin cancer Actin/o = ray* Allopathy = a system of treatment in

which a disease is treated by creating a state in which it cannot thrive. For example, an antibiotic that kills a certain bacterium is given for an infection

All/o = other, different * Ambl/y = dim, dull Amblyopia = dimness of sight, without apparent organic defect Antroscopy = examining the cavity or a

chamber Antr/o = cavity* Ateloglossia = a congenitally incomplete development of the tongue

Atel/o =* incomplete Biology = the study of life Biogenesis = production of living

organism Bio = life* Brachydactylia = abnormal shortness of the finger or toe Brachygnathous = abnormal shortness of the mandible

Brachy = short* Brevicollis = abnormal shortness of the

neck Breviflexor = a short flexor muscle Brev/I = short* Balan/o = glans Balanoplasty = surgical reconstruction of the glans penis

Hypobaropathy = the disturbance experienced in high altitude due to reduced air pressure Bar /o = weight, heavy *

Biliuria = the presence of various bile salts in the urine Bil/I = bile*

Blast/o = embryonic form Angioblast = a cell in the embryo which develops into blood vessel tissue Neuroblast = a cell from which a nerve develops Cystocele = hernia in which the urinary

bladder protrudes through the wall of vagina Rectocele = herniation of the rectum Cele= hernia* Causalgia = a burning pain in a limb along the course of a peripheral nerve

Cautery = an instrument used to destroy tissue for medical reason ) removal of a wart (

Caus , caut =* burn Clas/ia * clas/o clas/i= breaking Osteoclasis = destruction of a bone tissue Clastothrix = a congenital condition in which

minute nodes are formed in the hair shafts Arthroclasia = surgical breaking down of an ankylosis to prevent a joint to move freely

Celiac = pertaining to abdomen Coelom = the cavity between the body wall and the alimentary canal

Cel * coel = hollow, cavity = Cacorhinia Cac/o= bad, diseased, *

abnormal Cari/o = decay Cariogenic = cancer causing Catalepsy = transelike state coming on suddenly as in a fit

Cat/a= down* Cerumen = ear wax Cer= wax*

Cleis/is = closure Colpocleisis = operation for removing the lumen of the vagina Colloid = a colloidal substance in the body as a stores secretion of a cyst

Coll/o = glutinous, * jellylike Corpostasis = fecal impaction being (closely together

Copr/o = feces, * excrement Calanodynia = pain in the heel when standing or walking

Calcane/o = heel* Abduct = pull away from the body Duct = lead*

Dolichocephalic = long-headed Dolichoderus = a person with long neck Dolich/o= long*

Dyn/ia dyn/o = pain Cephalodynia = headache Dacryocystitis = inflammation of the lacrimal sac Dacryoadenalgia = pain in the lacrimal

gland Dacry/o = tear* Choledochitis = inflammation of common bile duct

Doch/o = duct* Emesis = vomitting Hematemesis = vomiting of blood Cephaledema= edema of the head Edematous = swollen with an excessive

accumulation of blood Edem = swelling* Esophoria = deviation of the visual axis

of one eye Es/o = within , inward * Eurysomatic = having a thick-set body Eurycephalic = having an abnormally broad head

Eury = wide,* broad Epiplopexy = suture of the greater omentum to the abdominal wall

Epipl/o =* omentum Erg/o = work Synergy = working together of 2

things ) muscles or drugs ( Fissure = a narrow opening / a crack Fissile = capable of undergoing fission/ being split

Fiss = split, cleft* Neurofibroma = tumor of fibrous covering of a peritoneal nerve Angiofibroma = a lesion characterized by fibrous tissue and vascular proliferation

Fibr/o = fibrous, fiber * Gen/o = generation,

producing Pyogenic = causing abscesses / pus- forming Pathogenesis = the production of damage in a tissue Genophobia = fear of sexual relations

Gen/esis= origin* Gen/ous = beginning* Glycogen = the form of glucose in the blood

Hypoglycemia = abnormally low level of glucose in the blood Glycolysis = the breakdown of glucose Glycorrhea = discharge of sugar from the body Glyc/o = sugar*

Gynecopathy = any disease unique to women Gynecologist = specialist in treating the diseases and hygiene of women Gynecoid = like a woman

Gynec/o = woman* Cerebral ganglia Cervical ganglia= colonies of neurons

outside the brain and spinal cord Gangli/o =* ganglia

Hapl/o = simple , single Haploid = having a single set of chromosomes in the nucleus of each cell Hidroadenitis = inflammation of the sweat glands

Hyperhidrosis = too much sweating ) caused by heat, overactive thyroid , menopause (

Hidr/o = sweat* Hyalomucoid = a mucoprotein in the viterous body Hyal/o = glassy, * transparent

Ible, ile= capable , able Flexible = capable of being bent Contacticle = able to be contacted Immature = not mature Involuntary = not done of ones own free will; unintentional

Im , in = not* Pediatrics = a branch of medicine concerned with treatment of diseases of children

Iatr/o =* treatment Ischiorectal = pertaining to the region between the rectum and ischial tuborrosing Ischiopubic = relating to both ischium

and pubis growth of children Ischi/o = ischium*

Ichthyosis = any of the several congenital diseases in which the skin is fishlike Ichthy/o = fish* Idiopathy= a disease with unknown origin

