Tango Interactive Today for Education and Training Rice

Tango Interactive Today for Education and Training Rice

Tango Interactive Today for Education and Training Rice Tango Training Houston October 18 1999 Geoffrey Fox Syracuse University NPAC 111 College Place Syracuse NY 13244 4100 3154432163 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 http:/ 1 Abstract of Tango and Training Technology We describe the technology components that are needed to support distance education and training We describe integration of asynchronous and synchronous/interactive learning

We describe role of databases, Java Applets and different authoring packages We describe Role of Tango as delivery vehicle of a model of Webbased Education and Training This model will succeed because it will provide more cost effective and higher quality learning environments Greater use of emerging standards such as XML will improve situation 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 2 Motivation and Structure of Webbased Education and Training 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 3

Challenge and Opportunity in Education and Training Pervasive Communication Infrastructure (The Internet) and powerful new software technologies and concepts Distributed Multimedia information on the Web Web-linked Databases, Distributed Objects Collaborative Systems Can enable education and training with Better curricula New collaborative learning models Different business models for universities and schools Can also change/enable businesses, research, electronic societies Need to implement so that Can take advantage of the evolving web Can be used by all independent of capabilities 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 4

Why use Distance Education and Training? New and rapidly changing Academic Curriculum suggest the use of distance education as it will allow a few experts to deliver instruction to more students and this addresses both The shortage of trained faculty cost of developing new curriculum QUICKLY requires many students (say around 510 times traditional class) to amortize cost Distance Education is technically sound based on web curricula-- both synchronously and asynchronously -- today with very robust clear implementations available over next 2 years Both delivery mechanism and identification of knowledge nuggets (such as Internetics or computational science) that are smaller than a traditional degree suggests different approaches to certification Courses are given, graded etc. by multiple organizations -- University integrate degrees? Similar arguments for distance training with relative importance of synchronous and asynchronous learning differing by customer group 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt

5 Traditional Model of Instruction Common Shared Books and Such Resources Personal Lecture Material Personal Lecture Material Personal Lecture Material Often Low Quality Professors Students

Done separately for each class at each university 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 6 Better Model of Instruction Professor at AVU (AnyTown Virtual University) with team of authoring specialists Common Shared Books Web based Lecture Material and Similar Resources

Classes are given by AVU to students around the state (world) Possible local Students INTERNET Outside Students (dominant clientele) Institutions focussing on particular disciplines, teach a given class to Students from Universities which provide beds and mentors 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 7

Courses at Jackson State Taught using Tango since fall 97 over Internet and defense high performance network DREN twice a week from Syracuse Course material based on Syracuse Senior Undergraduate class CPS406(Web Technologies) and graduate classes CPS615/616/640 (Base Computational science/Internetics) Curricula, Homework, Grading, Facilities done by Syracuse Students get JSU NOT Syracuse Credit Jackson State major HBC University with many computer science graduates Do not compete with base courses but offer addon courses with leading edge material (Web Technology, modern scientific computing) which give JSU (under)graduates skills that are important in their career Job fair employers liked Java Programming! Needs guaranteed 30 (audio) to 100 (video) kilobits per second bandwidth

Use a proxy server or mirror site Actually get around one megabit/sec Syracuse to Jackson State 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 8 Architecture of Tango Distance Education Share URLs Audio Video Conferencing Chat Rooms White Boards etc. JSU Web Server Students View of Curriculum Page

HTTP Java Tango Server . . Participants at JSU NPAC Web Server Address at JSU of Curriculum Page Teachers View of Curriculum Page Java Sockets Java Control Clients

Teacher/Lecturer at NPAC All Curricula placed on the Web 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 9 What is Web-based Collaboration? Collaboration means sharing objects Web-based Collaboration implies use of Web to share distributed objects accessible through the Web Shared Web Pages; Resources accessed through Web Servers or Brokers; Client-side applications with programmatic interfaces Web Site Specify Page Web

Page 02/14/20 Receive Identical Page Web Page Web Page ricetangotodayoct99 htt 10 Sample 1999 Java Academy Certificate 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt

