Eating Disorders - MCCC

Eating Disorders - MCCC

Eating Disorders Chapter 11 Youtube site eating disorders http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RRseSpdGC2s anorexia and bulimia http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u7LdEUu4QZE Introduction The hypothalamus contains the appetite regulation

center within the brain. It regulates the bodys ability to recognize when it is hungry, when it is not hungry, and when it has been sated. Eating behaviors are influenced by Society Culture Historically, society and culture also have influenced

what is considered desirable in the female body. Anorexia nervosa Prevalence rate of anorexia nervosa among young women in the United States is approximately 0.5 to 1 percent. Occurs predominantly in females age 12 to 30 years. Assessment Predisposing Factors

Nursing Diagnosis Planning and Implementation Outcome Treatment Modalities Bulimia Nervosa is more prevalent than anorexia nervosa. Estimates range from 1 to 3 percent of young women. Onset of bulimia nervosa occurs in late adolescence or early adulthood.

Occurs primarily in societies that emphasize thinness *Excessive vomiting and laxative or diuretic abuse may lead to problems with dehydration and electrolyte imbalances Bulimia Nervosa

Assessment Predisposing Factors Nursing Diagnosis Planning and Implementation Outcome Treatment Modalities

Obesity Obesity has been defined as a body mass index of 30 or greater. Approximately 65% of adults are overweight, with 31 percent of these in the obese range.

Assessment Predisposing Factors Nursing Diagnosis Planning and Implementation Outcome Treatment Modalities

Treatment Modalities Behavior Modification Issues of control are central to the etiology of these disorders. For the program to be successful, the client must perceive that he or she is in control of the treatment. Successes have been observed when the client Is allowed to contract for privileges based on weight gain

Has input into the care plan Clearly sees what the treatment choices are Treatment Modalities The client has control over Eating Amount of exercise pursued Whether to induce vomiting Staff and client agree about

Goals System of rewards The client has a choice whether to Abide by the contract Gain weight Earn the desired privilege Treatment Modalities Individual Therapy

Family Therapy Psychopharmacology Psychopharmacology Medications that have been tried with some success: For anorexia nervosa: Fluoxetine (Prozac) Clomipramine (Anafranil) Cyproheptadine (Periactin) Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)

Olanzapine (Zyprexa) For bulimia nervosa: Fluoxetine (Prozac) Imipramine (Tofranil) Desipramine (Norpramine) Amitriptyline (Elavil) Nortriptyline (Aventyl) Phenelzine (Nardil) Psychopharmacology For binge-eating disorder with obesity:

Topiramate (Topamax) -For obesity: Fluoxetine (Prozac) Sibutramine (Meridia) Various anorexiants (CNS stimulants) Questions

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