Idi/o = personal, ones * own Inocystoma = any tumor or growth with sacs ) cysts (

in./o = fiber,* fibrous Kary/o = nucleus Karyophage= an intracellular

parasite that feeds on the host nucleus Kinetogenic= causing or producing movement Kinesiology= the scientific study of muscular activity and of the anatomy, physiology, and mechanics of body

Kin/esio * .movement kin/e kin/o = movement , motion Leidodermia = having glossy skin Leiootrichious = having straight smooth

hair Lei/o = smooth* Lepto = slender

Leptomeningitis = inflammation of the pia mater and arachnoid membrane Leptodactylous = having slender toes or fingers Leptodermic= slender; thin ; fine Levoduction = the rotation of one or both eyes to the lefy

Levorotation = left-handed rotation Lev/o = left*

Laparectomy = excision of strips of the abdominal wall Lapar/o = abdominal * wall

Narcolepsy = frequent and uncontrollable periods of sleep Leps/o = seizure, * attacks of sleep

Nasolacrimal = pertaining to the lacrimal structures and the nose Lacrim/o = tear* labiomycosis-= the growth of parasitic

fungi in the lips Labi/o = lip* Lal/o= speech disorder

Echolalia= the uncontrollable and immediate repetition of words spoken by another person Macrobiosis = long life Macrencephaly = the condition of having an abnormally large brain

Macr/o = large* Micracoustic = related to faint sounds Microbe = a microorganism , esp. a pathogenic bacterium

Micr/o = small* Meta= beyond Metastasis = transference of disease

producing organism Metachrosis = the ability of some animals to change their color Metacarpal = relating to metacarpal Morphology = a branch of biology dealing with the forms and structure of an organ

Morph/o = form, * structure, shape Megalgia= very severe pain Megalomania= a symptom of mental

illness marked by delusions of greatness , wealth Mega/ megaly/ megalo= * large

Miosis = excessive constriction of the pupil of the eye Mi/o = less, decrease*

Megalomania=a symptom of mental illness marked by delusions of greatness , wealth

Mania= madness* Mucoid = looking like mucus mucolytic = anything that dissolves or destroys the mucus

Muc/o = mucous* Myc/o = fungus Mesoderm = the middle germ layer of a metazoan embryo

Mes/o = middle* Mononeucleosis = the presence of an abnormally large number of mononuclear leukocytes Monomyoplegia = paralysis limited to a

single muscle Monocyte = a large circulating WBC Mononeural = having only one neuron Mon/o = single* Mycology = the branch of biology dealing with fungi

Myc/o= mucus* Necrosis = death of a circumscribed portion of a tissue Necrophobia = abnormal fear of death Necropsy = ) autopsy ( the examination of a body after death

Necr/o = death*

Neopathy = a new lesion or pathologic process Neonatal= pertaining to newborn children Neoplasm = a new uncontrolled growth of abnormal tissue; tumor =Neocyte

Ne/o = new* Nevocarcinoma = a carcinoma developing from a nevus ) moles and various types of birthmarks (

Nev/o = birthmark, mole * Nullipara= a woman who has never borne a child Null/i= none*

Narcosis = a state of of stupor or drowsiness Narcotic = any of a class of substances that blunt the senses Narc/o = sleep*

Oid = resembling Lipoid = resembling fat Android = resembling a man Ambiopia = ) diplopia ( = a single object appears twice Opia = vision*

Optometer = any of the various instrument for measuring the refractivity of an eye Optician = a person specialized in opticianary

Opt/o * optic/o = seeing Olig/o = few, little Oligophrenia = less than normal mental

development Opisthocheilia = recession of the lips ) the withdrawal of tissue ( Opisth/o = backward, *

behind Orthodontics = prevention and correction of irregular teeth Orth/o = straight, *

normal, correct Oxyesthesia = increased sensitivity to stimulation Oxyrhine = having a sharp-pointed tooth

Ox/y = sharp, quick, * acute Oogenesis= the origin and development of the ovum

o/o = ovum* Oculonasal = relating to eyes and nose ocul/o = eye*

Onc/o = tumor, mass Oncolysis = the destruction of tumor cells Anosmia = absence or loss of the sense of smell

Osm/o = sense of smell, * odor Hysteroptosis = prolapse of the uterus Blepharoptosis = a drooping or abnormal relaxation of the upper eyelid Nephroptosis = abnormal mobility of the

kidney ptosis= prolapse,- * downward Poly = many, much, excessive Polyuria = the passing of an excessive

quantity of urine Polyarthritis = arthritis occurring in more than one joint Polyneuritis =inflammation of several nerves at the same time Polyotia = the presence of an extra auricle on one or both sides of the head Polyphagia = excessive desire to eat

Polycystic = containing many cysts Pseudomania = a factitious ) not natural ( mental disorder Pseudoesthesia = false or imaginary feeling Pseud/o = false*

Hemopoiesis = the formation of blood Leukopoiesis = the formation and development of white blood cells

Poiesis= formation, * production Pachyderma= abnormally thick skin Pachycephalic = thickness of the skull or head Pachy= thick*

Ple/o = old, primitive Paleogenetic = a trait or structure of an organism or species that originated in a previous generation = Paleogenesis . the regrowth of a lost part. 1

the hereditary carrying of family. 2 traits, especially defects, from one generation to the next Platyglossal = having a broad flattened tongue Platycephaly = flatness of the cranium