11 The Ingredients of Web Based Education Assess and install the rapidly changing hardware and software technology infrastructure Design of (possibly new as exploiting new possibilities) curricula Authoring of material in curricula Managing the material and students response to it including quizzes, grades and administration Delivery of the material in a mix of self-paced (asynchronous), traditional (synchronous) or collaborative (interactive) Good answers to all these components are pretty clear and these answers will match the evolution of web over next few years The answers are not perfect but they will improve and they are already good enough and can be delivered at a distance 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 12

Role of Collaborative Objects in Education Learning is an example of an activity which can be thought of in terms of objects (digital audio streams when you talk, books, homework, science fair exhibits) worked on alone or together -- either between students or students and teacher digital togetherness is supported by collaboration technology Collaboration can be synchronous as when individuals talk to each other Objects or object properties are shared at same time Or asynchronous when sharing is done at different times I post a web page and you look at it later is a basic asynchronous sharing model while writing on a blackboard is hallowed synchronous model in teaching All objects can be thought of as web pages as these are rendering of a server side object e.g. web page form elements specify data base access or CGI Script 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt

13 Shared Multiple List Shared Buttons Shared Text field Shared Checkbox Shared Form Illustrated by Shared Access to NCSA Biology Workbench showing how general server shared fromhttweb interface 02/14/20 objects can be ricetangotodayoct99 14 Universal Shared Object Strategy Assume teachers, students, engineers, shoppers, salespersons, families teach, learn, collaborate, buy, sell, socialize via electronic versions of traditional human interactions combined with

shared objects expressed in XML and rendered as web pages Most sharing is asynchronous and one usually wishes to share synchronously same material that one accesses asynchronously objects can be (electronic) text books, aircraft designs and simulations, expensive jewelry or photos of grandchildren Only shared event model (used in Tango) of sharing (collaboration) is capable of necessary efficiency and customization to each user 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 15 Lets Use Tango 02/14/20

ricetangotodayoct99 htt 16 So what do we have now--TangoInteractive http://www.npac.syr.edu/tango Largely Java system enabling collaboration between general client side objects If client side object is a Server proxy, then this ruse enables sharing of server side objects Has API for Java applet/application, C++, JavaScript API Enables sharing of events in applications This is just a fancy way of saying it forwards messages API Enables applications to find out about participants Currently ONLY deployed for Netscape version 4.05 and above as uses LiveConnect to connect JavaScript to Java Internet Explorer version not fully debugged Tango 2.0 is about as good as you can do with current web Tango 1.4 less flashy but production quality 02/14/20

ricetangotodayoct99 htt 17 The current Capabilities of Tango -I Tango supports a synchronous shared event model of collaboration Tango supports (more than) enough (over 40) applications Core Collaboration Capabilities Audio-Video Conferencing multicast between room participants Text chat rooms with various tradeoffs between coolness, ease of use etc. Shared Browser (Synchronized view of Web Pages) Shared Web Search (becomes shared database query) Slide Show White Board Shared Audio and Video Players (Java Applets and link to video on demand database)

02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 18 Capabilities of Tango -II Databases Linkage JDBC Link to WebWisdom Database Lotus Notes Link to Asynchronous Collaboration (Abandoned) Office and Authoring Tools PowerPoint via shared display or shared Java viewer Microsoft Excel using NetMeeting Microsoft Word shared visual C++ etc. Disappointing Use Combined Whiteboard / Java object based PowerPoint like authoring system Shared emacs editor -- shared programming

02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 19 The current Capabilities of Tango -III General Virtual University Applications Current WebWisdom hierarchical database system navigating through 35,000 foils and 750 foilsets Raise Hands Applet to help teacher-student synchronous interaction Special Virtual University Applications Shared Java applets to teach physics (spring, planets, vector cross product) Shared visible human illustrates biology teaching Shared Java Applets used to teach Java! Used Shared SmartDesk system aimed at activities useful in specialNot education with built in assessment

