Lecture Notes - gcit.enschool.org

Lecture Notes - gcit.enschool.org

Lecture Notes A PowerPoint Presentation Classroom Activity to Accompany Medical Terminology Systems, Seventh Edition Barbara A. Gylys Mary Ellen Wedding 2 Suffixes

2 SUFFIXES Suffix Word element placed at the end of a word Changes the meaning of a medical word Used to denote singular and plural forms of a word Used to denote a part of speech 2

2 SUFFIXES Linking a Suffix Word root (WR) links a suffix that begins with a vowel. Example: gastr/itis Combining form (CF) links a suffix that begins with a consonant. Example: gastr/o/scopy

3 2 SUFFIXES Major Types of Suffixes Surgical Diagnostic, pathological, and related Grammatical and diminutive Singular and plural

4 2 SUFFIXES Surgical Suffixes Describe a type of invasive procedure performed on a body part append/ectomy arthr/o/centesis lith/o/tripsy

5 2 SUFFIXES Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise 1. excision, removal: 2. surgical puncture: 3. crushing: 4. separation; destruction; loosening: 6

2 SUFFIXES Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise 1. excision, removal: -ectomy 2. surgical puncture: -centesis 3. crushing: -tripsy 4. separation; destruction; loosening: -lysis 7 2

SUFFIXES Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise 5. to break; surgical fracture: 6. fixation (of an organ): 7. suture: 8. surgical repair: 8 2 SUFFIXES

Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise 5. to break; surgical fracture: -clasis 6. fixation (of an organ): -pexy 7. suture: -rrhaphy 8. surgical repair: -plasty 9 2 SUFFIXES Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise 9. forming an opening (mouth):

10. binding, fixation (of a bone or joint): 11. instrument to cut: 12. incision: 10 2 SUFFIXES Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise 9. forming an opening (mouth): -stomy 10. binding, fixation (of a bone or joint): desis 11. instrument to cut: -tome

12. incision: -tomy 11 2 SUFFIXES Diagnostic and Pathological Suffixes Diagnostic suffixes Denote a procedure or test performed to identify the cause and nature of an illness

electr/o/cardio/gram (ECG) gastr/o/scopy 12 2 SUFFIXES Identify the Diagnostic Suffix Exercise 1. instrument for examining: 2. visual examination: 3. instrument for recording:

4. process of recording: 13 2 SUFFIXES Identify the Diagnostic Suffix Exercise 1. instrument for examining: -scope 2. visual examination: -scopy 3. instrument for recording: -graph 4. process of recording: -graphy 14

2 SUFFIXES Identify the Diagnostic Suffix Exercise 5. instrument for measuring: 6. act of measuring: 7. record, writing: 15 2

SUFFIXES Identify the Diagnostic Suffix Exercise 5. instrument for measuring: -meter 6. act of measuring: -metry 7. record, writing: -gram 16 2 SUFFIXES

Diagnostic and Pathological Suffixes (continued) Pathological suffixes Describe an abnormal condition or a disease neur/algia gastr/itis hem/o/rrhage 17 2

SUFFIXES Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise 1. pain: 2. formation, growth: 3. forming, producing, origin: 4. bursting forth (of): 18 2 SUFFIXES

Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise 1. pain: -algia, -dynia 2. formation, growth: -plasia, -plasm 3. forming, producing, origin: -gen, -genesis 4. bursting forth (of): -rrhage, -rrhagia 19 2 SUFFIXES Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise

5. swelling: 6. hernia, swelling: 7. stone, calculus: 8. abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells): 20 2 SUFFIXES Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise 5. swelling: -edema

6. hernia, swelling: -cele 7. stone, calculus: -lith 8. abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells): -osis 21 2 SUFFIXES Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise 9. involuntary contraction, twitching: 10. narrowing, stricture:

11. discharge, flow: 12. disease: 22 2 SUFFIXES Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise 9. involuntary contraction, twitching: -spasm 10. narrowing, stricture: -stenosis 11. discharge, flow: -rrhea 12. disease: -pathy

23 2 SUFFIXES Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise 13. inflammation: 14. tumor: 15. rupture: 16. paralysis: 24

2 SUFFIXES Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise 13. inflammation: -itis 14. tumor: -oma 15. rupture: -rrhexis 16. paralysis: -plegia 25 2

SUFFIXES Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise 17. dilation, expansion: 18. vomiting: 19. blood condition: 20. abnormal condition (produced by something specified): 26 2 SUFFIXES

Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise 17. dilation, expansion: -ectasis 18. vomiting: -emesis 19. blood condition: -emia 20. abnormal condition (produced by something specified): -iasis 27 2 SUFFIXES

Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes Grammatical suffixes Attached to word roots to form parts of speech, such as adjectives and nouns gastr/ic (adjective) neur/al (adjective) obstetr/ician (noun) pneumon/ia (noun) 28 2

SUFFIXES Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes (continued) Diminutive suffixes Denote a smaller version of a word tub/ule (small, minute) arteri/ole (small, minute) 29 2

SUFFIXES Define Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes Exercise 1. Adjective suffixes ac, al, -ar, -ary, -ic, -ile, and ous mean: 2. Noun suffixes esis, -ia, and ism mean: 3. Noun suffixes ician and ist mean: 30 2

SUFFIXES Define Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes Exercise 1. Adjective suffixes ac, al, -ar, -ary, -ic, -ile, and ous mean: pertaining to 2. Noun suffixes esis, -ia, and ism mean: condition 3. Noun suffixes ician and ist mean: specialist 31

2 SUFFIXES Define Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes Exercise 4. Noun suffix iatry means: 5. Diminutive suffixes icle, -ole, and ule mean: 32 2

SUFFIXES Define Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes Exercise 4. Noun suffix iatry means: medicine; treatment 5. Diminutive suffixes icle, -ole, and ule mean: small, minute 33 2

SUFFIXES Singular and Plural Suffixes Changes when a word is modified from a singular to a plural form diagno/sis to diagno/ses bronch/us to bron/chi deform/ity to deformi/ities 34 2

SUFFIXES Singular and Plural Terms Exercise Change the following terms to their plural form. 1.thrombus: 2.ovum: 3.fungus: 4.diagnosis: 35 2

SUFFIXES Singular and Plural Terms Exercise 1. thrombus: thrombi 2. ovum: ova 3. fungus: fungi 4. diagnosis: diagnoses 36 2 SUFFIXES

Complete the Medical Word Exercise 1. crushing of a stone: lith/o/ 2. forming a new opening (mouth) in the colon: colon/o/ 3. excision, removal of the appendix: / 37 2 SUFFIXES

Complete the Medical Word Exercise 1. crushing of a stone: lith/o/tripsy 2. forming a new opening (mouth) in the colon: colon/o/stomy 3. excision, removal of the appendix: append/ ectomy 38 2 SUFFIXES

Complete the Medical Word Exercise 4. disease of the joint(s): arthr/ / 5. instrument to examine a joint: /o/ 6. inflammation of the stomach: 7. surgical puncture of a joint: / /o/ 39

2 SUFFIXES Complete the Medical Word Exercise 4. disease of the joint(s): arthr/o/pathy 5. instrument to examine a joint: arthr/o/scope 6. inflammation of the stomach: gastr/itis 7. surgical puncture of a joint: arthr/o/centesis 40 2

SUFFIXES Complete the Medical Word Exercise 8. suture of muscle(s): my/o/ 9. binding, fixation (of a joint): arthr/o/ 10. forming an opening (mouth) into the trachea: /o/ 41 2

SUFFIXES Complete the Medical Word Exercise 8. suture of muscle(s): my/o/rrhaphy 9. binding, fixation (of a joint): arthr/o/desis 10. forming an opening (mouth) into the trachea: trache/o/stomy 42 2

SUFFIXES Complete the Medical Word Exercise 11. instrument for recording the heart: cardi/o/ 12. record of electrical activity of the heart: electr/o/cardi/ / 13. pain of a nerve: / 43

2 SUFFIXES Complete the Medical Word Exercise 11. instrument for recording the heart: cardi/o/graph 12. record of electrical activity of the heart: electr/o/cardi/o/gram 13. pain of a nerve: neur/algia 44

2 SUFFIXES Complete the Medical Word Exercise 14. forming, producing, origin of cancer: carcin/ / 15. softening of bone: oste/o/ 16. abnormal condition of stones: / 45

2 SUFFIXES Complete the Medical Word Exercise 14. forming, producing, origin of cancer: carcin/o/gen or carcin/o/genesis 15. softening of bone: oste/o/malacia 16. abnormal condition of stones: lith/iasis 46 2

SUFFIXES Complete the Medical Word Exercise 17. hernia, swelling of the liver: hepat/ / 18. swelling of a lymph gland: lymph/ 19. tumor composed of lymph tissue: lymph/ 20. bursting forth (of) blood: hem/o/ 47 2

SUFFIXES Complete the Medical Word Exercise 17. hernia, swelling of the liver: hepat/o/cele 18. swelling of a lymph gland: lymph/edema 19. tumor composed of lymph tissue: lymph/oma 20. bursting forth (of) blood: hem/o/rrhage 48 Copyright 2013 by F.A. Davis Company. All rights

reserved. This product is protected by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any meanselectronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwisewithout written permission from the publisher. 49

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