Platy = flat , wide* Pleonexia = excessive desire of wealth Pleomastia = the condition of having more than normal number of breast

Ple/o = more* Poikil/o = irregular, varied Poikiloderma= patchy discoloration of the skin Poikilothermic = cold-blooded

Dyspepsia = impaired digestion Bradypepsia = slowness of digestion Apepsia= a condition involving a failure of the digestive functions

Peps/ia, * peps/o = digestion Pyelitis = inflammation of the pelvis Pyeloplasty = plastic surgery of the renal pelvis of a kidney

Pyel/o = renal* pelvis Phon/o = voice

Dysphonia = any disturbance of normal vocal function Phonometer = a device for the measurement of the intensity of a sound Phonomyography = the recording of sounds produced by muscle contraction

Hyperplasia= abnormal multiplication of cells Chondrodysplasia = a genetic disease marked by abnormal growth at the ends of bones, particularly the long bones of the arms and legs. Bones of the hands and feet may be similarly affected

Plas/o = development, * formation Psychiatrist = the branch of medical science that deals with the causes, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotion, and behavior disorders Psychologist = A clinical psychologist is

one who is qualified by education and training to test and counsel patients .with mental and emotional disorders Psychosis = any severe form of mental disorder Psych/o = mind*

Psychoneurosis = ) neurosis ( = a relatively mild personality disorder Psychopathy= also called psychopathia. Any disease of the mind, inborn or one that develops phor/o = bear, carry

Phorometer = an instrument for measuring imbalance in the extrinsis muscles of the eyes Euphoria = a feeling of happiness, confidence, well-being ) mania( Phorology = studies disease carriers and epidemic or endemic diseases

Plasm/o =* formation referring to the diaphragm. phrenic. 1 nerve .referring to the mind. 2 Phren/o = diaphragm*

perineum the part of the body between the inner thighs on either side, with the buttocks to the rear and the sex organs at the front. The perineum holds up and surrounds the lower parts of the urinary and digestive tracts

Perine/o =* perineum Phacoid = having the shape of a lentile; lens-shaped Phacocele= hernia of the lens of the eye

Phac/o = lens of the eye * Phototherapy = treatment of disease ) esp. skin ( by means of light

Phot/o = light* Phyt/o = plant Dermatophytosis = a mild fungus infection of the skin. On the trunk and arms it is commonly called "ringworm." The infection

causes round scaly patches with slightly raised edges and clear centers. On the feet, small blisters, cracking and itching, occur; the condition is called "athlete's foot." Treatment includes drugs to fight fungus Plica = a fold of tissue in the body, as the circular folds )plicae circulares( of

the small intestine Plic/i = fold* Protoplasm = the living substance of a cell, usually made up of water,

minerals, and animal and vegetable .compounds Prot/o = first* Pteryg/o = wing pterygoideus medialis, internal pterygoid muscle, also called internal

pterygoid muscle. One of the four jaw muscles used for chewing. It functions to close the jaw ptyalism , hyperptyalism also called hyperptyalism. Too much saliva, as sometimes occurs in the early months of pregnancy. It is also a sign of mercury

poisoning Ptyal/o = saliva* Radiculoneuritis = inflammation of one or more roots of the spinal nerves

radicular retention= dental treatment with metal projections placed into the root canals of pulpless teeth Radicul/o = root* Sclerosis = hardening of a tissue Arteriosclerosis = thickening of the

vessel walls and accumulation of calcium Scler/o =* hardness

Scoliosis = an abnormal curvature of the spine Scoliosiometry = measurement of spinal curvature Scoli/o = twisted, * crooked

Stenosis = an abnormal condition marked by the tightening or narrowing of an opening or passageway in a body structure. Kinds of stenosis include aortic stenosis and pyloric stenosis Stenocoriasis = contraction of the pupil

Stene/o = solid, three * dimensional Spermat/o =

spermatozoa Spermatolysis = destruction of spermatozoa Spermatocyst = )spermatocele ( a cystlike swelling that contains sperm. It lies above, behind, and separate from the testis; it is .usually painless and requires no therapy Spermatopathy = any disease of the semen or spermatozoa

Syphiliopsychosis= any mental disease arising from spylitic infection category Syphiliosis = a serious disease passed on through sexual intercourse )a sexually carried disease caused by a type of bacteria )Treponema pallidum(, marked by three clear stages over a

period of years. Any organ system may become involved. The bacteria are able to pass into a fetus in the womb, causing syphilis in the newborn at birth. ( Syphil/o = syphlis*

Aseptic = free from the living germs of disease Septemia = ) septecemia ( = blood poisoning = systemic disease caused by spread of microorganisms and toxins through circulating blood Sept/o = infection*

Sarc/o = flesh Sarcoma = any of the malignant tumors composed of neoplastic cells Scotoma = loss of vision in a part of the visual field

Scot/o = darkness* Seborrhea= an excessive and abnormal discharge from the sebaceous gland

Seb/o = sebum* Sialoadenitis = inflammation of one or more of the salivary glands

Sial/o = saliva* Sitotherapy = ) dictotherapy ( treatment by food Sit /o = food*

Insomnia = ) sleeplessness ( inability to obtain sufficient sleep Somn/o = sleep* Son/o = sound

Ultrasonic = sound with a frequency greater than 20000 Hz Sphygmomanometer = an instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure

Sphygm/o = pulse* sten./o = narrowness, * constriction Sthen/o = strength Asthenia = ) weakness ( lack or loss of strength

stigma pl. stigmata, stigmas, 1. a moral or physical blemish. 2. a physical trait that serves to .identify a disease or a condition Astigmatism = an abnormal condition of the eye in which the curve of the cornea is Stigmat/o

=light mark, point unequal. As a result, rays cannot be focused clearly. Vision is blurred and the

eyes tire easily. The condition usually can be corrected with contact lenses or eyeglasses * Topalgia = pain restricted to a partcular spot

Top/o = place, location * Telepathy = The unproved communication of thought from one person to another by means other than the physical senses Tel/o *

tel/e = distant, end Teratoma = a tumor made up of different types of tissue , none of which normally occur together or at the site of the tumor. Teratomas are most common in the ovaries or testes

Terat/o = monster, * wonder Thanatoid = resembling death thanatology = the study of death and dying Thanotopsy, autopsy, necropsy, thanatopsy , also called necropsy, An

examination after death that is done to .determine the cause of death Thant/o = death* Trop/o = turning Heterotropia = ) strabismus ( = crossed eyes

ultrasonography, sonogram, sonography, also called sonography. The process of imaging deep structures of the body by recording the reflection of high-frequency sound waves. It is used to diagnose fetal abnormalities, gallstones, heart defects, and tumors

Ultra= beyond, excess * Uremia = The presence of excessive amounts of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in the blood, as occurs in renal failure

Ur /o = urine* Varic/o = varicose vein Varicocele = varicose condition of the veins Xenophobia = an unreasonable fear of

foreigners or strangers Xen/o = strange, foreign * Xeroderma= dry-skinned

Xer/o = dry* *scrotum

testes*

*-Orchido *Tunica albuginea

. * Androgenic hormones

. *testestrone

. *epididymis

Vas deferens/ seminal * duct .

*Spermatic cord .

*Inguinal canal

Prostate gland*

Prostatic urethra* . *Bulbourethral glands

() . *Seminal vesicle

. *Ejaculatory duct .

*semen

*penis

. *phallo

Corpus* cavernosum oligospermia*

/ *orchitis

glans penis *parahimosis

*phallitis glans penis.

*phimosis *prostatitis

. *spermatocele

*strangury .

*teratoma *Testicular torsion

*varicocele

Venereal diseases*

/ *circumcision

*meatotomy

* Orchiopexy/ orchidopexy

*orchiectomy *prostatectomy

spermatocelecto* my

( ) *vasectomy

glans penis . *balano

. *Gyne/ gyneco

. *colpo .

*Birth canal .

*fornix *introitus

. *hyster

. *metro .

*womb *ligament

*cervix

*body *fundus

External uterine orifice *

*myometrium

endometrium* *Rectouterine

pouch *Menstrual cycle

*menstruation

*menses .

*The period *menarche

menopause*

*adnexa . *salpingo

*oviduct

. *oophor ovary*

. *Ovarian follicle

oogenesis* ovum*

ovulation*

fertilization* implantation*

*oosperm *

conceive*

conception*

pregnancy* *antenatal

Gestation period*

*gravid embryo*

*fetus

placenta* Umbilical cord*

Fetal membrane*

. *Amniotic sac

. *para

labor* ( ) *delivery

*afterbirth

*contraction

Dilation of the* cervix

parturition* *postpartum

neonate* *lochia

*

anovulation* *cervicitis

*cytocele

*endocervitis

*endometriosis *fibriomyoma

*infertility

*leukorrhea

Menstrual* disorders

amenorrhea* dysmenorrhea*

hypomenorrhea*

*menorrhagia

*metrorrhagia *oligomenorrhea

Postmenopausal * bleeding

*Polycystic ovary

Prolapsed uterus* *rectocele

*Rigid hymen

Stenosis of the hymen *

*sterility Uterine* retroflexion

*vaginismus

sterilization* colpectomy*

*colpocleisis

*colporrhaphy

*Endometrial biopsy

hysterectomy* oopherectomy*

*salpingectomy

* salpingooopherectomy

*salpingorrhaphy *ecalmpsia

*Ectopic pregnancy

* Hyper emesis gravidarum

Placenta previa*

multipara* Premature labor*

*stillborn

abortion* *hysterotomy

*Vaginal delivery /3 178

The presence of pus in the urine Pyuria*

A gland with both testicular and ovarian aspects ovotestis* A surgical cut in the perineum ) the area between the vagina and anus(

episiotomy* The area between the vagina and the anus perineum*

A female sexual organ homologous to penis clitoris* The surgical removal of the foreskin

circumcision* Inflammation of the uterus and of one or both fallopian tubes

metrosalpinginiti* s The process of inserting a catheter

catheterization* An x-ray of the kidney and ureters pyelogram*

Bleeding of or near the uterus hematometra* Inflammation of the ovary and oviduct

oophorosalpingiti* s hysterolaparatom* y

Inflammation of the head of penis balanitis* An x-ray of the kidney and urinary tract

Intravenous pyelogram * Contrast material is injected into the uterus from an endoscope in the bladder