Untested Quiz and Glossary Support 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 20 Shared Simulations -- Fluid Flow and Planetary Motion 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 21 JavaScript Shared Browser with Dynamic HTML -- Pure Client Event DHTML Heartbeat recording shared events in last 60 seconds on application

specific bar which is locked above all windows -- addresses window clutter Shared Pointer added to Internet Assistant PowerPoint on the Web Illustrates sharing of W3C Object Model internal to documents More Powerful than Java Shared Browser but currently less reliable Partly as software newer and Partly as DHTML Browser support fragile 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 22

The current Capabilities of Tango -IV Have some fun with Multi-player games VRML Chess JavaScript Card Games and Internet Snap Java Othello and Rubics Cube snakes and ladders and could develop a bunch of similar grid games Other Applications TANGOsim command and control system with shared tools (e.g. Obsolete mapping, weather) to use in scripted crisis management There is a very good shared mapper which is a Java whiteboard supporting map backends and general shared drawing Shared Visualization available for test 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 23

Architecture and Features of Tango 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 24 Versions of Tango Currently most use is of Tango 1.4 which gets s series of minor releases so that now you download Tango 1.4.2.1 This is evolution of first generally useable version of Tango which was released July98 Available for Experimentation is Tango 2 which has important but evolutionary changes Tango2 will become production version over next 4 months There will a set of features (such as support of Internet Explorer) slated for Tango 2.1 which could be released in January 2000 We have a version MicroTango (really an application change -- not a system change) which is aimed at supporting Palmtop devices

We are designing/prototyping a radically new version Tango5 built around XML Shared Portals with early prototype January 2000 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 25 TANGO Interactive version 1.4 TANGO 1.4 requires browser plug-in Compatible with Netscape Communicator 4.06+ and 4.5, 4.61 not compatible with earlier Netscape versions (3.0+) and not compatible with MS Internet Explorer TANGO 1 uses LiveConnect and plug-in architecture. Both these technologies are available for Internet Explorer, but MS implementation of LiveConnect is not fully compatible. IE version of TI exists but is currently not available for public use supported platforms: Windows95/98/NT/2000, IRIX, Solaris, Linux The package has been tested for ~15 months

02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 26 TANGO Interactive version 1.4 Supported browsers: all Netscape 4 versions up to Communicator 4.61 (not v. 4.6 as serious bugs in browser!) supports Netscape 4 security model digitally signed plug-in Java classes Communicator version explicitly requires access to privileged operations users consent necessary for TANGO to run consent needed only once per session 02/14/20

ricetangotodayoct99 htt 27 TangoInteractive System Architecture Client Client N: Netscape Browser LD: Local Daemon CA: Control Application AP: Applet LA: Local Application Collaboration Server CS: Tango Java Server Object/Content DB: Collaboration

Server Database (XML now) HTTP: Web Server 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt / Object Broker 28 TANGO Architecture: Components Local Daemons main tasks: maintaining two-way communication between user applications, applets and central server launching local applications passing messages between applications running on the same node providing certain system level functionality not normally

available to Java applets, such as file access or printing The daemon is implemented as a plug-in to Web browsers. The daemon is the only operating system dependent core part of TANGO. 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 29 Typical Client Architecture Socket Connections Java Tango of Tango Server Netscape Browser Tango

Daemon Tango CA Shared Java/C++/.. Application Other Collaborating Clients Shared JavaScript/ Web Page Shared Applet 1 Client Side Bus Netscapes LiveConnect Shared Applet 2

02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 30 TANGO Architecture: Components Central Server is the main communication element. Local daemons communicate with the central server Server maintains the system state data Server routes messages between applications participating in each session All application protocols are opaque to the server Currently, TANGO users are restricted to only one collaboratory server at any given time Server switch somewhat clumsy TANGO server is extremely stable and maintenance-free No administrative interface 02/14/20

ricetangotodayoct99 htt 31 TANGO Architecture: Components Java applets User applications written in Java, downloaded from an HTTP server, and executed in browser environment Communication between Java applets and central server is also maintained by the local daemons. Java applets communicate with local daemon by calling its method functions Local Applications: User applications which run as standalone programs are called local applications. Local application may be written in any programming language Communicate with the local daemon using sockets. The daemon is responsible for starting these applications and routing messages to and from applications

