M I.1 Essentials of adaptation to climate change

M I.1 Essentials of adaptation to climate change

National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Country-level training Module I.1 The essentials of adaptation Trainer: [Name] In cooperation with Slide 1 Concept of the NAP training - I Objectives Improve understanding and raise awareness for NAP process Strengthen the capacities of country teams to realize key NAP tasks Familiarize with NAP elements, guidelines, support channels and links to other national processes

Slide 2 Concept of the NAP training - II Method / Approach Interactive adult learning approach: Harvard Case Method Emphasis on case work/exercise in groups Modular training along NAP Technical Guidelines Tailored to national context Slide 3 Overview of this module Climate change: a serious risk for development Adaptation a definition Adaptation options Fine, but is it really adaptation?

Adaptation from an economic point of view Challenges in adaptation planning Slide 4 What can you expect to learn from this session? Ensure common understanding regarding basics of climate change and adaptation Analyze inter-linkages between adaptation and development Reflect challenges and benefits of adaptation Slide 5 Climate change: a serious risk for development 02/29/2020 Slide 6

Climate change: a serious risk for development 02/29/2020 Slide 7 Adaptation to climate change: a definition Adaptation vs. mitigation Human-driven adjustments in ecological, social or economic systems or policy processes, in response to actual or expected climate stimuli and their effects or impacts (Definition by the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, LEG) actual or expected Reactive component: adapting to current climate Proactive/preventive component: being prepared for coming events adjustments in ecological, social or economic systems or policy processes Adaptation related to various dimensions complex challenge Result of an iterative process Slide 8

Adaptation options - I Policy Examples: Adjust development plans; improve regulations; mainstream adaptation; adjust incentive systems; participation of affected communities No-/low-regret options Examples: Avoid building in high risk areas; soil conservation Technical solutions Examples: Dyke construction; efficient irrigation systems Slide 9 Adaptation options - II Research Examples: Regional climate models; climate-resilient breeds/species Capacity development

Examples: Train technical staff in ministries in interpreting climate data; improve management skills Slide 10 Fine, but is it really adaptation? New and additional: important criterion for the allocation of adaptation finance Adaptation measures are part of a continuum: Development as usual, not considering climate change Specifically climate-change related activities

Difference between adaptation and development as usual is more in defining the problem and strategies Both may complement each other, but also act against one another Necessity to integrate adaptation into development planning Slide 11 Example: Business-as-usual irrigation project Business-as-usual (BAU) With climate change 1) Design, construction & operation of surface water system Climate-resilient design, construction & operation 2) Technical support to farmers

Technical support to farmers on climate change 3) Support for institutional development and capacity building Support for institutional development and capacity building specifically concerning climate change adaptation BAU development cost Additional adaptation cost (LDCF) Slide 12 Adaptation from an economic point of view:

Timely measures can help to save cost Deep sea port (Dominica) Infrastructure Original project cost (in US$) Cost of post-disaster reconstruction Cost of risk management as % of original construction cost Cost of risk management as % of reconstruction cost Norman Manley Law School

(Jamaica) Troumass Grand e Bridge Palazzo (St. Lucia) Hotel (St. Thomas) 57,000,000 685,000 185,000 28,000,000 2,310,000 28,800

32,000 5,308,000 11.5% 1.9% 10.8% 0.1% 28.0% 45.0% 62.4%

0.5% RMNH Risk management of natural hazards Source: adapted from Bettencourt et al. 2006 Slide 13 Challenges in adaptation planning Political/institutional issues Economic / financial issues Social issues Technical issues Are politicians willing to promote adaptation? Are administrations willing

and able to implement adaptation measures? Is it possible to provide the funds required for effective adaptation? How does adaptation interfere with economic goals? Is there a broad consensus about the need to adapt? Can citizens be adequately involved in adaptation planning and implementation? Are proven technologies for adaptation known and accessible? Slide 14 Exercise: Challenges for effective adaptation processes in your country Which of the four mentioned challenges of adaptation is especially dominant in the concrete context in your country: Political/institutional issues

Economic / financial issues Social issues Technical issues Each corner of the room represents one of the four categories. You should go into that corner that best reflects your opinion. The moderator will arrange a discussion among the four groups and invite you to justify your choice. Slide 15 Imprint This presentation is part of a NAP country-level training that has been developed by GIZ on behalf of BMZ and in cooperation with the NAP Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP), in particular UNDP and UNITAR. The training is designed to support countries in setting up a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process. It builds on the NAP Technical Guidelines developed by the LeastDeveloped Countries Expert Group (LEG). You are welcome to use the slides, as long as you do not

alter its content or design (including the logos), nor this imprint. If you have any questions regarding the training, please contact Till Below or Nele Bnner at GIZ. For questions related to the Technical Guidelines, please refer to the UNFCCCs NAP Support Portal. Published by Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Climate Policy Support Project Dag-Hammarskjld-Weg 1-5 65760 Eschborn, Germany T +49 61 96 79-0 F +49 61 96 79-1115 Contact E [email protected] I www.giz.de/climate Responsible Nele Bnner, GIZ

Authors Nele Bnner, Annette Lutz Contributions by Stefanie Dmig As a federally owned enterprise, the Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH supports the German Government in achieving its objectives in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development. GIZ also engages in human resource development, advanced training and dialogue. Slide 16

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