Retrograde pyelogram * Displacement of the kidney nephroptosis*

Dilation of the bronchus and pelvic cavity of the kidney hydronephrosis* Hardening of the kidney

nephrosclerosis* Dilation of the ureter

uretrectasis* urethroblennorrh* ea The removal of stone from the urinary bladder

cystolithectomy* Fixation of a floating or mobile kidney

nephropexy* Insufficient spermatozoa in the semen oligospermia*

Painful menstruation dysmenorrhea* Excision of a vesicle

vesiculectomy* Surgery to bring down an undescendeed testicle orchipexy*

Cervicoplasty = plastic surgery of the neck of the uterus tracheoplasty*

Inflammation of uterine veins usually after childbirth metrophlebitis* Painful or difficult urination

dysuria* Suture of the urethra

urethrorrhaphy* The xenix is a greasy substance which covers on fetus in utero.It protects the fetuss skin

Vernix caseosa* Nephritis marked by inflammation of the glumeruli of the kidney

glumerulonephriti* s Inflammation of the cellular tissue around the kidney perinephritis*

Accumulation of pus in the ureter ureteropyosis* The presence of renal cylinders or cast in the uterine

cylindruria* Absence of urine output anuria*

Softening of the kidney nephromalacia* Enlargement of the kidney

nephromegaly* Presence of abnormally large amount of uric acid in the urine

uraturia* The power of keeping urine

retention* The death of an area of tissue in the kidney due to lack of oxygen Renal infarction*

Kidney disease nephrosis* Cancerous tumor of the kidney in children

adenomyosarcom* a The most common type of kidney cancer

Renal cell* carinoma Rupture of the ureter

uretrolysis* Stricture of the ureter uretrostenosis*

Pain in the urethra urethralgia* Dialysis of the blood to remove toxic

substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream hemodialysis* Formation of an opening into kidney

pelvis pyelostomy* Surgical creation of a new channel joining a renal pelvis to a ureter

uretropyeloneostomy * pyelocystostomos* is The inspection of the interior of the bladder by means of cystoscope

cystoscopy* Pipeline which runs from the testicle toward the penis

Spermatic cords* The mucous membrane that line sthe uterus endometrium*

The smooth muscle forming the wall of the uterus myometrium* The monthly discharge of blood from the uterus

menstruation* Pregnancy resulting from the gestation elsewhere than the uterus

Ectopic* pregnancy A membrane surrounding the fetus during pregnancy amnion*

The innermost of the three primary germ layers of the embryo Ectoderm Mesoderm endoderm endoderm*

A growing baby after 8 months of development fetus* A stone in the urinary tract

Urinary calculus* Obstruction of the flow of the urine through the urethra

urethremphraxis* An imaging technique in which a renal cortex localizing radiopharmoceutical is injected Renal scan*

In animals with three tissue layers )i.e. all except sponges and cnidarians(, the middle layer of tissue, between the ectoderm and the endoderm. In vertebrates, for instance, the mesoderm forms the skeleton, muscles, heart, .spleen, and many other internal organs

mesoderm* The cell resulting from the fusion of the male and female gametes )the fertilized egg(

zygote* The navel umbilicus*

A growing baby before 8 weeks of development embryo* A veneral contagious disease caused by the bacterium

gonorrhea* Common fungal infection

Genital* candidiasis Genital herpes Herpes genitalis*

Congenital condition in which a person has external genitalis of one sex and internal sex organ of the other sex pseudohermaphroditism *

The presence of more than 2 nipples polythelia* The presence of more than 2 mammary

glands or nipples polymastia* A malformation caused by the underdevelopment of cells, tissues or

organs Hypoplasia of* sevix Failure of one or both of the testes to descend

cryptorchism* Painful menstruation

dysmenorrhea* Excessive development of breast in males gynecomastia*

A toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during or immediately after pregnancy eclampsia*

Pregnancy in which placenta is implanted in the lower part of the uterus ) instead of the upper part( Placenta previa*

Excessive uterine bleeding menometrorrhagi* a The sudden unplanned evacuation of the

uterus Spontaneous abortion * Surgical removal of the uterus

hysterectomy* vagionfixation colpopexy*

An x-ray examination performed to examine the inside of the uterus and fallopian tubes Computerized axial * tomography

Method that uses high frequency sound waves to provide a picture of the inside of the body ultrasonography* Radiography of the amniotic sac

amniography* Surgical reconstruction of the scrotum

scrotoplasty* The operation of removing one or both of the ovaries Ovariotomy / * oophorectomy

/ 3 190 An uncommon type of diabetes disorder marked by extreme thirst and heavy urination

Diabetes* insipidus Bulging eyes

exophthalmus* General ill health and faulty diet ) linked to TB or cancer(

cachexia* A loss of appetite ) resulting in the patient not being able to eat( anorexia*

An overgrown thyroid gland ) seen in the neck( goiter* Overactivity of one or more of the four parathyroid glands

hyperparathyroid* ism Having too much thirst

polydipsia* A condition with cramps, convulsion , twitching of the muscles

tetany* Excision or amputation of the tongue glossectomy / *

lingulectomy Removal of the pineal body pinealectomy*

Any gonadotropin of hypophysical origin Pituitary gonadotropin * test A type of chest surgery in which a lobe of

a lung is removed lobectomy* Removal of one or both adrenal glands or part of the gland

adrenalectomy* Any of the largest group of cancers of the brain

Glioma of pineal gland * The development or premature development of male secondary sexual characteristics caused by male sex hormones excessively by adrenal glands

Virilizing adenoma of * adrenal gland A steroid secreted by the adrenal cortex but also by testicles