02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 32 Implementation Details Daemon provides a mechanism for TANGO components such as Java applets, central server, JavaScript scripts etc. to talk to each other. TANGO daemon has been implemented as a plug-in. Using LiveConnect mechanisms, each applet residing in the same page with the plug-in may obtain its handle. Message passing between plug-in and an applet is achieved by calling appropriate methods of each other

02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 33 TANGO Architecture: Components Session Manager provides TANGO GUI Provides uniform application session and floor control for all TANGO applications Launches applications locally or remotely, creates and connects to existing sessions, exits applications, logs into the system, etc. Routes messages between applications on the same node Monitors integrity of the distributed system User interface to the control application auto-adjusts to the operating system SM communicates with the system via LD The communication between control application and local daemon is different than in the case of standard Java applets since control application can also generate system messages

02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 34 Events (Messages) and Data Since TANGO uses central server architecture, there are system scalability concerns. System makes careful distinction between event and data distribution pathways events are always distributed via collaboratory server data may be distributed via collaboratory server for thin data streams voluminous data are either distributed directly between application instances or delivered from HTTP or other servers peer-to-peer application data exchange may use multicast if necessary certain TANGO applications are therefore implemented as Web browsers for specialized data types (e.g., GIS Open Inventor Web browser)

02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 35 TANGO Architecture: Media Streams For scaleability reasons, the real time multimedia streams are not sent via central server. Instead, we use a distributed architecture The architecture supports multicast. Session control remains with the TANGO session manager. TANGO VTC supports stream recording, storage, and retrieval

02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 36 Application Protocols A blueprint for a truly successful collaboratory system does not exist. Hence: Need an extensible system with very few limitations. System must not define application specific protocols, application programming language, or limit in whatever way functionality of collaboratory applications The essence of each collaboratory function must be defined by application and by application only TANGO does not define any application protocols 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt

37 Session Management A session is a group of application instances currently working together in the collaborative mode. All (and only) applications belonging to the same session exchange information and may share behavior. How particular application operates in collaborative mode depends on this application characteristics. In all sessions there is one master user. Master of the session has special privileges of controlling access of other users to this session and/or controlling the application behavior. The privileges depend on the application type. 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 38

Session Management Master status is dynamically transferable. Floor control allows for both master-master and master-slave relationship Interpretation of this (e.g. ignore it) left to application-- Tango just sets a flag TANGO does not restrict the number of concurrent sessions. There may be multiple independent sessions of applications of the same type. Messages from one application compatible with application of another type will be distributed transparently. NOTE: current model confuses floor control and session ownership. It will be replaced by two distinct mechanisms in version 2.1 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 39 Session Management Functions Currently supported operations:

Local open Remote open (opens an instance on remote machine) Global and limited remote open (open an instance on a group of machines) Session join Local close/leave Remote close, including global remote close Acquire and grant session master status SM implements intelligent interface SM supports different privacy models on the global and per application basis 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 40 Application Developers View For each supported mode C++

Java Applet or Application JavaScript You can communicate between linked clients to preserve state master sends state changes to nonmasters You can find out list of participants Who is master etc. You are notified when participants change 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 41 What About Tango 2 Significant but evolutionary improvement to Tango 1.4 Too a lot longer than expected and still in beta stage production use is Tango 1.4 Capability TI 1.4

Core tools (BV, SB, WBD, Chat, etc.) + Shared dynamic HTML support + Shared Document Object Model + Shared Java applets + Shared Java in pages Shared JavaBeans SWING-based interface User authentication Personal Identity Module - 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt TI 2.0 +

+ + + + + + + + 42 Tango 1.4 Compared to Tango 2 Capability TI 1.4 Server licensing File repositories Fully-integrated e-mail support Listserv Support Awareness service (like AIM) Site-configurable/customizable interface + Internet Explorer support

Out-of-browser implementation Shared visualization Shared compute engine + Shared web-linked database + 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt TI 2.0 + T2.1 + T2.1 + + T2.1 T2.1 T2.1 +

