Nuclear Waste Storage - Now and Current Developments

Nuclear Waste Storage - Now and Current Developments

Nuclear Waste Storage Current Status and Plans LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Study November 2017 January 2018 Spent Nuclear Fuel Basics LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee 2 2017 - Spent Nuclear Fuel Generation & Storage Status

Current SNF Locations Generator sites 99 Operating US Reactors 7 Shutdown Reactors 14 SafStore Reactors (shutdown with delayed decommissioning) 19 Reactors scheduled for Decommissioning

Current SNF Storage Locations Spent Fuel Pools at Reactors 78 Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installations (ISFSI) in 34 States (120 year safety) 6 Orphan Sites Single Reactor Unit/Shutdown, staffed by Security and Radiation Protection personnel LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committeeonal 3 Current Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installations LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee

4 Current Operating Nuclear Reactor Locations LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee 5 Proposed SNF Storage Activities Proposed Consolidated Interim Storage Facilities (CISF) NRC predicts Interim Storage necessary for 160 years

UT private CISF currently licensed 2 CISF Applications to US NRC 2016-17 Waste Control Specialists/Andrews, TX Eddy Lea Energy Alliance/Carlsbad-Hobbs, NM LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee 6 Consolidated Interim Storage Facility Applications - TX Waste Control Specialists/Andrews, TX

Current LLW Storage License for 36 states (Class A, B, C) Interim Storage of WIPP TRU waste prior to WIPP restart 4/16 NRC License application for CISF Planned SNF Receipt 2021 Design Above Ground Dry Casks on Concrete Platforms Capacity SNF from 7 Orphan Sites (additional sites following Decommissioning) Status 2017 suspension of NRC license application due to funding considerations (court barred WCS merger with EnergySolutions as both are competing LLW Disposal facilities) LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee

7 Reactor Decommissioning TX/WCS CISF Scope LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee 8 Waste Control Specialist CISF Above Ground - LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee

9 TX/WCS Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Orientation LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee 10 Consolidated Interim Storage Facility Applications - NM Eddy Lea Energy Alliance/Carlsbad-Hobbs, NM

Current WIPP Transuranic Waste Storage/Disposal (13 miles from CISF) 3/17 Holtec/ELEA NRC License Application for CISF Planned SNF Receipt 2022 Design Below Ground Cask Storage (3 above ground, Hi Storm U-Max container capable of receiving any licensed SNF cask design) Capacity All US SNF from 78 ISFSI (initial 500 Units, expansion to 10,000 Units) Status 8/17 NRC request for additional licensing documents (ELEA expects responses to NRC 10/17 & 12/17 will suffice) ELEA Future repackaging SNF for transfer to Yucca Mountain employing 350 LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee

11 Holtec/ELEA CISF Location LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee 12 NM/Eddy-LEA CISF Design Below Ground ELEA and Holtec International Storage Facility for 75,000 Metric Tons Uranium Occupies Land Area of 32 Acres LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee

13 NM/ELEA Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Orientation LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee 14 NRC SNF Transportation Safety Spent Fuel Risk Transportation Risk Assessment NUREG 2125, January 2014 (517 pp.) DOT Highway & Rail Accident Statistics

Transport Accident Scenarios include Worst-Case condition No resulting Radiation Exposure to Public Safety of Spent Fuel Transportation - NUREG/BR-0292, Rev. 2 February 2017 (12 pp. Brochure) These Transport Containers must be able to survive four tests: Impact Puncture Fire Submersion in water. During and after the tests, the Transport Casks must: Contain the Nuclear Material, Limit Radiation Doses to acceptable levels

Prevent a Nuclear Chain Reaction. LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee 15 Transportation of SNF 10CFR71 Current SNF transport activity (NUREG BR-0292, Rev 2) Rail & Highway Frequency: > 1300 Shipments in 40 year history Increased Security Precautions after 9/11 Coordinating with law enforcement agencies before the shipment Requiring advance notice to States, Indian tribes, and the NRC

Using a communications center and other means to monitor shipments while in route Using armed escorts, and Using devices that allow drivers and escorts to immobilize the vehicle LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee 16 Nuclear Waste Disposal History & Status Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal from Commercial Power Reactors Plans 1980 2010

1987 Congress Narrowed Candidate Repository sites to Yucca Mountain Monitored Retrievable Storage Facility (CISF) only when YM construction begins 1998 - Nuclear Waste Policy Act Deadline - Mandated Transfer of SNF to Permanent Geologic Repository Nuclear Waste Fund for Management of the nations Spent Nuclear Fuel Created by 1987 Nuclear Waste Policy Act Nuclear Utility fees to Nuclear Waste Fund for SNF Disposal ( >$30B, 2017) Federal Appeals Court suspends collection of Nuclear Waste Fund fees 11/21/13 LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee

17 Nuclear Waste Disposal History & Status (contd) Status after 2010 2010 - NV Political opposition to Yucca Mountain siting halted DOE SNF Transfer Plans 2014 - Federal Circuit Court of Appeals directed US NRC YM License Consideration 2015 NRC publication of 5 Volume Safety Evaluation Report

2017 - Federal Administration pursuing/funding YM continuation Congressional Focus Senate Interim Storage House of Representatives Yucca Mountain Permanent Repository ($150M FY18) NM/TX CISF License/SNF Receipt possible without YM continuation (SNF Liability) LWVNM Nuclear Waste Storage Committee 18

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