Dehydroepiandrosteron * e test Test if cancer cells have estrogen receptors ) proteins to which estrogen will

bind( Estrogen receptor test * A test of a chemical in the brain that controls mood and appetite

Catecholamine* test A disorder of thyroid gland

thyropathy* The development of male secondary sexual characteristics in female virilism*

Is due to hyperplasia ) enlargement of both adrenal( Adrenocortical * hyperfunction

A genetic abnormality resulting in short stature dwarfism* A disorder characterized by adiposity of the feminine type, genital hypoplasia,

changes in secondary sex characters, and metabolic disturbances; seen with lesions . of the hypothalamus Adiposogenital * dystrophy

Enlargement of the bones of hands and feet and face acromegaly*

Enlargement of adrenal glands Congenital adrenal * hyperplasia 2

210 A round bundle of nerve fibers that crosses the midline of the brain Anterior commissure *

The middle of the 3 membranes that c over the spinal cord and brain arachnoid*

the portion of the colon between the ileocecal orifice and the right colic .flexure Ascending colon* One of the brain cells that supports the nervous tissue

astrocyte* Any structure that resembles a horn in shape cornu*

The large bundle of fiber linking the left and right cerebral hemisphere Corpus callosum* The outermost of the 3 membranes that

cover the spinal cord and brain Dura mater* The part of diencephalons

epithalamus* A group of chemicals produced in the brain that reduces pain

endorphins* Large opening in the back of the skull Foramen magnum*

The two innermost layers of the meninges Lepto/meninges* the limbic system exerts an important

influence on the endocrine and autonomic motor systems; its functions also appear .to affect motivational and mood states Limbic system*

A membrane lining the canal of the spinal cord and the ventricles of the brain ependyma* Immune cells from inside the CNS

Micro/glia* A chemical released by neurons

Neuro/transmitt/* er A class of neurological cells in the CNS

Oligo/denroglia* The crossing of the optic nerves from 2 eyes at the base of the brain Optic chiasma*

Dura mater Pachy/meninx* The median lobe or division of the

cerebellum vermis* The main stem of a nerve

Nerve trunk* The delicate outermost membrane of the myelin sheath

neurilemma* A short interval in the myelin sheath of a nerve fiber

Ranivers node* A group of end organs of sensory neurons receptors*

Involuntary response to a stimulus Reflex action* A region where nerve impulses are transmitted and received

synapse* Terminal branches of an artery

Terminal twigs* Abducent Abducting Away from the midline abducens*

Related to the female external genital organ pudendal* A parasympathetic and sensory nerve

Naso/palatine* nerve The nerve of the bone of the forearm

Ulnar nerve* A nerve that arises by 2 coats from the brachial plexus and passes down the middle of the front of the arm

Median nerve* A large nerve that arises from the posterior cord of the brachial plexus

Radial nerve* A terminal division of the sciatic nerve Peroneal nerve*

The longest branch of the femoral nerve Saphen/ous nerve* The largest branch of the lumbar plexus

Femor/al nerve* A nerve that arises from the lumbar plexus Lateral femoral *

cutaneous nerve An autonomic ganglion of the maxillary nerve Pterygopalatine * ganglion

A small parasympathetic ganglion associated with mandibular nerve Optic ganglion* A small autonomic ganglion in the

nasociliary branch of the ophthalmic nerve Cili/ary ganglion* Sensory ganglion of the trigeminal nerve

Trigeminal* ganglion A branch of the nerve applying the skin of the forehead and the upper lid

Supra/trochle/ar nerve * A branch of the nerve applying the skin of the eyes and the rest of the nose

Infra/trochle/ar nerve * A branch of the nerve applying the skin of the cheek near the angle of the mouth Buccal nerve*

Inflammation of the spinal cord and. 1 nerve roots Meningo/ * myeloradiculitis Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord

together with their membranes Meningo/encephalo/ * myel/itis Inflammation of the membranes of the

brain and the spinal cord Pachy/lepto/meningitis * Inflammation of both muscles and nerves

Neuro/myos/itis* Neuroitis due to amebiasis ) infection by a disease causing ameba(

Neuro/amebia/sis* Acute anterior pyelomyelitis with encephalitis

Polio/myelo/encephal/ * itis An acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord

Polio/myel/itis* Inflammation of the many or all of the peropheral nerves ) as in leprosy(

Poly/neur/itis* Protrusion of part of cranial contents Cephalo/cele*

Congenital fissure of the skull and vertebral column Cranio/* rachschisis

Congenital anomaly with imperfect development of the brain Atel/encephal/ia* Defective development of the spinal cord

Atelo/myel/ia* Softness or degeneration of brain tissue

Encephalo/* malacia The escape of blood through the skull

Intra/crani/al * hemo/rrhage Extravasation of blood between the dural and arachnoidal membrane

Sub/dur/al hemo/rrhage * sub/dural hemat/oma A sensation predicting an attack of migraine or epilepsy ) as of lights or a current of warm or cold air(

aura* Loss of ability to speak speechlessness

a/phas/ia* A defect of speech ) using wrong words( Para/phas/ia*

Partial paralysis, especially of the lower limbs Para/paresis* A common neurologic disease