+ 43 Applications of Tango 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 44 Applications of Web-based Collaboration Multi Player Games: Use Chat Rooms and digital VTC to establish context Share Java, JavaScript, VRML etc. games Tango has Card Games, Othello, Chess, Snakes and Ladders Crisis Management: Again use general tools (including whiteboard) and add shared maps and multimedia situation reports Command and Control: Military, Test and Evaluation -- any real time control of complex system support distributed experts who can be on call remotely and shared object is visualization of test results

Collaborative Computing and Engineering: Here specialized shared objects are CAD, simulation and planning tools UpScale Web Commerce Sites with people available to help shoppers and lecture on demand Socializing .. 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 45 Electronic ElectronicCommunities Communities 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 46

CRISIS MANAGEMENT Crisis Management 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 47 Play Games 02/14/20 PLAY GAMES ricetangotodayoct99 htt 48

Front End: Java Applet. CORBA client Results put in Shared Browser Collaborative Earthquake Portal Middle Tier: distributed objects implemented in Java. CORBA servers Iterate Prepare Data Generate disloc input disloc proxy

disloc proxy disloc2simplex proxy simplex proxy Post Process Back End: computing 02/14/20 resources disloc disloc2simplex code written in C script written ricetangotodayoct99 htt in perl

compare simplex code written in C 49 Collaborative Post Earthquake Analysis 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 50 Real Time Synchronous Collaborative Visualization with SV2 SV2-Server : Receiving and multi-casting the data, it contains two computation engines: geometry and filter engines.Simulator provides real time data to SV2-server. SV2-Client : It consists two parts, a client Manager and a Data Viewer. Data Viewer is implemented using JDK1.2 and Java3D API

Large Data sets and Control messages are separated (through SV2 Server and Tango respectively) Substantial computing is needed on SV2-Server . This computing time is critical to the response time of the whole system. Critical Server portions written in C++. Rest of System Java Usually simulator is written in Fortran/C/C++ instead of Java.In SV2, we provide C API for simulator to pass Data to SV2-Server 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 51 Data Viewer 1 Data Viewer 2 Client Data Viewer 1 Manager Data Viewer 2 Client Manager

Control message Tango Data SV2 Server Simulator SV2 Collaborative Visualization Architecture 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 52 SV2 Sample Screen/Window Dumps 02/14/20

ricetangotodayoct99 htt 53 Basic Strategy for Using Tango 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 54 Learning and Teaching the Curricula I So the students need to learn the material and they may need some sort of help from a teacher or mentor In self paced or asynchronous learning, student studies material in his or her own time and essence of this is a web site which may of course be generated from a back-end web-linked database optimal for highly motivated mature students such as those in continuing education

electronic version of using a library In synchronous learning, teacher selects material from website and delivers it in electronic virtual class rooms Homework is set from same website which remains a base asynchronous resource Natural when teachers insight delivers motivation and clarification of key material to student electronic version of traditional classes 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 55 Learning and Teaching the Curricula II In collaborative learning, teachers, assistants, students and the web resource interact in an electronic collaboration system Seems particularly valuable in K-12 arena Also natural model for collaborative research Note systems like Lotus Notes are just web-linked object brokers from this point

of view (and again should be avoided as not built around modern object models) All approaches use basic asynchronous tools such as electronic mail, bulletin boards and searchable repositories Can record synchronous sessions for later asynchronous replay One need not chose any one approach as can support all of them with a (preferably database back ended) web site linked to a suite of collaboration tools Note just as we can link asynchronous--synchronous--collaborative, we can also link education and training Note modular educational objects naturally support smaller units of achievement certificates 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 56 What does Tango Interactive Provide? Overall Management of a lecture viewed as part of a learning environment built around a Web Resource

Audio/Video Conferencing Chat Rooms and electronic mail for synchronous and asynchronous messages Shared Web Pages which can come from a database Whiteboard for communicating visual material Shared Java applets which can be embedded in web pages to allow interactive lesson components API to interface specialized resources -- Planning Tools, GIS Systems, CAD, Visualization .. -- not necessary for training? 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 57 So what do you do I? Author Curriculum using NO specialized systems or systems like WebCT that produce HTML or preferably XML Use pure (D)HTML, PowerPoint with Java applets for necessary

