Introduction to Livestock Judging - Weebly

Introduction to Livestock Judging - Weebly

Introduction to Livestock Judging & Selection A. Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise B. Discuss the importance of conformation in animal selection and how it is evaluated through the muscular and skeletal systems C. Label external parts of agricultural animals D. Describe the judging process and fill out a judging card correctly E. Judge classes of livestock F. Present oral reasons Can you determine the quality of an animal? Can one animal be better than another?

A. Importance of Animal Selection Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise When do you evaluate the quality of an animal? 1- Pre Purchase Exam Determine if it will perform to the level you need Be sure it is healthy & structurally sound

Confirm that the sale price matches the value A. Importance of Animal Selection Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise When do you evaluate the quality of an animal? 2- Determining Sale Prices Overpriced animals dont usually sell Underpriced animals lose potential

profit A. Importance of Animal Selection Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise When do you evaluate the quality of an animal? 3- Choosing Replacement Animals Choose the best breeding animals to keep as replacements in your herd

A. Importance of Animal Selection Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise When do you evaluate the quality of an animal? 4- Selecting Show Animals Pick the animal with the most show potential A.

Importance of Animal Selection Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise When do you evaluate the quality of an animal? 5- Judging Competitions Learn skills in comparing animals quickly and ranking from top to bottom Is it just a beauty contest? Does each trait have a

purpose for its value? A. Importance of Animal Selection Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise MOST judging characteristics are related directly to efficiently producing agricultural products In the show industry, a few characteristics are just for show Importance of Animal

For Example: Selection A. Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise Pigs More Pork Chops = A desirable characteristic in pigs is body length More Bacon

More Overall Weight (Producers are paid per pound) Importance of Animal For Example: Selection A. Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise Dairy Cattle d of bloo s n

o l l a h 500 g throug e t a l u c ir must c th water and i udder w for a cow to

ts nutrien 1 gallon of uce & lung More heart prod milk!! capacity = A desirable characteristic in dairy cows is to be wide and deep in the chest to support a strong heart and lungs More milk production

More Overall Profit (Producers are paid per pound) Importance of Animal For Example: Selection A. Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise Sheep = A desirable characteristic in market lambs is length

of loin. More Loin Chops Most tender & highest price per pound cut Importance of Animal For Example: Selection A. Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise Beef Cattle

= A desirable characteristic in market steers is finish or fat cover. Adequate external fat will indicate greater chance of internal fat or marbling High grades of meat yield higher price per pound Importance of Animal For Example: Selection

A. Explain the importance of animal selection in the success of a production enterprise Horses = A desirable characteristic in horses is to be short in the back and well muscled in the hind end Power comes from the hind end for speed and power Shorter backs can have

greater maneuverability for performance B. Discuss the importance of conformation in animal selection and how it is evaluated through the muscular and skeletal systems Evaluating Conformation Terminology: Sound in the animal industry is used to describe an animal without injury or structural fault. The sow is sound on her feet and legs

B. Discuss the importance of conformation in animal selection and how it is evaluated through the muscular and skeletal systems Evaluating Conformation Skeletal System: provides structure and support to the body with: Bones Tendons (Connects bone to bone) B. Discuss the importance of conformation in animal selection and how it is evaluated through the muscular and skeletal systems Evaluating Conformation Muscular System: provides ability for body to move Moves Bones

Ligaments (Connect muscle to bone) B. Discuss the importance of conformation in animal selection and how it is evaluated through the muscular and skeletal systems Evaluating Conformation Structural Incorrectness can cause unsoundness Lameness or limping Inability for animal to move freely post legged) (Stiff or B. Discuss the importance of conformation in animal selection and how it is evaluated through the muscular and skeletal systems

Evaluating Conformation Muscular AND Skeletal System work together If 1 fails, the other will too B. Discuss the importance of conformation in animal selection and how it is evaluated through the muscular and skeletal systems Evaluating Conformation Common Deformities of Front Legs: Correct Splay Foot

Pigeon Toe Knock Narrow Wide Kneed Base Base B. Discuss the importance of conformation in animal selection and how it is evaluated through the muscular and skeletal systems Evaluating Conformation Common Deformities of Rear Legs: Correct Sickle Post Campe Hocked Leggedd Under

B. Discuss the importance of conformation in animal selection and how it is evaluated through the muscular and skeletal systems Evaluating Conformation Common Deformities of Rear Legs: Correct Cow Hocked Cow Hocked & Splay Footed

Pigeon Narrow Wide Toed Base Base

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