Parkinsons* disease Any of the several diseases of the nervous system ) involuntary movements of the face and extremities(

chorea* A state of prolonged unconsciousness

coma* To remove the cerebrum De/cerebr/ation*

Abnormal slowness of/in speech Brady/lalia * brady/arthr/ia

Paralysis of the identical part on both sides of the body Dip/leg/ia* Difficulty or abnormality in performing

voluntary muscular movements Dys/kines/ia* dementia

Picks disease* The progressive atrophy and paralysis of the muscles of tongue, lips, palate, pharynx, larynx

Progressive bulbar * paralysis Wernickes* disease

Painful sensation in response to a touch Hyper/path/ia* Any of various tumors of nerve tissue

Neuro/cyt/oma* A condition characterized by frequent and uncontrollable periods of sleep

Narco/lepsy* A chronic degenerative disease of CNS marked by patchy destruction of the myelin that surrounds and insulates nerve fibers

Multiple * sclero/sis Syndrome marked by : sinking of the eyeball; contraction of the pupil ; drooping of the upper lid ; vasodilatation ; anhidrosis of the face caused by paralysis of cervical sympathetic nerve fibers

Horners* syndrome A rare form of cancer marked by tumors made up of large cells with 2 or 3 nuclei

Astro/blast/oma* A tumor of connective tissue, or fibroblastic, cells ) of the meninges(

Meningo/fibroblast/oma * Operative crushing of a nerve

Neuro/tripsy* a graphical image of the brain produced by an echoencephalograph Echo/encephalo/gram *

one so constructed that illumination is from the side of the field so that details .appear light against a dark background Darkfield *

examination/microscope Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium Cerebr/al angio/graphy *

Radiographic visualization of the cerebral ventricles by injection of air or other gas Pneumo/encephalo/ * graphy

Depression in physiology and medicine refers to a lowering, in particular a reduction in a particular biological variable or the function of an organ. It is in contrast to elevation

depression* Unnatural constant hunger Bulimia / hyperphagia *

a cover term for a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom Anxiety disorder*

An uncontrollable outburst of emotion or fear Hyster/ia* Of a physical symptom or disease thought to arise from emotional or mental factors.

The term `psychosomatic` has been applied to many conditions, including asthma, migraine, hypertension, and peptic ulcers. Whereas it is unlikely that these and other conditions are wholly due to psychological factors, emotional states ...such as anxiety or d

Psycho/somat/ic* An irrational, pathological, or abnormal fear of snakes or other reptiles

Ophidio/phob/ia* Baseless suspicion of the motives of others Parano/ia*

A brain disorder associated with heavy drinking over a long period Koraskoffs syndrome * Schizophrenia is a condition where an

individual suffers disturbances to their thinking, perception, affect )mood, or how one feels( and behaviour Schizophren/ia*

Lack of response to others, limited ability to communication Aut/ism* Impaired ability to read

a/lex/ia* Psychiatry . the replacement of a gap in a person's memory by a falsification that he . or she believes to be true

confabulation* Psychiatry . a disorder occurring in children and adolescents, characterized by excessive activity, extreme restlessness, impulsivity, and a short . attention span

Hyper/kine/sis* a person who derives sexual pleasure from whipping or being whipped by . another person

Flagellant/ism* copulation with a member of the same . sex sodomy*

a delusional mental illness in which a person believes himself or herself to be God or specially chosen by God, as to . found a religious order Theo/mania* the practice, especially of men, of

wearing clothing usually associated with the opposite sex for psychological . gratification Transvest/ism*

is characterized by an appetite for substances largely non-nutritive )such as . clay or chalk( pica*

Pica is most common in people with developmental disabilities, including autism and mental retardation, and in children between the ages of 2 and 3. Pica also may surface in children who've had a brain injury affecting their development. It can also be a problem for some pregnant .women, as well as people with epilepsy

People with pica frequently crave and :consume nonfood items such as * ice dirt * glue Clay * hair paint chips *buttons plaster

* paper chalk * sand cornstarch * toothpaste laundry starch * soap baking soda coffee grounds cigarette ashes burnt match heads cigarette butts

feces ice

the practice of obtaining sexual gratification by looking at sexual objects . or acts, especially secretively

Voyeur/ism* a treatment for serious mental illnesses, as severe depressive disorders, involving the application to the head of electric current in order to induce a seizure: usually administered after sedatives and muscle relaxants. Abbreviation: ECT

Electro/convuls/ive * therapy Tranquilizers used to treat psychotic conditions

Anti/psychot/ic drugs* Drugs used to treat depression Anti/depress/ant drugs *

Pharmacological * methods of treatment Therapy by correction of a persons undesirable behavior

Behavior therapy* a form of therapy for depression in which the goal is to diminish symptoms by correcting distorted thinking based on negative self-perceptions and . expectations

Cognitive theory* the application of psychoanalytic theory in clinical practice. Its purpose is to access, and bring to the patients' conscious awareness, the cause of their problem thought to be lying in their

unconscious. How? Interpretation of Psycho/analytic therapy dreams, free association, . hypnosis/regression transference etc *

The client determines the forms and the focus of the therapy Client-centered therapy * Agents that are used to treat bipolar

disorders or mania associated with other affective disorders Anti/manic drugs* Absence or suppression of passion,

emotion, or excitement a/pathy* is a nervous condition characterized by muscular rigidity and fixity of posture

regardless of external stimuli, as well as decreased sensitivity to pain. Catalepsy is also a term used by hypnotists to refer to the state of making a hypnotised subject`s arm, leg or back rigid

catalepsy* A cerebral disorder characterized by total or partial inability to write a/graph/ia*