interactive components Or put in database, (XML) file and map into above For Java, interface to Tango API for sharing or automate with TangoBean A Single Scrolled HTML Page is all you need Internet Export of PowerPoint is all you need .. Add pointers and other such WebWisdom helpful DHTML capabilities (we can provide a filter) HTML Pages can be screenfuls (best?) or scrolled Put material on Web Server or CDROM; intersperse with other asynchronous resources 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 58 So what do you do II? Give your students URL of system If desired use registration database Set up necessary infrastructure with collection of individual machines and/or

class rooms (PCs are best) teacher should/could have multiple machines to provide less cluttered display In a class room, establish proxy server and central machine for audio/video conferencing Note Tango is useful just in a classroom as each student gets a better quality display than many central displays Test system for Correct installation of multimedia Quality of Service Decide on applications e.g. multiple chat rooms (teacher--students, chitchat, support) and their control 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 59 Design and Architecture of Curricula Material So the architecture is that of a set of web accessible distributed

objects which are designed to be as modular as possible Natural size of basic educational object is about a screenfull Initial design will be traditional -- include Bunch of foils (electronic presentation) Bunch of HTML pages (electronic book) Bunch of multimedia dazzle (todays educational CDROMs) The merger of above -- dynamic HTML and Java 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 60 4 Approaches to Authoring of Back End Resource I In order of increasing sophistication; cost; preparation time and presumably also in increasing learning value Note Low-end can be best solution in a case where curricula material is changing rapidly

Note Open University in England (best known distance education organization uses high-end asynchronous material and for this reason cannot quickly switch to Java for introductory CS course) "Low-end" typified by simple HTML and PowerPoint. Of course hand written notes and postscript are even less sophisticated but these are getting less important. "Enhanced Low-end" typified by audio or video over web pages. Not clear how editing is possible/desirable This can be viewed as a pragmatic way of capturing details from the busy lecturer who does not have the time to carefully prepare a more sophisticated resource. NPAC LecCorder technology institutionalizes this 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 61 4 Approaches to Authoring of Back End Resource II

"Medium End" such as WebCT, Campus product from Blackboard LLC (mainly administrative, modest authoring), or Cornell Virtual Workshop where one provides knowledge at different levels of detail, glossaries, quizzes and dynamic instructional nuggets. Traditional High End" such as the classic Multimedia CDROM ( or its web equivalent) prepared by sophisticated authoring tools such as Macromedia Director and with possibly professionally produced videos. These will move towards Web Standards using Web Video, Java plus Dynamic HTML and W3C based XML and DOM specification Note clear to me if authoring of educational material will differ from that of ordinary documents cf building education portals on top of enterprise portals 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 62 Whats wrong with Java Clients? There is no argument about Java the programming language -- there are

some issues about Java the user interface builder First there are the battles between Sun Netscape and Microsoft which makes Java on the client less robust than Java on the server However Java allows to build totally general users interfaces and there appear to be no rules and nothing equivalent to style sheets in HTML/XML. Thus it does not seem practical to build cross disability and cross rendering device interfaces for arbitrary Java applet interfaces On the other JavaScript and dynamic HTML can do many things that you might have thought one needed Java for General Java visual interfaces need languages such as UML to describe interface object model? 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 63 What Else do you need for Web-Based

Education? 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 64 The Virtual University I Motivated either by decreased cost or increased quality of learning environment Will succeed due to market pressures (it will offer the best product) Is technologically possible today and can only get better Main problem is pervasive Quality of Service for digital audio and video In structured settings like briefings, lectures etc., support is easier as at fixed times and digital video of secondary importance Brainstorming and general collaboration technically harder

02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 65 The Virtual University II Centers of Excellence (Hermits Cave Virtual University) is natural entity to produce and deliver classes Today 1 faculty delivers 2 courses a semester -- each to say 25 students Instead 3 faculty collaborate on 1 course and deliver to some 200 students -- perhaps in multiple sessions (200 students required to fund quality curricula and 200 students requires distance education except in a few classes) University acts as an integrator putting together a set of classes where it may only teach some 20% but acts as a mentor to all Important issues as to certification and natural unit of instruction (smaller than typical degree)

