# Heat Transfer Conduction, Convection, and Radiation

Convection conduction and radiation Heat Transfer Conduction, Convection and Radiation Copy on the top half of the back of your foldable The earth's atmosphere is a very thin layer wrapped around a very large planet.

Two gases make up the bulk of the earth's atmosphere: nitrogen ( N2), which comprises 78% of the atmosphere, and oxygen (02), which accounts for 21%. Various trace gases make up the remainder. Based on temperature, the atmosphere is divided into four layers: the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere. Energy is transferred between the earth's surface and the atmosphere via conduction, convection, and radiation.

Ocean currents play a significant role in transferring this heat pole ward. Major currents, such as the northward flowing Gulf Stream, transport tremendous amounts of heat pole ward and contribute to the development of many types of weather phenomena. Thermal Energy Transfer Thermal energy transfer is heat moving from a warmer object to a cooler object. This is

known as thermal energy transfer. How is Heat Transferred? There are THREE ways heat can move. Conduction Convection Radiation CONDUCTION

Heat is transferred from one particle of matter to another in an object without the movement of the object. Conduction = CONTACT Have you ever Touched a metal spoon sitting in a pan of boiling water only to be surprised by HOW hot it is??

Think back to what you know about metals and nonmetals. What conducts heat better, metal or nonmetal? Why? Think of a metal spoon in a pot of water being heated. The fast-moving particles of the fire collide with the slow-moving particles of the cool pot.

Because of these collisions, the slower particles move faster and heat is transferred. Then the particles of the pot collide with the particles in the water, which collide with the particles at one end of the spoon. As the particles move faster, the metal spoon gets hotter. This

process of conduction is repeated all along the metal until the entire spoon is hot. Example of Conduction EXAMPLE OF CONDUCTION A piece of cheese melts as heat is transferred

from the meat to the cheese (Contact) CONVECTION Convection is the movement that transfers heat within fluids and air (gas) Heat is transferred by currents within the fluid or gas Convection = VENTS (through air and liquid particles) Convection moves in a circular pattern

Examples of Convection: Have you ever noticed that the air near the ceiling is warmer than the air near the floor? Or that water in a pool is cooler at the deep end? Examples: air movement in a home, pot of heating water. Pick one of these examples and draw the circular pattern in your notes.

Explaining Convection Convection currents cause the cooler breezes you experience by a large body of water. These currents

also cause the movement of magma within the earth. RADIATION Radiation is the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves Radiation does NOT require matter to transfer

thermal energy Radiation = Radiates (heat escaping the sun) Radiation May Come From Other Sources Have you ever sat too close to a campfire while cooking marshmallows? Youre enjoying the warmth .. only to notice that your skin is really warm?

Examples of RADIATION 1. Fire 2. Heat Lamps 3. Sun Balance Whenever a hot object is placed near a cold object, the hot object will transfer heat to the cold object until they reach a state of balance.

Balance happens when the temperatures of both objects are the same. The fast moving molecules mix with the slow moving molecules until they are all mixed and balanced. Copy on the bottom half of the back of your foldable Insulator- Does not

transfer heat easily Examples are wood and foam Conductor-materials that transfer heat easily Examples are metals

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