The contaminant of ammonia in the blood Serum ammonia* the operation of cutting into a lobe, as of

. the brain or the lung Lobo/tomy* Separation and reflection of the greater part or all of one half of the cranium, as a

preliminary to an operation upon the .brain Hemi craniectomy * hemi craniotomy

227 Dysmenorrhea

Menorrhagia Menometrorrhagia Menopause / =Men )( month

( * )

Encephalomeningitis ( ) = Mening *

membrane Mergony Meromicrosomia

*Mer= part )

Transmission / = Miss/mittent *

send Mnemonics *

Mne = remember Nosology

Nosopoietic

Nosohemia disease *= Nos

Phacocele Phacitis

Phacocystitis * Phac / phak = lens

Phacoerysis

Phlegmasia Phlegmon Phlogtic

* Phleg / phlog = burn, inflame

Phosgenic

Photodermatitis Photoallergy

Phos / phot = light *

Photalgia Diaphragm

* Phrag = fence, wall off

Phylaxis Prophylactodontist

Prophylaxis guard *= Phylac

* Poie = make, produce

Pontocerebular Pontis/ pont/ pons =

bridge *

Prosopodiplegia Prosoponeuralgia

Prosopospasm *= Prosop

Prosoposternodynia face

Cranial puncture Lumbar puncture * Punct = prick

Purulence

Purulent Puruloid

*Pur = pus ) Pyretogenesis Pyerototherapy

Pyrexia Pyr = fire * Pyretogenic

Pyretotyphosis

Encephalorachidian Rachiocentesis

Rachiodynia Rachiopagus

Rachiometer

* Rachi = spine Rachioparalysis )

Rotation Rotator ( ) Rotative

* Rot = wheel Sialoadenitis

Sialoaeorophagy

Sialography Sial = saliva *

Sialolith

Saliostenosis

Sialorrhea Spectroscopy Spectrophobia

Spectacles = Spectr

* Spectrometry appearance Hemisphere

* Spher = ball

Sphygmic Sphygmoscope () Sphygmology

= Sphygm * pulsation

Spirometer Inspiration

Expiration

* Spirate = breathe

Sporont Sporulation

Sporoagglutination *Spor = seed

Stearodermia *Stear = fat

Protective * Tect / teg = cover

Dystocia *

Toc = childbirth Toxemia

*Tox = poison )

Traumatherapy Traumatologist *

Traumat = wound ) ) * node Tuber = swelling /

*

2 . . a combining form meaning 'referring to the cecum.' . 1 .'2. a combining form meaning 'referring to blindness

Typhl =1 Typhlectasis Typhylolexia

Vital Vitamin :

*Vit = life Zymocyte Zymology

Zymoscope * Zym = ferment

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Los verbos como GUSTAR

    Los verbos como GUSTAR

    Mrs. Smith, does it seem strange to you that it is hot in here? Sra. Smith, ¿a Ud. le extraña que haga calor aquí? Los verbos como GUSTAR ¿Cómo se construyen las frases? GUSTAR significa "TO BE PLEASING" no "to...
  • Unit 4 Machine Tools Machine Tools (Basic Elements,

    Unit 4 Machine Tools Machine Tools (Basic Elements,

    WP Drill Principle of Drilling Machine Drilling is an operation of generating a hole of different diameters by means of rotating cutting tools of different diameters. The tool used for drilling hole is called as drill. Similar operations like boring,...
  • Automatic Chalkboard Eraser

    Automatic Chalkboard Eraser

    Pulleys attached to each of the rods with an eraser member affixed to two belts provide horizontal erasing action. Date of Patent: Sep. 27, 2005 Eraser Pulley Chain Shaft Automatic Chalkboard Eraser Description: This patent is for an automatic chalkboard...
  • International Relocation: The Policy, Process, and Politics Atlas

    International Relocation: The Policy, Process, and Politics Atlas

    Introductions - Ann Marie Norsk. Ann Marie is a partner in Deloitte's Global Employer Services Practice. Prior to joining Deloitte , Ann Marie was the Chicago office Lead Partner for International Executive Services, Network of Women and Work Environment Team...
  • Current Management of OAB Dr Sandeep Gupta (

    Current Management of OAB Dr Sandeep Gupta (

    Mirabegron is a first-in-class β3-adrenoceptor agonist licensed for the treatment of OAB and has shown to be well tolerated and effective in the treatment of OAB symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative efficacy and tolerability of OAB medications, specifically mirabegron...
  • Crab Cavities - CERN

    Crab Cavities - CERN

    It is likely that Philip Goudket will now work closely with the final focus team at Daresbury for the next few months running optics models with crab cavities in different positions. With respect interaction with the international community Carl Beard...
  • Section A: Comparing Poetry

    Section A: Comparing Poetry

    Yeats uses a number of poetic techniques in the poem. The metaphor 'the seed of the fire flicker and glow' creates a vivid image of the fire growing from a tiny spark to a full grown fire whilst the repetition...
  • Edmond rostand - Ms. Christina Baumeister

    Edmond rostand - Ms. Christina Baumeister

    Edmond rostand. 1868-1918. French poet and dramatist. Romantic writer. His work contrasted with naturalistic theater popular at the time. Found great success with the play we will read, Cyrano de Bergerac Ran for 300 consecutive nights