02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 66 Managing the Curricula I So as we have stored all our material in a database, managing it is equivalent to building an administrative support system for the database Administrative system is built in usual way as business logic Javabean middleware running on a server and accessed from some web client Web export from database should support Educoms IMS standard for metadata to allow convenient webwide searches of repositories One needs special modules that accommodate PAPI or Personal and Performance Information Submission of homework of diverse nature Laboratories including both programming and science labs

Producing composite lectures from collections of base educational objects (re-use) More research needed on assessment tools 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 67 Managing the Curricula II One needs database technology for Storing raw curricula material with facilities to re-use, edit, produce summaries, re-order etc. WebWisdomDB Archiving multimedia learning sessions LecCorder Managing the students PAPI: grades, homework and personal data -- NPAC Grading Database As discussed under Portals, Blackboard is a strong commercial system One needs web-linked seamless computing to support programming assignments

Using older NPAC VPL written in JavaScript to allow web access to computer cluster for HPF and MPI (DoD Gateway activity should produce better technology) These capabilities are part of effort in Portals for Education and Computing .. 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 68 LecCorder Lecture Recorder Database must archive lessons with LINKED curricula material and multimedia delivery LecCorder is integrated hardware & software system and will record live trainings or digitize taped events & publish on web quickly and easily as foils over audio/video Minimal human intervention Java viewer Good start but Incomplete -- need

video server back-end for random access & search capabilities Converter for Real Audio/Video format Integration with WebWisdomDB courseware database system Support for Pointer events Note MPEG, H263, Real Video versions.. 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 69 Current NPAC Grading Database used to register Syracuse and Online Courses Buy Blackboard if you can afford it! 02/14/20

ricetangotodayoct99 htt 70 Tango Status / Futures ? Tango 2 is about as good as you can do with current browsers When W3C DOM fully supported and XML is well established, we can evolve Tango and Shared Browser to provide richer interactive shared Web Pages Universal Access for different devices (Fully capable and impaired users) from PalmTops to PCs Greater use of XML Web components to customize sharing of Web Page components and specify dynamically and flexibly sharing policy Integration of asynchronous and Synchronous messaging Services (Tango drivers Pager) Integration of Tango and Database backends to provide Portals to Education 02/14/20

ricetangotodayoct99 htt 71 New Enterprise Models for Universities? Distance Education is technically sound -- both synchronously and asynchronously -- today with very robust clear implementations available over next 2 years Separate teaching mentoring and dormitory role of University Teaching and grading naturally performed by centers of excellence which need at least an order of magnitude more customers than a single faculty in order to be able to justify investment in course preparation and maintenance Continuing Education of growing importance and natural area to attack first -- corporate training is serious competition here and commercial deliverers have advantage? Not obvious that will save large amounts of money as students will need more not less mentoring in today's information-overrich world -- quality of educational experience will become more uniform and better 02/14/20

ricetangotodayoct99 htt 72 Where are we in Distance Education? We are meant to be short of employees trained in many important areas -- in particular computer science Syracuse has a few good course but Courses are incomplete and hard to keep up to date.. Nationally there is a complete set of excellent courses but most universities cannot offer quality complete program Technology for distance education is proven in concept and improving in robustness and functionality Networks are increasing in bandwidth This will lead to much better learning environments and total happiness for students .. There is one minor problem! Existing University Infrastructure and K-12 Establishments will oppose this

They will accept my courses if given as Syracuse University but not if done through www.webwisdom.org 02/14/20 ricetangotodayoct99 htt 73

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    Cervical Spinal Precautions. For a healthcare provider with suspecting a C-spine injury: jaw thrust without head tilt. Use a head tilt- chin lift maneuver if the jaw thrust does not open the airway. a lay rescuer uses a head tilt-chinlift...
  • Università degli Studi di Ferrara Facoltà di Economia - Anno ...

    Università degli Studi di Ferrara Facoltà di Economia - Anno ...

    Delle Risorse Naturali e Culturali dell'Università di Ferrara, sarà in futuro accessibile in ingresso ed in uscita da parte dei diversi attori coinvolti nel progetto GRAZIE per L'Attenzione "Nella mia vita ci sono solchi che nessuno più cancellerà; nella foresta...