Introductory Paragraph

Introductory Paragraph

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Pronouns A pronoun is the part of speech that substitutes for nouns or noun phrases and designates persons or things asked for: It can take the place of a subject word (subject pronoun) I, you, he, she, it, we, they It can take the place of an object word (object pronoun) me, you, him, her, it, us, them) It can take the place of a possessive word (possessive pronoun) my, mine, your, yours, his, hers, its, our, ours,

their, theirs) Pronouns Pro noun for a noun

NOUN For the Noun (Pronoun) Kathy she . . . her Morgan he . . . him Toni and Nancy they . . . them Either Jane or Jennifer she . . . her Gaza University it . . . its The staff they . . . them Each student he or she his or her Everyone he or she his or her Paper

it . . . its Papers it . . . its Know the difference between these singular and plural pronouns. Singular He, she, it Him, her, it His, hers, its Himself, herself, itself Plural They Them Their, theirs

Themselves A pronoun must agree with its antecedent. The antecedent is the noun [or other pronoun] being replaced or that the pronoun refers to. Sami purchased an airline ticket, and now he cant find it. Sami is the antecedent for he. airline ticket is the antecedent for it. Every pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number, gender, and person.

The Rules: Number Number refers to whether a pronoun or noun is singular or plural. Sami purchased an airline ticket, and now he cant find it. Sami is singular; the pronoun he is also singular. Airline ticket is singular; the pronoun it is also singular. Airline passengers must show their photoidentification cards to the ticket agent. Airline passengers is plural; the pronoun their is also plural.

Gender Gender refers to whether a pronoun or noun is masculine, feminine, or neuter. Each passenger is responsible for getting his or her passport. Each passenger is a singular genderless antecedent, so the singular pronoun his or her is preferred usage. The university has changed its recommendations for the new parking lot facility. University is a singular neuter antecedent, so the singular neuter pronoun its is used. Gender

Will the judges please reveal their scores? Judges is a plural antecedent (both masculine and feminine), so the plural pronoun their is used. Jane wants to increase her job opportunities by completing her college education. Jane is a singular feminine antecedent, so the singular feminine pronoun her is used. Our staff members completed their software training today. Our staff members is a plural neuter antecedent, so the plural pronoun their is used. Justin presented proper identification before he was permitted

to board the plane. Justin is a singular masculine antecedent, so the singular masculine pronoun he is used. Person Person refers to the point of view from which a sentence is written: first person (the person writing, I, WE), second person (the person written to, YOU), and third person (the person written about, HE, SHE, IT, THEY) Incorrect: When a person turns thirty, your perspective

on life changes in many ways. (The first half of the sentence is written in third person, while the second half is in second person.) Correct: When a person turns thirty, his or her perspective on life changes in many ways. (The entire sentence is written in third person.) Incorrect: I hate to proofread my paper because proofreading is such a boring thing for you to do. Youll generally run into problems in two cases: When the antecedent is an indefinite pronoun and When the antecedent is a singular noun that could refer to a man or a woman. These Indefinite Pronouns

are always singular Another Anybody Anyone Anything Each Either Everybody Everyone Everything Neither Much

Little Nobody Nothing No one Nothing One Other Somebody Something Someone

Indefinite Pronouns Someone left his or her lights on. Anyone knows the story of the town? Nobody wants his or her name slandered. Each of the participants wants to be on the team.

Neither of the men looks as if he wanted the job. These Indefinite Pronouns are always Plural Both Few

Others Several Many The few who completed their assignments left early. The police asked both witnesses if they saw the accident. Several students expressed their interest in attending the course. These pronouns can be singular or plural, depending on context All Any

More All of the gas is gone. All of the children are gone. Any of the jewelry More of the plot is is yours for the revealed in act taking. three. Any of my More of our plans cousins are right are going towards

for the part. getting him here. Most None Most of the cake was gone when I got home. But most of the cookies were still there. Some of the fault was None of material the teachers for being was covered in the

disorganized. test review. Some of the students None of the were so angry they complained to her students were boss. happy about that. Some

Using either or, neither nor, and not only but also. Of the two antecedents in the sentence, the pronoun must agree with the closer one. Either Mary or the students will bring their notebooks to the class. Either the children or Mary will bring her notebooks to the class. Neither the woman nor the men will do their exam on Friday. Neither the men nor the woman will do her exam on Friday. Not only my parents but also my brother fixed his car after the storm. Not only my brother but also my parents fixed their car after the storm.

Collective nouns are singular or plural, depending on context Collective nouns are groups of people: team, jury, class, committee, army, family, etc. If all members are acting in unison, treat the collective noun as singular and use a singular pronoun. If, however, all members are acting individually, treat the noun as plural and use a plural pronoun. The team celebrated its victory. The team changed into

their street clothes and went home happy. Collective nouns are singular or plural, depending on context The class is meeting in its scheduled room today. The class must turn in their assignments tomorrow. The union can do only as much as its members allow. The couple are separating on their fifth wedding anniversary. This is the army, and it is a fine organization.

Activity: Choose the correct Answer in the following: 1. Not only my brothers but also mom loves to drench _________ omelets in ketchup. A. their B. her C. his D. its and her Activity: Choose the correct Answer in the following: 2. Each of those worried students is wondering how to answer effectively on ________ pronoun agreement quiz. A. their

B. her C. his or her D. them Activity: Choose the correct Answer in the following: 3. The girls and their professor sweated in the hot classroom. Each one of them wondered why ________ had decided to go to summer school. A. they B. her C. his D. she or her

Activity: Choose the correct Answer in the following: 4. Robert and Sue concentrated on the essay topic. ________ discussed different ideas on how to begin writing. A. He B. She C. They D. He or she Activity: Choose the correct Answer in the following: 5. Either of these thick books by respected authors will have the answer to your research question in _______ many

pages. A.his B. his or her C. its D.their Activity: Choose the correct Answer in the following: 6. Sam is starving, and his friends have just ordered their meals. Despite Sams hunger, neither of them will pay for ______ share in the meal. their B. him

C. his D. its A. Activity: Choose the correct Answer in the following: 7. Carl refuses to return to the weight room because ______ staff always pokes fun of his skinny arms and legs. their B. his C. her D. its A. Activity: Choose the correct Answer in the following:

8. The students should memorize a Shakespeare poem for Mr. Adam because the extra credit points will help them improve _________ grades at the end of the semester. A. they B. his or her C. their D. them Activity: Choose the correct Answer in the following: 9. A person should be allowed to make up ___________ mind. A. B. C.

D. his or her her their its Activity: Choose the correct Answer in the following: 10. At the zoo, every lion, tiger, bear, snake, and crocodile roared ________ approval when the mean child slipped and cracked his head on the sidewalk. A. their B. its C. his or her

Activity: Choose the correct Answer in the following: 11. Either Sabrina or her friends will ask the professor for a permission to use _________ dictionaries in the exam. A. her B. their C. his or her D. them

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