FIBER DISTRIBUTED DATA INTERFACE FDDI Submitted by: Guided by: Arun Kumar Gupta M.Tech (Opto-Electronics)- II Sem Dept. of Applied Physics SGSITS, Indore Mr. Vipin Kaushik
Plan of talk History & Development Introduction FDDI Features Working of FDDI FDDI Types Frame Format Applications of FDDI Advantages Future of FDDI Conclusion
2 History & Development FDDI was considered an attractive campus backbone technology in the early to mid 1990s since existing Ethernet networks only offered 10 Mbit/s transfer speeds and Token Ring networks only offered 4 Mbit/s or 16 Mbit/s speeds. Thus it was the preferred choice of that era for a high-speed backbone, but FDDI has since been effectively obsoleted by fast Ethernet which offered the same 100 Mbit/s speeds, but at a much lower
cost and, since 1998, by Gigabit Ethernet due to its speed, and even lower cost, and ubiquity. 3 Introduction FDDI LAN standards were developed by subcommittee X3T9.5 of ANSI (American National Standard Institute) A networking technology that uses a dual ring topology often with dual networking equipment
(concentrators, etc.) FDDI facilitates redundancy and protection of the network. If a device fails, the primary and secondary rings enter a "wrap" state to form a logical connection and thus maintain the logical ring in the event of a link failure. FDDI is capable of data rates of 100 Mbps over fiber optic cable (SMF and MMF). 4 FDDI Features
Can be implemented over copper (CDDI) The fiber optic cables have clear advantages over the 5 copper cables. There is more security, and the fiber optic cables are more reliable than any other wire available. The data transfer in the fiber optic cable takes place without any electrical signals being transmitted. The data flow is undeterred and constant through a fiber optic cable. Long distances can be covered for data flow using the
fiber optic cable using a single node. Maximum of 500 stations Media access - Token passing Speed - 100Mbps Frame Size is large as compared to Ethernet i.e. 4500 bytes Working of FDDI The inside architecture of the FDDI is based on the dual rings where the data is flowing in the opposite directions.
There are two levels of rings the primary and the secondary. Most of the data transmission takes place using the primary ring and the secondary is idle. However in case the primary does not work the secondary takes over the primarys functionalities It also use optical bypass switch for avoiding the wrap 6 Wrap condition
7 Cont 8 Optical Bypass Switch 9 FDDI DAS Ports Attach to
the Primary and Secondary Rings 10 Function of Concentrator 11 FDDI TYPES There are two types of fiber distributed data interface mainly.
The Single Mode Interface The single mode uses the laser technology to generate the light rays. The Multi Mode Interface. The Multimode fiber uses the LED display to generate the light rays. 12
Cont The difference in both these methods is that multi mode as the name suggests allows many rays at one single point of time to pass and the single mode laser allows one ray at one time to pass through. The angles at which the light reflects on the cable are all different so by the time they reach the nodes the time at which they arrive is different. In a single mode there is no such confusion so the
data arrives at the node in a streamlined fashion. The methodology which the multi mode uses is called modal dispersion and it is used in an environment which has limited boundaries. In comparison with the multi node the single node will be able to carry more data and deliver at a higher speed along with covering larger 13 distances. Maximum Distance 1300nm LED on Multimode fiber
50/125 500 Mhz per Km 1.9 miles 62.5/125 500 Mhz per Km 2.9 miles 85/125 300 Mhz per Km 1.5 miles 100/140 200 Mhz per Km 1 mile 14 Cont. 1300nm Laser on Multimode fiber 50/125 1,400 Mhz per Km 16.3 miles 62.5/125 1,400 Mhz per Km 16.3 miles 85/125 400 Mhz per Km 1.8 miles
100/140 600 Mhz per Km 2.7 miles 1300nm Laser on Single Mode fiber 8/125 100,000 Hhz per Km 29.8 miles 15 FDDI frame format 16 Applications of FDDI FDDI is used mainly in mission critical and
high traffic networks where large amounts of data flow need to flow quickly and efficiently FDDI is used anywhere that utilizes a large network in need of high bandwidth. Businesses, the Government, hospitals and other medical fields, stock exchanges and money markets etc. 17
Advantages Higher Capacity and Performance than older LANs More Simultaneous Transactions Higher Availability (dual ring topology) Predetermined Performance (adding users have minimal impact on throughput) Longer Distance Loops (2 kilometers to 100 kilometer) 18
Future of FDDI A newer version of FDDI, called FDDI-2, supports the transmission of audio and visual information as well as data. Another version, FDDI-Full Duplex Technology or FFDT, uses the same network setup as FDDI but can support twice the data rate, or 200 Mbps. 19
Conclusion After the advent of FDDI internet has advanced to a great extent even with common day to day users. The internet service providers are able to provide better services to the people and are able to facilitate internet in a better fashion. Since internet has advanced and the number of users has increased, more and more businesses have started e-commerce applications on the internet. Because the fiber distributed data interface is a safe
and secure medium when it comes to cables the ecommerce transactions have found a reliable media. FDDI through single node transfers are widely adapted by MNCs for communication between different branches. 20 References http://www.etutes.com/lesson4/ 21
networking_fundamentals_lesson4_7.htm http://wiki.cisco.com/wiki/ Fiber_Distributed_Data_Interface#Figure:_The_F DDI_Frame_Is_Similar_to_That_of_a_Token_Ring_ Frame http://www.laynetworks.com/FDDI.htm http://www.arcelect.com/fddi.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Fiber_Distributed_Data_Interface Forging FDDI - Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal by FE Ross - 2002 John M.Senior,second edition,page no.885
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