Germany, Switzerland, and Austria

Germany, Switzerland, and Austria

GERMANY OBJECTIVES I can identify the key physical features of Germany.

(7.3.spi.10) I can examine Germanys history (key events and people) and identify its form of government. (7.4.1) I can identify Germanys economic contributions worldwide. (7.2.1)

Directions: Make sure to make 4 sections for your notes: 1) geography, 2) History (timeline of major events), 3) key people 4) Economy (i.e. major products/exports)

FOCUS QUESTION What role does engines and jeans play in our lives?

GERMANY GERMANY IN DARK GREEN I. GERMANY

It is about the size of Montana and it lies in the heart of Europe. Black Forest is known

for its scenery and its wood products. Danube River is an important waterway.

BLACK FOREST CLOCK-MAKING IS HUGE IN GERMANY ESPECIALLY AROUND THE BLACK FOREST EX: CUCKOO CLOCK

DANUBE RIVER BERLIN, GERMANY: CAPITAL

BRADENBERG GATE: A SYMBOL OF BERLIN AND GERMANY I. GERMANY During the 1500s, a

monk by the name of Martin Luther worked to reform the Catholic church.

His main problem was the buying of sins to the church. He nailed the 95 Theses on Oct 31,1517 to

Wittenberg Church MARTIN LUTHER STATUE OF MARTIN LUTHER IN

BERLIN, GERMANY 95 THESES WERE NAILED TO WITTENBERG CHURCH

I. GERMANY Western Germany has a place called

Ruhr and it is an important industrial center. Production of iron ore and coal is

important here. Many battles have been fought here. I. GERMANY

Germany has superhighways called autobahns. Late 1800s, Otto

von Bismarck united a group of territories into a nation-Germany.

AUTOBAHN IN GERMANY: NO SPEED LIMIT OTTO VON BISMARK: FOUNDER OF GERMANY (UNITED IN 1871)

ADOLPH HITLER: TAKES POWER IN 1933 I. GERMANY

A great horror occurred in Germany during WWII called the Holocaust.

Adolf Hitler lead a slaughter of more than 6 million Jews and lead to the death of more than 10

million. HOLOCAUST IN AUSCHWITZ MAY 26, 1944 (ONE OF THE MOST DEADLIEST CONCENTRATION CAMPS)

EMPTY GAS CANS USED TO GAS THOSE IN THE CONCENTRATION CAMP IN AUSCHWITZ BERLIN, GERMANY IN RUINS AFTER WWII

MAY 1945 END OF WWII BERLIN WALL

I. GERMANY Following WWII, Germany was divided in 1961 into the East

and West. East Germany became Communist. West Germany became a Democracy.

1989 Germany came together as a whole. I. GERMANY TODAY Government: Federal

Republic with an elected president. (Just like the United States).,

Work continues to improve the economic gap between the east and west. Population: 82.5

Million 90% live in Urban CHANCELLOR ANGELA MERKEL (GERMANYS CURRENT PRESIDENT)

CHANCELLOR MERKEL WITH PRESIDENTS BUSH AND OBAMA GERMANYS ECONOMY

GERMANY IS ON THE CUTTING EDGE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY IT HAS THE WORLDS LARGEST WIND FARM AND SOLAR POWER CAPACITY

GERMANY IS WELL-KNOWN FOR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY CAR COMPANIES FROM GERMANY

AUDI VOLKSWAGEN MERCEDES-BENZ

BMW KEY PEOPLE IN GERMANYS PAST AND PRESENT

MARTIN LUTHER: PROTESTANT REFORMATION OTTO VON BISMARK

HITLER LEVI STRAUSS

RUDOLF CHRISTIAN KARL DIESEL LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN: GERMANY

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH ALBERT EINSTEIN ATOMIC BOMB INVENTED BY

EINSTEIN HEIDI KLUM DIRK NOWITZKI

PUT THE FOLLOWING ITEMS IN THE CORRECT CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER Hitler gains power

Luther begins Protestantism Berlin Wall Falls Bismarck unites Germany Germany divided

H.O. QUESTIONS What choice would you have made if you were a Jew that had heard of the awful concentration camps? Do you agree with the actions of Adolph Hitler? What is

your opinion of him? STOP! Hasta La Vista,

Baby! Click Turn in Timeline

place Germany notes in your binder. DO NOT GO ON!!!!

II.SWITZERLAND OBJECTIVES I can describe the physical features of

Switzerland and Austria. (7.3.spi.9 & 7.3.spi. 10) I can identify key economic products of Switzerland and Austria. (7.2.spi.1) I can summarize the cultures of Switzerland and Austria. (7.1.spi.1)

Directions: On your paper, make a T chart. One column should say Switzerland, the other Austria. FOCUS QUESTION In what way, does Arnold and Hitler

relate? ARNOLD

HITLER SWITZERLAND IN GREEN FEDERAL PALACE IN BERN

BERN IS THE CAPITAL OF SWITZERLAND II.SWITZERLAND The Alps form most

of the landscape of Switzerland, Austria, and Liechtenstein. These countries

are called Alpine countries. Switzerland remains neutral in wars.

DANUBE RIVER II. SWITZERLAND The Alps divides

Western and Eastern Europe through Switzerland. Most of the jobs in

industries and farms are located in the plateau (Mittelland) between Jura and Alps

II. SWITZERLAND It has few natural resources ,yet it is

a thriving industrial nation. It has many ethnic groups and religions.

II. SWITZERLAND Four national languages:

German, French, Italian, and Romansch. Most speak German, and many speak

more than one language. Government: federal republic.

ZURICH, SWITZERLAND WINTERTIME VIEW OF SENT VIEW OF THE MOUNTAINS

SWISS CHEESE: EXPORTS 50,000 TONS YEARLY SWISS CHOCOLATE

SWISS ARMY KNIFES BREITLING WATCH COMPANY

INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS: HEADQUARTERS IS LOCATED IN SWITZERLAND FOLKLORIC DANCE

ROGER FEDERER ACTRESS RENE ZELLWEGERS FATHER IS SWISS

III. AUSTRIA AUSTRIAS LOCATION IN ORANGE AUSTRIAS FLAG

VIENNA, AUSTRIA CAPITAL OF AUSTRIA III. AUSTRIA

It is one of Europes largest countries. Austrian Empire ruled

central Europe from late 1200s to the early 1900s. Alps cover 3/4 of land area in

Austria. Very mountainous III. AUSTRIA The mountains in

Austria provide valuable timber and hydroelectric power.

Minerals: iron ore, timber, and coal Attract millions of tourist each year to enjoy hiking &

skiing DANUBE RIVER IN AUSTRIA III. AUSTRIA

Most of the people live in cities and towns Jobs: manufacturing

or service industries 90 % follow the religion of Roman Catholic; Vienna is the capital and

largest city. HITLER WAS FROM AUSTRIA VIENNAS OPERA HOUSE

UN BUILDING IN AUSTRIA VIENNA, AUSTRIA PARLIAMENT BUILDING

HERMESVILLA RATHAUS

WOLFGANG PUCK FRANZ FERDINAND: ASSASSINATION STARTED WWI

HOME TO ARNOLD JOHANN STRAUSS: AUSTRIA WOLFGANG MOZART: AUSTRIA

FOCUS QUESTION How does Arnold and Hitler relate?

ANSWER Both relate to one of the countries in this lesson. Arnold=Austria Hitler= Germany but he is from Austria too

HOMEWORK: COMPLETE GUIDED READING 12.2 EUROPES HEARTLAND Clin

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